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The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

D. D. Raphael

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book is a critical discussion of Adam Smith's moral philosophy set out in The Theory of Moral Sentiments: critical in the sense of combining exposition with a critical evaluation of Smith's ... More


Spectator Theory

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Explanation of moral judgement in terms of the feelings of spectators is found in Hutcheson and Hume as well as in Adam Smith. Smith's theory marks an advance on the other two.


Adam Smith and the Prospects for Moral Reflection in Enlightenment Thinking

James Halteman and Edd Noell

in Reckoning with Markets: The Role of Moral Reflection in Economics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199763702
eISBN:
9780199932252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199763702.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter begins with a description of changes that were occurring in the European world and the way they led to the Enlightenment climate of scientific discovery. Most of the chapter develops ... More


On Sympathy

Sophie Ratcliffe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199239870
eISBN:
9780191716799
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239870.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

What happens when we engage with fictional characters? What sort of cognitive activity and affective response does reading about imaginary figures involve? How do our imaginative engagements bear on ... More


Care Theory and Culture

Daniel Engster

in The Heart of Justice: Care ethics and Political Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199214358
eISBN:
9780191706684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214358.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores the cultural institutions and arrangements best suited for fostering in people a positive disposition toward caring, including the sentiments of sympathy and compassion. A brief ... More


 Feminist, Ecological, and Pastoral Explorations

Gloria L. Schaab

in Creative Suffering of the Triune God: An Evolutionary Theology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195329124
eISBN:
9780199785711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329124.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Chapter 6 contributes to the renaissance of a practical theology of Trinity by delineating some positive implications of its evolutionary theology of the suffering God for feminist, ecological, and ... More


Kinship

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

When do we care for others as we care for ourselves? William Hamilton showed that we should be expected to care for our family members in proportion to our degree of relationship to them. Such ... More


Ethics and Economics

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The 19th‐century controversy about ‘the Adam Smith problem’ concerned an alleged inconsistency between the Moral Sentiments and The Wealth of Nations about the motivation of actions. Interesting ... More


Moral Psychology

Russell Hardin

in David Hume: Moral and Political Theorist

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199232567
eISBN:
9780191715976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232567.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores Hume's moral theory. Topics discussed include Hume's claim that utility pleases, morality is a natural phenomenon arising from human psychology, the limited role of reason, ... More


Ordering 1

David Odden

in Rules, Constraints, and Phonological Phenomena

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226511
eISBN:
9780191710193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226511.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter explores some of the machinery available to OT to account for data which is explained by rule ordering and similar derivational devices. It shows that, well-intentioned desires to limit ... More


Hume’s Conservative Sentimentalism

Michael L. Frazer

in The Enlightenment of Sympathy: Justice and the Moral Sentiments in the Eighteenth Century and Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390667
eISBN:
9780199866687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390667.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Since reflective sentimentalism begins from the social-psychological forces which are responsible for our accepting the norms and standards that we do, one might reasonably worry that sentimentalism ... More


Adam Smith’s Liberal Sentimentalism

Michael L. Frazer

in The Enlightenment of Sympathy: Justice and the Moral Sentiments in the Eighteenth Century and Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390667
eISBN:
9780199866687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390667.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter elucidates the main ways in which Adam Smith’s sentimentalist theory of justice departs from Hume’s. It begins with an objection to grounding political commitments in sympathetic ... More


Understanding Sympathy and Sympathetic Understanding

Sophie Ratcliffe

in On Sympathy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199239870
eISBN:
9780191716799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239870.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

This chapter presents an overview of ideas of sympathy and empathy, and their relations with theology, from the late 19th century to the present day. Using The Tempest as a central example, it ... More


Emotion

Paul Woodruff

in The Necessity of Theater: The Art of Watching and Being Watched

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195332001
eISBN:
9780199868186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332001.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

The art of theater engages an audience through emotion by bringing them to care about the characters. Caring is not the same as sympathy. The absence of caring is boredom, which is fatal to theater. ... More


Empathy

Paul Woodruff

in The Necessity of Theater: The Art of Watching and Being Watched

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195332001
eISBN:
9780199868186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332001.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Good audiences bring a capacity for empathy to theater. “Empathy” is used for a variety of emotional responses to others, some of which are goals of the art of theater more than others. Some ... More


Eudaimonism

Fred Feldman

in What Is This Thing Called Happiness?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571178
eISBN:
9780191722547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571178.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Eudaimonism is the doctrine that welfare tracks happiness. Section 8.2 contains critical discussion of several proposed tests designed to help us to focus on the concept of welfare. The Crib Test and ... More


Gustav Holst: A Great Composer

David Manning

in Vaughan Williams on Music

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195182392
eISBN:
9780199851485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182392.003.0072
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Gustav Holst was a great composer, a great teacher, and a great friend. These are really different aspects of the same fact. It was his intense human sympathy that fostered his musical invention. In ... More


The Common Point of View

Rachel Cohon

in Hume's Morality: Feeling and Fabrication

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199268443
eISBN:
9780191708565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268443.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter addresses the question how an emotion-based theory of moral discrimination, one that in many ways assimilates moral cognition to color sensation, can explain the fundamental expectation ... More


Love's Mercifulness

M. Jamie Ferreira

in Love's Grateful Striving: A Commentary on Kierkegaard's Works of Love

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130256
eISBN:
9780199834181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130251.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The obligation to be merciful applies to poor and rich alike since mercy is distinguished from financial generosity. Material benevolence on the part of those who are well‐off is assumed – here the ... More


Newspapers and Public Opinion: Neutralizing Suicide?

R. A. Houston

in Punishing the Dead?: Suicide, Lordship, and Community in Britain, 1500-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199586424
eISBN:
9780191595356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586424.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Cultural History

Newspapers flourished in the eighteenth and early nineteenth century, apparently turning suicide into a mundane fact. In reality, newspapers seldom reported local suicides and then in negative ways. ... More


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