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 Good Sanitarians: Circumcision Medicalized

Leonard B. Glick

in Marked in Your Flesh: Circumcision from Ancient Judea to Modern America

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195176742
eISBN:
9780199835621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517674X.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

In a surprising development in British and American medical history, circumcision became medicalized in the final decades of the 19th century. It was transformed from a ritual practice exclusive to ... More


Early Colonial Sexuality and Fertility

Shane Doyle

in Before HIV: Sexuality, Fertility and Mortality in East Africa, 1900-1980

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265338
eISBN:
9780191760488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265338.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines why Buganda and Buhaya's population crisis was regarded by European observers as resulting much more from sub-fertility rather than excess mortality. The perception that ... More


The Ethics of Research in Infectious Disease:: Experimenting On This Patient, Risking Harm To That One

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Research ethics has focused on protecting the autonomy of the individual research subject, insisting on informed consent and a reasonable risk/benefit ratio for a study to be ethical. At the same ... More


Vertical Transmission of Infectious Diseases and Genetic Disorders

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Infectious diseases and genetic conditions are both transmitted “vertically” from a pregnant woman to the child she bears. Most U.S. states require routine screening of women for syphilis during ... More


‘Conferring a Premium on the Destruction of Female Morals’: Fertility Control and Sexuality in the Early to Mid-Nineteenth Century

Hera Cook

in The Long Sexual Revolution: English Women, Sex, and Contraception 1800-1975

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199252183
eISBN:
9780191719240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252183.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter explores the interaction between the need for fertility control, male and female sexual desire, and the vulnerability created by the dependent economic status of mothers. In the 19th ... More


Arguments from Medical History and Demography

Robert Woods

in Death before Birth: Fetal Health and Mortality in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542758
eISBN:
9780191715358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542758.003.0007
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter makes and justifies a claim: medical and demographic histories are inseparable when fetal health and life chances are the subjects. It is argued that there was an improvement in the ... More


Musical Narratives of Disability Accommodated: Schubert

Joseph N. Straus

in Extraordinary Measures: Disability in Music

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199766451
eISBN:
9780199895007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766451.003.0004
Subject:
Music, Popular, Philosophy of Music

At roughly the same time, composers began also to suggest alternative narratives, in which the musical body accepts and accommodates the disabling, non-normative element. For Beethoven, disability ... More


Sexually Transmitted Infections among Gay and Bisexual Men

Ronald O. Valdiserri

in Unequal Opportunity: Health Disparities Affecting Gay and Bisexual Men in the United States

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301533
eISBN:
9780199863815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301533.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a overview of prevalent sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among gay and bisexual men. Descriptive epidemiology is presented for bacterial (gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia), ... More


Bloodborne and Sexually Transmitted Infections

Edward P. Richards III and Guthrie S. Birkhead

in Law in Public Health Practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301489
eISBN:
9780199863822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301489.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on legal tools for controlling sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and certain related bloodborne infections for which sexual transmission is important. It focuses on the ... More


Neighborhoods and Infectious Diseases

Mindy Thompson Fullilove

in Neighborhoods and Health

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195138382
eISBN:
9780199865505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195138382.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on a series of neighborhood-level social/structural processes that have influenced the spread of HIV, syphilis, gonorrhea, and tuberculosis in the United States. Through the lens ... More


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