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Literary and Linguistic Theories in Eighteenth-Century France: From Nuances to Impertinence

Edward Nye

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198160120
eISBN:
9780191673788
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198160120.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, Criticism/Theory

‘Linguistic’ theories in the 18th century are also theories of literature and art, and it is probably better, therefore, to think of them as ‘aesthetic’ theories. As such, they are answers to the ... More


A Millian Heir Rejects the Wages of Sinn (1990) *

Nathan Salmon

in Content, Cognition, and Communication: Philosophical Papers II

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284726
eISBN:
9780191713774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284726.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that in sharp contrast to established opinion, the linguistic evidence arising out of propositional-attitude attributions strongly supports Millianism (the doctrine that the ... More


Networks and Knowledge in Roget's Thesaurus

Werner Hüllen

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553235
eISBN:
9780191720352
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553235.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Lexicography

This book epitomizes the history of Roget's Thesaurus as the merger of a dictionary of synonyms and a topical, i.e. non-alphabetical, dictionary. It has all the linguistic features of a text. Its ... More


Roget's Thesaurus, Deconstructed

Werner Hüllen

in Networks and Knowledge in Roget's Thesaurus

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553235
eISBN:
9780191720352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553235.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Lexicography

Discussing synonyms started with Prodikos of Keos (c.470 bc), but modern research can be traced back to Abbé Gabriel Girard (1718). In the 18th century, there was a Europe-wide interest in the ... More


On Background Knowledge and Seriality

Werner Hüllen

in Networks and Knowledge in Roget's Thesaurus

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553235
eISBN:
9780191720352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553235.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Lexicography

Obviously, the human mind stores words in series. A typology of such is set up: strict seriality, natural seriality, script seriality, schematic seriality, semantic fields, frames, prototypical ... More


A Semantic Classification of Co-compounds

Bernhard Wälchli

in Co-Compounds and Natural Coordination

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276219
eISBN:
9780191706042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276219.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter presents a semantic classification of co-compounds based on the semantic relationship between parts and whole, drawing mainly on material from central Eurasian languages. A distinction ... More


“Truly Repay the Debt”: Aetius and Eunomius of Cyzicus

Andrew Radde‐Gallwitz

in Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa, and the Transformation of Divine Simplicity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199574117
eISBN:
9780191722110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574117.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

Chapter 4 examines the teaching on divine simplicity of Aetius and his disciple Eunomius of Cyzicus, the principal opponent of Basil and Gregory of Nyssa. An initial section looks at Aetius' claim ... More


Beyond Modality

Gillian Russell

in Truth in Virtue of Meaning: A Defence of the Analytic/Synthetic Distinction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199232192
eISBN:
9780191715907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232192.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

A final problem left over from the previous chapter is that of substantive necessity. How are we to distinguish substantively necessary sentences from analytic ones? This problem arises because we ... More


Definitions

Gillian Russell

in Truth in Virtue of Meaning: A Defence of the Analytic/Synthetic Distinction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199232192
eISBN:
9780191715907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232192.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Definitions have often thought to be crucial to the debate over the analytic/synthetic distinction. They have seemed to provide clear examples of synonymy which are well-entrenched in scientific and ... More


Semantic Analysis

Adrienne Lehrer

in Wine and Conversation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195307931
eISBN:
9780199867493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307931.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

A semantic theory must account for both how words are related to other words (intralinguistic connections) and how words connect to the world. Semantic field theory, which is appropriate for ... More


Quine on Doing Without Meaning

Anthony Quinton

in Of Men and Manners: Essays Historical and Philosophical

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694556
eISBN:
9780191731938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694556.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Quine's ‘Two Dogmas of Empiricism’ and ‘The Problem of Meaning in Linguistics’ treated meaning in a sceptical, dismissive fashion, in very much the same way that analytic philosophers themselves had ... More


A History of Roget's Thesaurus: Origins, Development, and Design

Werner Hüllen

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199254729
eISBN:
9780191719868
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254729.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

In 1852, Peter Mark Roget eclipsed a rich tradition of topically based dictionaries with the publication of his Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases, Classified and Arranged so as to Facilitate the ... More


Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought

R. J. Hankinson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246564
eISBN:
9780191597572
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246564.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In this book, R. J. Hankinson traces the history of investigation into the nature of cause and explanation, from the beginnings of Ancient Greek philosophy in 600 bc, through the Graeco‐Roman world, ... More


Mental Representation

Hartry Field

in Truth and the Absence of Fact

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242894
eISBN:
9780191597381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242895.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Argues for postulating an inner ‘language’ in which thinking takes place, and proposes a means by which this postulate can be construed on functionalist lines. The functional theory is a purely ... More


Deflationist Views of Meaning and Content

Hartry Field

in Truth and the Absence of Fact

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242894
eISBN:
9780191597381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242895.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Attempts to motivate and clarify a radically ‘deflationist’ view of the relations of ‘meaning that’ and ‘having the content that’, and to defend it against many of the arguments that are widely ... More


Attributions of Meaning and Content

Hartry Field

in Truth and the Absence of Fact

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242894
eISBN:
9780191597381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242895.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Is concerned with the special epistemological status possessed by attributions of meaning to sentences we understand: such attributions seem a priori, in a strong sense that includes empirical ... More


Disquotational Truth and Factually Defective Discourse

Hartry Field

in Truth and the Absence of Fact

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242894
eISBN:
9780191597381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242895.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Some discourse (e.g. involving vague or indeterminate terms, normative language, or conditionals) can seem ‘factually defective’: it generates issues about which there seems to be ‘no fact of the ... More


Meaning and Normativity

Allan Gibbard

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646074
eISBN:
9780191741968
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646074.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

The concepts of meaning and mental content resist naturalistic analysis and this, Kripke’s Wittgenstein suggests, is because these concepts are normative. The book draws, motivates, and sketches an ... More


The Plan of the Categories

Michael V. Wedin

in Aristotle's Theory of Substance: The Categories and Metaphysics Zeta

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253081
eISBN:
9780191598647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253080.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Wedin argues, against prevailing opinions, that Aristotle's account of homonymy, synonymy, and paronymy, with which the Categories begins, must be understood as an integral part of the treatise. The ... More


The Argument from Relatives

Gail Fine

in On Ideas: Aristotle's Criticism of Plato's Theory of Forms

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235491
eISBN:
9780191597398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235496.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Fine begins to examine the so‐called ‘More Accurate’ arguments, beginning with the Argument from Relatives. The Argument from Relatives is important for two reasons; it is the only argument that ... More


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