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 Good Sanitarians: Circumcision Medicalized

Leonard B. Glick

in Marked in Your Flesh: Circumcision from Ancient Judea to Modern America

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195176742
eISBN:
9780199835621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517674X.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

In a surprising development in British and American medical history, circumcision became medicalized in the final decades of the 19th century. It was transformed from a ritual practice exclusive to ... More


Early Colonial Sexuality and Fertility

Shane Doyle

in Before HIV: Sexuality, Fertility and Mortality in East Africa, 1900-1980

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265338
eISBN:
9780191760488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265338.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines why Buganda and Buhaya's population crisis was regarded by European observers as resulting much more from sub-fertility rather than excess mortality. The perception that ... More


‘Conferring a Premium on the Destruction of Female Morals’: Fertility Control and Sexuality in the Early to Mid-Nineteenth Century

Hera Cook

in The Long Sexual Revolution: English Women, Sex, and Contraception 1800-1975

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199252183
eISBN:
9780191719240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252183.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter explores the interaction between the need for fertility control, male and female sexual desire, and the vulnerability created by the dependent economic status of mothers. In the 19th ... More


The Ethics of Research in Infectious Disease:: Experimenting On This Patient, Risking Harm To That One

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Research ethics has focused on protecting the autonomy of the individual research subject, insisting on informed consent and a reasonable risk/benefit ratio for a study to be ethical. At the same ... More


Vertical Transmission of Infectious Diseases and Genetic Disorders

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Infectious diseases and genetic conditions are both transmitted “vertically” from a pregnant woman to the child she bears. Most U.S. states require routine screening of women for syphilis during ... More


Arguments from Medical History and Demography

Robert Woods

in Death before Birth: Fetal Health and Mortality in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542758
eISBN:
9780191715358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542758.003.0007
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter makes and justifies a claim: medical and demographic histories are inseparable when fetal health and life chances are the subjects. It is argued that there was an improvement in the ... More


Sexually Transmitted Infections among Gay and Bisexual Men

Ronald O. Valdiserri

in Unequal Opportunity: Health Disparities Affecting Gay and Bisexual Men in the United States

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301533
eISBN:
9780199863815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301533.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a overview of prevalent sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among gay and bisexual men. Descriptive epidemiology is presented for bacterial (gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia), ... More


Musical Narratives of Disability Accommodated: Schubert

Joseph N. Straus

in Extraordinary Measures: Disability in Music

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199766451
eISBN:
9780199895007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766451.003.0004
Subject:
Music, Popular, Philosophy of Music

At roughly the same time, composers began also to suggest alternative narratives, in which the musical body accepts and accommodates the disabling, non-normative element. For Beethoven, disability ... More


Bloodborne and Sexually Transmitted Infections

Edward P. Richards III and Guthrie S. Birkhead

in Law in Public Health Practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301489
eISBN:
9780199863822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301489.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on legal tools for controlling sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and certain related bloodborne infections for which sexual transmission is important. It focuses on the ... More


Neighborhoods and Infectious Diseases

Mindy Thompson Fullilove

in Neighborhoods and Health

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195138382
eISBN:
9780199865505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195138382.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on a series of neighborhood-level social/structural processes that have influenced the spread of HIV, syphilis, gonorrhea, and tuberculosis in the United States. Through the lens ... More


Sexually transmitted diseases

Robert L. Perlman

in Evolution and Medicine

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199661718
eISBN:
9780191774720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661718.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Sexually transmitted pathogens and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are widespread in nature. Humans can be infected by over a dozen sexually transmitted pathogens. Sexually transmitted ... More


Infections

Catherine S. Peckham and Marie-Louise Newell

in Antenatal and Neonatal Screening

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192628268
eISBN:
9780191723605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628268.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Although the majority of infections in pregnancy have no effect on the developing fetus, some can lead to severe damage and disability. This chapter discsses screening for infections: rubella, ... More


Infectious Disease Epidemiology: Beyond Bacteria

Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein

in Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the epidemiology of infectious diseases. By the end of the 19th century, the significant role of microorganisms in many diseases of humans and other species was ... More


Birthing in the City: Columbus Hill

Tanya Hart

in Health in the City: Race, Poverty, and the Negotiation of Women's Health in New York City, 1915-1930

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479867998
eISBN:
9781479875184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479867998.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter recounts the Health Department's decision to start health work in the black section of Columbus Hill. It focuses on the agency's devolution of power to the New York Association for ... More


King of Ragtime: Scott Joplin and His Era

Edward A. Berlin

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199740321
eISBN:
9780190245221
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740321.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American, Opera

Scott Joplin (ca. 1867–1917) was one of the most prominent and admired ragtime composers of the period (ca. 1893–ca. 1920). Starting his music career as a stage minstrel and quartet singer, he took ... More


From Mohels to Mein Kampf: Syphilis and the Construction of Jewish Identification

Jay Geller

in The Other Jewish Question: Identifying the Jew and Making Sense of Modernity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780823233618
eISBN:
9780823241781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823233618.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter chronicles how the construction of Judentum became increasingly infected with representations of syphilis from the earliest epidemic outbreaks in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries to ... More


Gay Men, Syphilis, and HIV: The Biological Impact of Social Stress

Frederick R. Bloom, Jami S. Leichliter, David K. Whittier, and Janet W. Mcgrath

in AIDS, Culture, and Gay Men

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034317
eISBN:
9780813039312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034317.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

Responses to sexually transmitted diseases have included considerable efforts by governments, communities, individuals, health care advocates, and public health systems. In the past twenty years, ... More


Health in Columbus Hill

Tanya Hart

in Health in the City: Race, Poverty, and the Negotiation of Women's Health in New York City, 1915-1930

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479867998
eISBN:
9781479875184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479867998.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter criticizes the health treatment in Columbus Hill for tuberculosis. The efficacy of the AICP's early syphilis work among Columbus Hill's black mothers appears questionable at best. A ... More


‘People should keep a grip of themselves’: treatment and prevention of VD

Leanne McCormick

in Regulating Sexuality: Women in Twentieth-century Northern Ireland

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719076640
eISBN:
9781781702666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719076640.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter explores the establishment of venereal disease (VD) clinics in Northern Ireland from 1917, and the debates and discourses that emerged in the interwar and Second World War period ... More


Introduction: Reforming the National Body

Keely Stauter-Halsted

in The Devil's Chain: Prostitution and Social Control in Partitioned Poland

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801454196
eISBN:
9781501701665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454196.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This introductory chapter describes the public concern over the problem of prostitution in Poland from the 1880s to the country's founding years of the Polish Second Republic during the twentieth ... More


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