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Making Public Places Safer: Surveillance and Crime Prevention

Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195326215
eISBN:
9780199943999
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The United Kingdom has more than 4.2 million public closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras—one for every fourteen citizens. Across the United States, hundreds of video-surveillance systems are ... More


Postscript

James D. Savage

in Making the EMU: The Politics of Budgetary Surveillance and the Enforcement of Maastricht

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199238699
eISBN:
9780191696770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238699.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Political Economy

This chapter considers the question of whether the Maastricht Treaty's surveillance process is sustainable despite member state noncompliant behaviour. The EU's answer to this question is one of ... More


Country default risk in emerging markets 1

Jerome L. Stein

in Stochastic Optimal Control, International Finance, and Debt Crises

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199280575
eISBN:
9780191603501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280576.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Early Warning Signals of a default or debt crisis are derived by drawing upon the stochastic optimal control model of an optimal and excessive short-term debt developed in chapter 2. Operational ... More


F.B. Eyes: How J. Edgar Hoover's Ghostreaders Framed African American Literature

William J. Maxwell

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691130200
eISBN:
9781400852062
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691130200.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Few institutions seem more opposed than African American literature and J. Edgar Hoover's Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). But behind the scenes, the FBI's hostility to black protest was ... More


The National Study of Health and Growth

Roberto Rona and Susan Chinn

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192629197
eISBN:
9780191723612
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629197.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The National Study of Health and Growth (NSHG) was a surveillance system of growth in primary school children of England and Scotland from 1972 to 1994. The system included a representative sample ... More


How Might Surveillance Measures Reduce Crime?

Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington

in Making Public Places Safer: Surveillance and Crime Prevention

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195326215
eISBN:
9780199943999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter investigates how surveillance measures can reduce crime. It explains that public-area surveillance falls under the category of situational-crime prevention, which stands apart from these ... More


Safer Streets, Safer Cities: Policy Choices for America

Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington

in Making Public Places Safer: Surveillance and Crime Prevention

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195326215
eISBN:
9780199943999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter explores key policy choices and challenges that U.S. cities face in the use of major forms of public-surveillance approaches such as closed-circuit television (CCTV) surveillance cameras ... More


Setting objectives and monitoring

Malcolm Ausden

in Habitat Management for Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198568728
eISBN:
9780191717529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568728.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses management/site action planning for habitat management: the process for deciding what you want to achieve, how to achieve it, and how to monitor whether you are achieving it. ... More


Governors of Internet

Lee A. Bygrave and Terje Michaelsen

in Internet Governance: Infrastructure and Institutions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199561131
eISBN:
9780191721199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561131.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology, Political Economy

This chapter describes the main organizations that are concerned directly with Internet governance. It outlines the relevant responsibilities and agendas of the respective organizations, together ... More


Government Surveillance

James B. Rule

in Privacy in Peril: How We Are Sacrificing a Fundamental Right in Exchange for Security and Convenience

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195307832
eISBN:
9780199944040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307832.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter discusses government surveillance. It emphasizes that whatever governments can do for their populations, they can also do against them. One good example is using surveillance systems as ... More


Social Communication About Specific Persons: Information Flow

Kenneth H. Craik

in Reputation: A Network Interpretation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195330922
eISBN:
9780199868292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330922.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter analyzes the ongoing social communication process through which news, observations, and impressions about an individual circulate along that person’s reputational network via chat, ... More


Technical Error: Measures of Life and Risk

Adriana Petryna

in Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151663
eISBN:
9781400845095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151663.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the sciences, politics, and international cooperations that informed Soviet state responses to the Chernobyl disaster and how they produced an image of control over ... More


Introduction

Shehzad Nadeem

in Dead Ringers: How Outsourcing Is Changing the Way Indians Understand Themselves

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147871
eISBN:
9781400836697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147871.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This book explores the paradoxical effects of globalization on young Indians employed in the outsourcing industry: they are reaping the benefits of the corporate search for cut-rate labor but also ... More


Windows Into the Soul: Surveillance and Society in an Age of High Technology

Gary T. Marx

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226285887
eISBN:
9780226286075
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226286075.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Queen Elizabeth (1503-1633) did not want “to make windows into men’s hearts and secret thoughts.” Yet as ruler she needed information about her subjects. Today’s surveillance society brings the same ... More


The Making of an Issue

James B. Rule

in Privacy in Peril: How We Are Sacrificing a Fundamental Right in Exchange for Security and Convenience

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195307832
eISBN:
9780199944040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307832.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter introduces the concept of privacy, which is defined as the exercise of a genuine option to withhold information on one's self. The discussion is concerned with the question of why people ... More


Voting, Welfare and Registration: The Strange Fate of the État-Civil in French Africa, 1945–1960

Frederick Cooper

in Registration and Recognition: Documenting the Person in World History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265314
eISBN:
9780191760402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265314.003.0016
Subject:
History, World Modern History

In 1946, the French constitution made colonial subjects in Africa into citizens. Having been content to rule ‘tribes’ via their ‘chiefs’, at that point it had to track individuals entitled to vote ... More


The Immune System and Cancer

William R. Clark

in In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Cancers arise as a result of mutations in genes controlling cell division. They may well arise in the body on a fairly frequent basis. Most or all cancers display information on their surface that ... More


A Life on Film

Ian Christie

in Mapping Lives: The Uses of Biography

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263181
eISBN:
9780191734595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263181.003.0017
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

During the twentieth century, the concept of ‘total’ representation emerged as an equivalent to Noël Burch's ‘Frankenstein complex’. ‘Total’ representation has taken on the form of omnipresent ... More


Varieties of Transparency

David Heald

in Transparency: The Key to Better Governance?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263839
eISBN:
9780191734915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263839.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Although the purpose of this chapter is to construct an anatomy of transparency, it is essential to address the triangular relationship between transparency, openness, and surveillance. The first ... More


Member-State Budgetary Transparency in the Economic and Monetary Union

James D. Savage

in Transparency: The Key to Better Governance?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263839
eISBN:
9780191734915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263839.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The Maastricht Treaty raised the standards for transparency in the European Union to new supranational levels. Prior to Maastricht, transparency in member-state budgeting depended largely upon ... More


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