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Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley Faeth

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Symbiotic relationships between plants and fungi are extremely common in nature, ranging from highly parasitic to closely mutualistic. Grasses, which are common and ecologically important components ... More


Mushroom

Nicholas P. Money

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732562
eISBN:
9780199918515
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732562.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Mushrooms are the most wondrous inventions of the last billion years of evolutionary history on earth. Their overnight appearance is a pneumatic process, with the inflation of millions of preformed ... More


Introduction: The Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley H. Faeth

in Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Symbiotic associations between plants and fungi are very common in ecological communities. In grasses, the hyphae of endophytic fungi (Family Clavicipitaceae; Tribe Balansiae) can be found growing ... More


The Fabric of the Cosmos: The Emergence of New Creation in “Second Isaiah”

William P. Brown

in The Seven Pillars of Creation: The Bible, Science, and the Ecology of Wonder

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730797
eISBN:
9780199777075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730797.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Theology

In stark contrast to Ecclesiastes, Isaiah 40-55 provides a dynamic and open-ended picture of creation. This chapter examines certain passages from Second Isaiah that were evidently composed at the ... More


Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Jan Sapp

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book presents a history of the last two centuries of biology. It covers early evolutionary biology — Lamarck, Cuvier, Darwin, and Wallace through to Mayr and the neodarwinian synthesis — and ... More


Symbiomics

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the concept of symbiosis. Although the bacteria living in our bodies have recently begun to attract some medical interest, for most of the 20th century symbiosis research had ... More


The Mating System of Symbiotic Crustaceans: A Conceptual Model Based on Optimality and Ecological Constraints

J. Antonio Baeza and Martin Thiel

in Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter proposes a conceptual model predicting the mating system of symbiotic crustaceans. It assumes that males and females have different optimal mating strategies which they attempt to attain ... More


The Biology of Coral Reefs

Charles R. C. Sheppard, Simon K. Davy, and Graham M. Pilling

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198566359
eISBN:
9780191713934
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566359.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Coral reefs represent the most spectacular and diverse marine ecosystem on the planet as well as a critical source of protein and income for many millions of people. However, the combined effects of ... More


Symbiotic Interactions

Charles R. C. Sheppard, Simon K. Davy, and Graham M. Pilling

in The Biology of Coral Reefs

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198566359
eISBN:
9780191713934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566359.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Symbiosis, where different species live together for prolonged periods, is ubiquitous and extremely important in coral reefs. The most important symbiosis is between corals and the microalgae ... More


Critique of the Self-Nonself Theory

Thomas Pradeu and Elizabeth Vitanza

in The Limits of the Self: Immunology and Biological Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199775286
eISBN:
9780199932818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775286.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter offers a critique of the self-nonself theory. I first analyze data on autoreactivity and normal autoimmunity, in particular phagocytosis and regulatory cells, in order to reject the idea ... More


What Is an Organism? Immunity and the Individuality of the Organism

Thomas Pradeu and Elizabeth Vitanza

in The Limits of the Self: Immunology and Biological Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199775286
eISBN:
9780199932818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775286.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter raises a traditional philosophical question, that of the definition of the identity of a living thing, and asks whether immunology can shed light on it. The notion of biological identity ... More


The Constituents of Life 2: Organisms and Systems

John Dupré

in Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199691982
eISBN:
9780191738111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691982.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter develops the argument of Chapter 4. Further discussion of the importance of microbes leads to a stress on the importance and ubiquity of symbiosis. This, in turn, motivates the ... More


The Polygenomic Organism

John Dupré

in Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199691982
eISBN:
9780191738111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691982.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter follows up in more detail the topic of symbiosis introduced in Chapter 5. Contrary to the common assumption that an organism can be defined by the common genome sequence to be found in ... More


Metagenomics and Biological Ontology 1

Maureen A. O’Malley

in Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199691982
eISBN:
9780191738111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691982.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter takes up in detail the point from chapter 10 about the limitations of the standard view of microbes as solitary organisms. Most microbes in fact live in complex communities, such as ... More


Triumph of the Fungi

Nicholas P. Money

in Mushroom

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732562
eISBN:
9780199918515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732562.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides, Plant Sciences and Forestry

There are more than 16,000 species of mushrooms. These include species with familiar umbrella-shaped fruit bodies, brackets with gills, spines, and tubes, and others that bear spores on flattened ... More


The Complementarity Thesis

SIDNEY POLLARD

in Marginal Europe: The Contribution of Marginal Lands since the Middle Ages

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206385
eISBN:
9780191677106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206385.003.0006
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter holds that that margins are neither necessarily inferior nor superior, but are different and often fulfil a complementary role to the regions located in the ‘core’. It is possible to ... More


Everything Flows: Towards a Processual Philosophy of Biology

Daniel J. Nicholson and John Dupré (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198779636
eISBN:
9780191824685
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779636.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This collection of essays explores the metaphysical thesis that the living world is not ontologically made up of substantial particles or things, as has often been assumed, but is rather constituted ... More


The Italian Romance Epic in the Age of Humanism: The Matter of Italy and the World of Rome

Jane E. Everson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198160151
eISBN:
9780191716386
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198160151.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

The immense success of the Italian romance or chivalric epic between the mid-14th century and the 16th century constitutes a striking paradox. The flowering of the genre, between the composition of ... More


A Tale of Three German Cities

Oded Heilbronner

in Studies in Contemporary Jewry an Annual XV 1999

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195134681
eISBN:
9780199848652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134681.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter reviews the following books: German Politics and the Jews: Dusseldorf and Nuremberg, 1910–1933 by Anthony Kauders, Das Wahlverhalten der judischen Bevölkerung in der Weimarer Republik by ... More


Valuable Viruses

Frank P. Ryan

in Chimeras and Consciousness: Evolution of the Sensory Self

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015394
eISBN:
9780262312462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015394.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter introduces the viruses—biological entities so small they are not even selves. It analyzes how viruses, although not autopoietic entities nor alive, promote healthy life by engaging in ... More


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