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Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis

Julia H. Littell, Jacqueline Corcoran, and Vijayan Pillai

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195326543
eISBN:
9780199864959
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326543.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This book aims to make familiar current methods and standards for research synthesis. It describes systematic reviews and meta-analyses, with numerous examples relevant to social work practice and ... More


Finding and Evaluating Evidence: Systematic Reviews and Evidence-Based Practice

Denise E. Bronson and Tamara S. Davis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195337365
eISBN:
9780199918201
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337365.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Evidence-based practice (EBP) promises to have a profound impact on social work practice, education, and scholarship, but adopting EBP depends on the availability of evidence to support this ... More


Introduction

Julia H. Littell, Jacqueline Corcoran, and Vijayan Pillai

in Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195326543
eISBN:
9780199864959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326543.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter defines and compares systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Systematic reviews carefully locate relevant evidence and appraise study qualities, while meta-analyses provide quantitative ... More


Systematic Synthesis of Qualitative Research

Michael Saini and Aron Shlonsky

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195387216
eISBN:
9780199932092
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387216.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Qualitative synthesis within the family of systematic reviews meets an urgent need to use knowledge derived from qualitative studies to inform practice, research, and policy. Despite the contingent ... More


Systematic reviews

Marjolein Gysels and Irene J. Higginson

in Research Methods in Palliative Care

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530251
eISBN:
9780191729980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530251.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter introduces systematic reviews and provides a summary of systematic review methods. It highlights the reasons why a researcher should use a systematic review, as well as the instances ... More


Using systematic reviews in health promotion

Margaret Thorogood

in Evaluating Health Promotion: Practice and Methods

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199569298
eISBN:
9780191594427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569298.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

A systematic review aims to search for and organize information in a systematic way, using transparent searches and inclusion and exclusion criteria to try, as far as is possible, to provide an ... More


Formulating a Topic and Developing a Protocol

Julia H. Littell, Jacqueline Corcoran, and Vijayan Pillai

in Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195326543
eISBN:
9780199864959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326543.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter considers issues in formulating a research question and developing a protocol for a systematic review. The protocol is a written plan, which specifies the objectives of the review, study ... More


Understanding and Applying Analytic Tools

Ross C. Brownson, Elizabeth A. Baker, Terry L. Leet, Kathleen N. Gillespie, and William R. True

in Evidence-Based Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195397895
eISBN:
9780199827183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195397895.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes several useful tools for evidence-based public health practice. The chapter has five main parts. First, it describes some context and processes for developing systematic ... More


Meta-analyses and Systematic Reviews

Curtis L. Meinert

in An Insider’s Guide to Clinical Trials

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199742967
eISBN:
9780199897278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742967.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

A meta-analysis is an analysis using either aggregate results or individual patient data from published trials. It is done to provide a more comprehensive and informative view of results than is ... More


Systematic Reviews, Evidence-Based Practice, and Social Work

Denise E. Bronson and Tamara S. Davis

in Finding and Evaluating Evidence: Systematic Reviews and Evidence-Based Practice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195337365
eISBN:
9780199918201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337365.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

The importance of systematic reviews to support evidence-based practice in social work is stressed and the related concepts and definitions of terms are presented. The steps for completing a ... More


Investigating the Evidence

James C. Raines

in Evidence-Based Practice in School Mental Health

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195366266
eISBN:
9780199864027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366266.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Research and Evaluation

This chapter aims to teach practitioners how to search efficiently and effectively for the best available evidence. There are three major clearinghouses for systematic reviews: the What Works ... More


Systematic Reviews in Public Health

Melissa L. Mcpheeters, Peter Briss, Steven J. Teutsch, and Benedict Truman

in Applied Epidemiology: Theory to practice

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195187410
eISBN:
9780199864997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187410.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a real-life perspective on systematic reviews, including some of the challenges involved and some of the areas in which there are differences of opinion among experts about ... More


Searching and Screening Qualitative Studies

Michael Saini and Aron Shlonsky

in Systematic Synthesis of Qualitative Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195387216
eISBN:
9780199932092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387216.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

The current terrain of qualitative research is marked by a lack of consensus among its scholars on the value of literature reviews, the best manner in which to conduct and include other literature, ... More


Generalizing Randomized Controlled Trial Outcomes to Community Practice Settings

Phyllis Solomon, Mary M. Cavanaugh, and Jeffrey Draine

in Randomized Controlled Trials: Design and Implementation for Community-Based Psychosocial Interventions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195333190
eISBN:
9780199864317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333190.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Chapter 7 demonstrates the relevance of RCTs to building a sound, scientific basis for social work services and programs, so that social work practitioners can select the most effective interventions ... More


Systematic Synthesis of Qualitative Research

Michael Saini and Aron Shlonsky

in Systematic Synthesis of Qualitative Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195387216
eISBN:
9780199932092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387216.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

The inclusion of qualitative synthesis within the “family of systematic reviews” helps to move qualitative synthesis out of the shadow of quantitative synthesis; provides impetus to the creation of ... More


Applied Epidemiology: Theory to practice

Ross C. Brownson and Diana B. Petitti (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195187410
eISBN:
9780199864997
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187410.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book focuses on areas of public health practice in which the systematic application of epidemiologic methods can have a large and positive impact. It describes how best to apply traditional ... More


The value of systematic reviews of the effectiveness of sexual health interventions

Jonathan Shepherd and Angela Harden

in Effective Sexual Health Interventions: Issues in Experimental Evaluation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198508496
eISBN:
9780191723797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508496.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter brings together the results of experimental evaluations of sexual health intervention in the form of systematic reviews. It explores the extent to which systematic reviews are reliable ... More


The process of systematic review of public health evidence: quality criteria and standards

Mark Petticrew

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Assessing ‘study quality’ is a key component of the systematic review process that is much contested. Systematic reviewers would argue that the purpose is to ensure that the final synthesis of ... More


Translation and Implementation of Evidence-Based Practices

Lawrence A. Palinkas

in Translation and Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195398489
eISBN:
9780199928583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398489.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter introduces a conceptual framework of the different types of research evidence, including evidence obtained from observational, quasi-experimental, and experimental primary research ... More


Evolution of Qualitative Synthesis within Systematic Reviews

Michael Saini and Aron Shlonsky

in Systematic Synthesis of Qualitative Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195387216
eISBN:
9780199932092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387216.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

The introduction chapter of the book explores the evolution of qualitative research within the framework of evidence-based practice and its inclusion in the family of systematic reviews. This chapter ... More


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