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Introduction

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

In a previous monograph, the authors described an experimental model of the 40 Hz oscillations produced in vivo by visual stimulation. The model involved tetanic stimulation of one or two sites in a ... More


Epilepsy

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

Epilepsy can be viewed from inter-related clinical and electrical/cellular points of view. Before and during a so-called electrographic seizure, neuronal events become both highly correlated ... More


Variations on the Einstein Theme

Harvey R. Brown

in Physical Relativity: Space-time structure from a dynamical perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275830
eISBN:
9780191603914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275831.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of Einstein's operationalism. It then discusses the clock hypothesis, the conventionality of distant simultaneity, David Malament's 1977 result, the ... More


Dynamics of Motor Cortical Networks: The Complementarity of Spike Synchrony and Firing Rate

Alexa Riehle, Sébastien Roux, Bjørg Elisabeth Kilavik, and Sonja Grün

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The temporal coding hypothesis suggests that not only changes in firing rate but also precise spike timing, especially synchrony, constitute an important part of the representational substrate for ... More


Universals Constrain Change; Change Results in Typological Generalizations

Paul Kiparsky

in Linguistic Universals and Language Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298495
eISBN:
9780191711442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298495.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter presents an absolute explanation for universal patterns. The following criteria should converge to identify true universals: (1) universals have no exceptions (for what does not arise by ... More


Auditory and Visual Segmentation

Stephen Handel

in Perceptual Coherence: Hearing and seeing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195169645
eISBN:
9780199786732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169645.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The proximal stimulation at ear and eye is neutral, the excitations from different sources are intermixed, and the excitations can be organized in several ways to yield different percepts. The ... More


Communication, Coordinated Action, and Focal Points in Groups: From Dating Couples to Emergency Responders

Andrea B. Hollingshead

in Then A Miracle Occurs: Focusing on Behavior in Social Psychological Theory and Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195377798
eISBN:
9780199864522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377798.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

One of the most important forms of social behavior is communication. In this chapter, the author discusses the importance of communication, which she defines broadly as involving both verbal and ... More


Synchronization by Oscillation

Buzsáki György

in Rhythms of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195301069
eISBN:
9780199863716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

Opposing forces and positive feedback are typically required for neuronal oscillations. Single neurons oscillate mainly because voltage-gated ion channels with opposite properties depolarize and ... More


Antigone, Antigone: Lacan and the Structure of the Law

Ahuvia Kahane

in Interrogating Antigone in Postmodern Philosophy and Criticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199559213
eISBN:
9780191594403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559213.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter considers the structure of ethical action in Sophocles' Antigone in the context of Lacan's key comments on the play and on the ethics of psychoanalysis, and with special attention to ... More


History and the Progress of the Consciousness of Freedom

Peter C. Hodgson

in Shapes of Freedom: Hegel's Philosophy of World History in Theological Perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199654956
eISBN:
9780191741333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654956.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Reason identifies the central theme of world history, which gives it meaning: ‘the progress of the consciousness of freedom’; and it articulates this theme in a threefold structure (using a ... More


The neural synchrony model of tinnitus

Jos J. Eggermont

in The Neuroscience of Tinnitus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199605606
eISBN:
9780191741555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605606.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

In humans with tinnitus, changes in the synchrony between neural activity recorded with scalp electrodes are found. This suggests that large-scale cortical networks show higher synchrony in the gamma ... More


Spatial structure

Russell Lande, Steinar Engen, and Bernt-Erik SÆther

in Stochastic Population Dynamics in Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525257
eISBN:
9780191584930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525257.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter reviews models of spatially subdivided populations with explicit stochastic dynamics of local populations. It considers metapopulation models for territorial and nonterritorial species. ... More


The Conscious Brain

Jesse Prinz

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195314595
eISBN:
9780199979059
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314595.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Synthesizing decades of research, this book advances a theory of the psychological and neurophysiological correlates of conscious experience. The first part of the book argues that consciousness ... More


Whence the Unity of Consciousness? Attentional Resonance

Jesse J. Prinz

in The Conscious Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195314595
eISBN:
9780199979059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314595.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter investigates the unity of consciousness. Two conscious states are unified if they are part of the same overarching state. If consciousness is engendered by attention, then two states are ... More


Coordinating Social Beings in Motion

Kerry L. Marsh

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter offers a body-movement-based account of how essential our bodies, embedded in a social environment, are to social interaction. Evidence suggests that multiple bodies in motion are ... More


Auditory Temporal Processing and its Disorders

Jos J. Eggermont

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198719090
eISBN:
9780191802232
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719090.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Sound is dynamic and as such has temporal and spectral content. The auditory system extracts the spectral aspects and the temporal ones in parallel in the cochlea and auditory nerve. For frequencies ... More


Neural synchrony and the unity of mind: a neurophenomenological perspective

Francisco J. Varela and Evan Thompson

in The Unity of Consciousness: Binding, Integration, and Dissociation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508571
eISBN:
9780191687358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508571.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter intends to present a fresh approach to research on neural synchrony and the unity of mind and consciousness through a consideration of the place of mind in the network of natural ... More


Inherent Biases in Spontaneous Cortical Dynamics

Chou P. Hung, Benjamin M. Ramsden, and Anna Wang Roe

in The Dynamic Brain: An Exploration of Neuronal Variability and Its Functional Significance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393798
eISBN:
9780199897049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393798.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Does visual perception begin with a ‘blank slate’? Is the activity of visual cortex ‘at rest’ composed of a random pattern of noisy neurons? Or is there structure inherent in the spontaneous activity ... More


Introduction: Some Concepts of Ancient Festivals

J. Rasmus Brandt and Jon W. Iddeng

in Greek and Roman Festivals: Content, Meaning, and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199696093
eISBN:
9780191745744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696093.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions, Archaeology: Classical

The introduction reflects on the methodological and theoretical approaches used by the authors in their discussions of ancient festivals. A few central dichotomous concepts structure the ... More


Content and Form: Some Considerations on Greek Festivals and Archaeology

J. Rasmus Brandt

in Greek and Roman Festivals: Content, Meaning, and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199696093
eISBN:
9780191745744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696093.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions, Archaeology: Classical

What can the material culture of Greek sanctuaries tell us on the one hand about ritual activities and on the other about civic concerns, social customs, and phenomena from which such activities ... More


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