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When Forethought and Outturn Part: Types of Unanticipated and Unintended Consequences

Perri 6

in Paradoxes of Modernization: Unintended Consequences of Public Policy Reform

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199573547
eISBN:
9780191722677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573547.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

To expect to find a theory to explain the causes of all and only unintended or unanticipated consequences is no more reasonable than hoping for a general theory of misfortunes. Yet something useful ... More


Conclusion: David and God, Odysseus and Athene: Character and Moral Universe

Paul Borgman

in David, Saul, and God: Rediscovering an Ancient Story

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331608
eISBN:
9780199868001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331608.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

For Homer's audience, the resourceful Odysseus—“known before all men for the study of crafty designs”—is predictable, always the same, always on brilliant display. David, on the other hand, remains ... More


 David Spares an Enemy, Three Times in a Row: Pattern 6

Paul Borgman

in David, Saul, and God: Rediscovering an Ancient Story

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331608
eISBN:
9780199868001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331608.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

In the middle of flight from Saul, which was explored in the prior chapter, David twice has the opportunity to take the king's life but does not do so. Between these paralleled scenes, David spares ... More


Alternative Viewpoint: Edwards and Beauty

Katalin G. Kállay

in Understanding Jonathan Edwards: An Introduction to America's Theologian

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195373431
eISBN:
9780199871681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373431.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The chapter reflects on Edwards’s “sense of the heart” by using the sense of smell, asks what is necessarily aesthetic, discusses the vulnerability of beauty, and comments on the experience of ... More


The Doctors: Medical Knowledge in the Canonization Process

Jacalyn Duffin

in Medical Miracles: Doctors, Saints, and Healing in the Modern World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195336504
eISBN:
9780199868612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336504.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The canonization process always sought the input of doctors wielding the most up-to-date diagnostic and therapeutic methods. Over time, the average number of physicians involved steadily increased. ... More


Decreasing Liability Contracts and the Assistant Interest

Robert D. Cooter and Ariel Porat

in Getting Incentives Right: Improving Torts, Contracts, and Restitution

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151595
eISBN:
9781400850396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151595.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter proposes a novel mechanism to solve the promisee's incentive problem: decreasing liability contracts. Compared to constant liability, a decreasing liability contract typically improves ... More


The Logical Antinomies of Knowledge

Herbert Gintis

in The Bounds of Reason: Game Theory and the Unification of the Behavioral Sciences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160849
eISBN:
9781400851348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160849.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

The critique of common knowledge of rationality (CKR) developed in the preceding chapters should convince researchers interested in explaining social reality to simply avoid the concept. The actual ... More


 Comparisons

Wolfgang Spohn

in The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199697502
eISBN:
9780191739323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697502.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

There is a large spectrum of representations of belief states besides probabilities and ranks. The chapter cannot give a complete survey, but it presents comparisons with a number of important ... More


Conspiracy

Stuart Carroll

in Blood and Violence in Early Modern France

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199290451
eISBN:
9780191710490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290451.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Counsel is one of the most important, least understood, and most elusive elements of politics in early modern France. Table talk in all households revolved around plots and schemes designed to ... More


Surprise: The Poetics of the Unexpected from Milton to Austen

Christopher R. Miller

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453694
eISBN:
9780801455780
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453694.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Today, in the era of the spoiler alert, “surprise” in fiction is primarily associated with an unexpected plot twist, but in earlier usage the word had darker and more complex meanings. Originally ... More


Dickinson’s Precarious Steps, Surprising Leaps, and Bounds

Maurice S. Lee

in Uncertain Chances: Science, Skepticism, and Belief in Nineteenth-Century American Literature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199797578
eISBN:
9780199932412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199797578.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

Dickinson’s approach to the limitations of knowledge can be understood in terms of probabilistic expectation, which has profound epistemological and aesthetic consequences for her poetry. As chance ... More


Language, Thought, and World

Ernie Lepore and Kirk Ludwig

in Donald Davidson: Meaning, Truth, Language, and Reality

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199251346
eISBN:
9780191602634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251347.003.0024
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Reviews a number of interconnected arguments concerned with the question whether the third person stance of the radical interpreter is conceptually basic in understanding language. These include ... More


The “Spiritual Healing Project”: A Study of the Meaning of Spiritual Healing in the United Church of Christ

Bobbie Mckay and Lewis A. Musil

in Religion and Healing in America

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195167962
eISBN:
9780199850150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167962.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter discusses the results of a 1995 study on the meaning of spiritual healing in mainstream religious congregations. The United Church of Christ (UCC) was selected for this study because of ... More


On Stage, Off Stage

David Maskell

in Racine

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198151616
eISBN:
9780191672774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198151616.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Drama, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This chapter discusses the entrances and exits which mark key junctures in a play. During the seventeenth century, the entrance and exit of characters created scene divisions. A new scene did not ... More


Waiting and Suddenness: The Part in Time

Simon Palfrey and Tiffany Stern

in Shakespeare in Parts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199272051
eISBN:
9780191699580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272051.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

It might be objected here and elsewhere that a ‘surprise’ can never work the same way twice; that if an actor is kept waiting for his cue unconscionably long, or if it comes suddenly in the middle of ... More


Promises, Promises

WALTER REDFERN

in French Laughter: Literary Humour from Diderot to Tournier

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199237579
eISBN:
9780191696749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237579.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

Humour and puns attract much snobbery and hypocrisy. Well-bred people frown at laughs as mere mouth-farts. Using Cross-Talk Acts (‘duo humoristique’) as an alternative title, this book promises a ... More


An Application

Timothy Williamson

in Knowledge and its Limits

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256563
eISBN:
9780191598678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925656X.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The idea of margin for error of principles is used to analyse the Surprise Examination Paradox. Although the pupils in the story know that there will be a surprise examination, they do not know that ... More


Formal Problems About Knowledge

Roy Sorensen

in The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130058
eISBN:
9780199833481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130057.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In ”Formal Problems about Knowledge,” Roy Sorensen examines epistemological issues that have logical aspects. He uses Fitch's proof for unknowables and the surprise test paradox to illustrate the ... More


Das Überraschende: Wittgenstein on the Surprising in Mathematics

Juliet Floyd

in Wittgenstein and the Philosophy of Mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199737666
eISBN:
9780199933372
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737666.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

This chapter explores the epistemic role that surprise and other psychological reactions play in mathematics. The chapter pursues the issue for its own sake, but also for its usefulness in ... More


Boiling of the Blood

Jenefer Robinson

in Deeper than Reason: Emotion and its Role in Literature, Music, and Art

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199263653
eISBN:
9780191603211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263655.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

William James argued that bodily changes are essential to an emotion; they are what put the ‘emotionality’ into emotion. There is good empirical evidence that some bodily responses are universal for ... More


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