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THE MANAGEMENT OF LEARNING: ORGANIZATIONS AS KNOWLEDGE-CREATING ENTERPRISES

Chun Wei Choo

in The Knowing Organization: How Organizations Use Information to Construct Meaning, Create Knowledge, and Make Decisions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176780
eISBN:
9780199789634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176780.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

An organization possesses three kinds of knowledge: tacit or personal knowledge; explicit or codified knowledge, and cultural knowledge in its beliefs and norms. An organization can create new ... More


The Explicit Economics of Knowledge Codification and Tacitness

Robin Cowan, Paul A. David, and Dominique Foray

in Understanding Industrial and Corporate Change

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269426
eISBN:
9780191710179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269426.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter attempts to provide greater precision and clarity toward the understanding of the nature and economic significance of knowledge and its variegated forms by presenting the sceptical ... More


Lost Knowledge: Confronting the Threat of an Aging Workforce

David W. DeLong

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170979
eISBN:
9780199789719
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170979.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This book shows how the cost of losing human knowledge in a technology-intensive world seriously affects organizational success. It explains what leaders must do to retain critical know-how as ... More


University Spillovers and Entrepreneurial Location

David B. Audretsch, Max C. Keilbach, and Erik E. Lehmann

in Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183511
eISBN:
9780199783663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183511.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter asks whether the Knowledge Spillover Theory of Entrepreneurship also has a spatial component in that the startups tend to cluster within geographic proximity to knowledge sources. It ... More


Improving the Transfer of Explicit Knowledge

David W. DeLong

in Lost Knowledge: Confronting the Threat of an Aging Workforce

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170979
eISBN:
9780199789719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170979.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter begins with a detailed explanation of the confusion surrounding different knowledge types. It includes a practical description using one form of knowledge classification, which includes ... More


Transformative Learning Through Deliberation: Social Assumptions and the Tacit Dimension *

Frank Fischer

in Democracy and Expertise: Reorienting Policy Inquiry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199282838
eISBN:
9780191712487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282838.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter takes up an essential contention of deliberative democracy, namely the idea that citizens can improve their communicative competencies in ways that lead to self-transformative learning. ... More


Tacit Knowledge and Informal Networks

Wendy Faulkner, Jacqueline Senker, and LÉa Velho

in Knowledge Frontiers: Public Sector Research and Industrial Innovation in Biotechnology, Engineering Ceramics, and Parallel Computing

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288336
eISBN:
9780191684586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288336.003.0058
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology, Knowledge Management

As has already been observed through the previous case studies, the knowledge that firms utilize in various RD&D endeavours that lead to innovation is of a very wide variety. Also, it is found that ... More


Knowledge‐based Views of the Firm

Nicolai J. Foss

in Strategy, Economic Organization, and the Knowledge Economy: The Coordination of Firms and Resources

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199240647
eISBN:
9780191602177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240647.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter argues that the theory of the firm put forward in Nelson and Winter (1982) is less about bounded rationality than it is about socially held tacit knowledge. Attempts to combine the two ... More


Enabler 4: Create the Right Context

Georg Von Krogh, Kazuo Ichijo, and Ikujiro Nonaka

in Enabling Knowledge Creation: How to Unlock the Mystery of Tacit Knowledge and Release the Power of Innovation

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195126167
eISBN:
9780199848720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195126167.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

While there are different types of knowledge within an organization — individual, social, and tacit — all of these must nonetheless be stimulated, developed, justified, and effectively disseminated ... More


Care in the Organization: Why an Enabling Context Matters

Georg Von Krogh, Kazuo Ichijo, and Ikujiro Nonaka

in Enabling Knowledge Creation: How to Unlock the Mystery of Tacit Knowledge and Release the Power of Innovation

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195126167
eISBN:
9780199848720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195126167.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

In order to facilitate the sharing of personal knowledge among individuals within the company, certain issues regarding organizational relationships have to be addressed. Constructive relations would ... More


Linguistic Knowledge

Michael Devitt

in Knowing How: Essays on Knowledge, Mind, and Action

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195389364
eISBN:
9780199932368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389364.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is a truism that speakers of a language “know” the language. Many in philosophy and linguistics make a propositional assumption about this knowledge: it is knowledge that. Sometimes the knowledge ... More


Implicit Conceptions

Christopher Peacocke

in Truly Understood

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199239443
eISBN:
9780191717000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239443.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

An implicit conception is a state of tacit knowledge required for possession of a given concept. This chapter elaborates the notion of an implicit conception, argues for the existence of implicit ... More


Evaluating Experimental Artifact Accounts

Stephen M. Kosslyn, William L. Thompson, and Giorgio Ganis

in The Case for Mental Imagery

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195179088
eISBN:
9780199893829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179088.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter turns to an entirely different class of criticisms of the claim that visual mental images depict information. These broadsides against depictive theories hinge on attempts to explain ... More


Understanding and Rule-Following 1

Christopher Peacocke

in Mind, Meaning, and Knowledge: Themes from the Philosophy of Crispin Wright

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199278053
eISBN:
9780191745386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278053.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter offers an account of the rational application of a concept that respects the intuitive idea that rational judgement results from the interaction of understanding or grasp, together with ... More


A Web of Reinforcements

Ekkehart Schlicht

in On Custom in the Economy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292241
eISBN:
9780191596865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292244.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, History of Economic Thought

Custom comprises habitual, emotional, and cognitive aspects that mutually reinforce each other. This chapter concentrates on conservatism and conformity as important elements in the formation of ... More


Michael Polanyi: Scientist and Philosopher

William Taussig Scott and Martin X. Moleski

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195174335
eISBN:
9780199835706
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517433X.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Michael Polanyi (1891–1976) was born to a Viennese family living in Hungary. After obtaining a medical degree, he served in the Austro-Hungarian army in World War I, then chose Austrian citizenship ... More


Knowledge Enablingin Action: Dismantling Barriers at Gemini Consulting

Georg Von Krogh, Kazuo Ichijo, and Ikujiro Nonaka

in Enabling Knowledge Creation: How to Unlock the Mystery of Tacit Knowledge and Release the Power of Innovation

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195126167
eISBN:
9780199848720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195126167.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

Although it is a known fact that companies incorporate particular kinds of knowledge in their business processes, the business of management consulting firms concentrates mainly on the creation of ... More


Government and Markets

Raymond Plant

in The Neo-liberal State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199281756
eISBN:
9780191713040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281756.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

This chapter has as its main focus the nature and scope of markets in neo‐liberal thought. The first part of the chapter looks at the critique of economic planning of the economy and of government ... More


Enabler 2: Manage Conversations

Georg Von Krogh, Kazuo Ichijo, and Ikujiro Nonaka

in Enabling Knowledge Creation: How to Unlock the Mystery of Tacit Knowledge and Release the Power of Innovation

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195126167
eISBN:
9780199848720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195126167.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

Because conversation happens to be the most common and natural of human activities, companies usually undervalue the fact that good conversation channels within the company may aid in an ... More


Methodological Approaches to Scientific and Technological Thinking

Michael E. Gorman

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter provides a taxonomy of the methodological approaches psychologists have taken to studying scientific and technological thinking, based on an analogy to biological methods, including in ... More


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