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Self-Transformations: Foucault, Ethics, and Normalized Bodies

Cressida J. Heyes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195310535
eISBN:
9780199871445
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310535.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This book argues that we live in an age of somatic subjects, whose authentic identity must be represented through the body. When a perceived mismatch between inner self and outer form occurs, ... More


Algebraic and Geometric Surgery

Andrew Ranicki

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198509240
eISBN:
9780191708725
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509240.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This book is an introduction to surgery theory, the standard algebraic topology classification method for manifolds of dimension greater than 4. It is aimed at those who have already been on a basic ... More


 Treatment of Minors

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Cases illustrating variables relevant to decisions involving teenage pregnancy and motherhood, confidentiality, female genital surgery, and eating disorders are presented. For each topic, empirical ... More


 Research Issues

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Cases illustrating the exclusion of women in biomedical research, experimental treatment and maternal fetal surgery, human reproductive cloning, and embryonic stem cell research are presented. For ... More


 Neurosurgery, Psychosurgery, and Neurostimulation

Walter Glannon

in Bioethics and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195307788
eISBN:
9780199867431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307788.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines different forms of neurosurgery, psychosurgery, and neurostimulation for neurological and psychiatric disorders. It discusses the weighing of benefits and risks in determining ... More


Aesthetic Surgery, Aesthetic Ethics

Cressida J. Heyes

in Self-Transformations: Foucault, Ethics, and Normalized Bodies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195310535
eISBN:
9780199871445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310535.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter shows how cosmetic surgery has evolved to becoming regarded as part of the “normal” process in the quest for identity transformation, arguing that an inner self is externalized so that ... More


Surgical Palliative Care

Geoffrey P Dunn and Alan G Johnson (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198510000
eISBN:
9780191730184
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198510000.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This book describes the principles and practice of surgery in the context of palliative and supportive care. Surgery is often considered too invasive to be useful in palliation and clinicians ... More


The Miracles: Diseases, Corpses, and Other Wonders

Jacalyn Duffin

in Medical Miracles: Doctors, Saints, and Healing in the Modern World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195336504
eISBN:
9780199868612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336504.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

An exploration of the problems resolved miraculously. The vast majority are cures from illness. The diseases amendable to miracle cure change through time according to medical science. Some ... More


Magnetoencephalography-Based Source Imaging for Epilepsy and Language Localization

Robert C. Knowlton and Lawrence W. Ver Hoef

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

As long as valid assumptions can be made about a focal source, MEG can transform the challenge of EEG based 2D inference of lateralization or regional localization to 3D sublobar indication of ... More


Positron Emission Tomography: Glucose Metabolism Studies in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

Thomas R. Henry

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Epilepsy poses unique problems and opportunities for cerebral imaging with positron emission tomography (PET). After reviewing PET methods in epilepsy applications, this chapter addresses the ... More


Positron Emission Tomography: Glucose Metabolism in Extratemporal Lobe Epilepsy

Csaba Juhász and Harry T. Chugani

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The interictal FDG PET often shows focal cortical hypometabolism in patients with extratemporal epilepsy and can correctly regionalize neocortical epileptic foci in more than 2/3 of the cases, even ... More


Positron Emission Tomography: Brain Glucose Metabolism in Pediatric Epilepsy Syndromes

Aimee F. Luat and Harry T. Chugani

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The advent of positron emission tomography (PET) scanning using 2-deoxy-2-[18F] fluoro-D-glucose (FDG) has significantly improved our understanding of the pathomechanisms of different pediatric ... More


Alpha-[11C]Methyl-L-Tryptophan Positron Emission Tomography

Carlos E. A. Batista, Diane C. Chugani, and Harry T. Chugani

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Alpha[11C]Methyl-L-tryptophan (AMT) was developed initially as a tracer for positron emission tomography (PET) in order to measure brain serotonin synthesis, but subsequent studies have shown that it ... More


SPECT Scanning for Epileptic Seizures

R. Edward Hogan, Elson L. So, and Terence J. O’Brien

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

There is a long history of the association of cerebral blood flow changes during epileptic seizures. The advent of radiopharmaceutical agents to measure cerebral perfusion during seizures has enabled ... More


Post-surgical pain

Julie Bruce

in Chronic Pain Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199235766
eISBN:
9780191594816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235766.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a short overview of chronic pain associated with surgery and presents findings from epidemiological studies, mostly using examples from hernia, breast, and thoracic surgery. ... More


SURGERY ON MAPS

Andrew Ranicki

in Algebraic and Geometric Surgery

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198509240
eISBN:
9780191708725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509240.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This chapter gives the definition of a normal map. Killing elements in the relative homotopy group by surgery on a normal map is discussed. The kernel modulesand relative regular homotopy groups of ... More


THE ODD-DIMENSIONAL SURGERY OBSTRUCTION

Andrew Ranicki

in Algebraic and Geometric Surgery

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198509240
eISBN:
9780191708725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509240.003.0012
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This chapter provides the algebraic construction and geometric properties of the odd-dimensional surgery obstruction groups. It includes quadratic and kernel forms.


THE STRUCTURE SET

Andrew Ranicki

in Algebraic and Geometric Surgery

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198509240
eISBN:
9780191708725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509240.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This final chapter discusses the surgery exact sequence for the manifold structure set of a Poincaré complex, relating the homotopy theory to the surgery obstruction theory.


POINCARÉ DUALITY

Andrew Ranicki

in Algebraic and Geometric Surgery

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198509240
eISBN:
9780191708725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509240.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

Poincaré duality is an isomorphism between the homology and cohomology of a manifold. The chapter introduces the basic duality and the universal Poincaré duality for non-simply-connected manifolds ... More


Neurosurgery: From Cushing to Penfield

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter traces the development of neurosurgery. Neurosurgery did not begin to emerge as a specialty until around 1900. Harvey Cushing at Hopkins and Harvard led the way, based on meticulous ... More


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