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Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 1

Mark Timmons (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693269
eISBN:
9780191732058
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693269.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics aims to provide, on an annual basis, some of the best contemporary work in the field of normative ethical theory. Each volume features new essays that ... More


Commonsense Consequentialism: Wherein Morality Meets Rationality

Douglas W. Portmore

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794539
eISBN:
9780199919260
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794539.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Commonsense Consequentialism is a book about morality, rationality, and the interconnections between the two. In it, Douglas W. Portmore defends a version of consequentialism that both ... More


The Performance and Presentation of Obligations

Peter Liddel

in Civic Obligation and Individual Liberty in Ancient Athens

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199226580
eISBN:
9780191710186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226580.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter surveys the obligations of the citizen and the ways in which their performance was presented. The chapter opens with those domestic obligations of male and female Athenian citizens which ... More


Sheng聖/Sage

Stephen C. Angle

in Sagehood: The Contemporary Significance of Neo-Confucian Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195385144
eISBN:
9780199869756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385144.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter considers the concept and history of “sage” within Confucianism. It begins with an historical survey that shows how “sage (sheng)” evolves toward expressing the idea of human achievement ... More


The coherence of the Chalcedonian Definition of the incarnation 1

Richard Swinburne

in The Metaphysics of the Incarnation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199583164
eISBN:
9780191725647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583164.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The definition of the Council of Chalcedon provides the standard orthodox account of the incarnation of Jesus. This states that the Son, the second person of the Trinity, while remaining divine, ... More


Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 3

Mark Timmons (ed.)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199685905
eISBN:
9780191765803
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685905.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This series aims to provide, on an annual basis, some of the best contemporary work in the field of normative ethical theory. Each volume features new chapters that contribute to an understanding of ... More


Morality Under God

Richard Swinburne

in Responsibility and Atonement

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198248491
eISBN:
9780191598555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198248490.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The second part of this book (Chs. 8–12) applies the results of its first part about moral responsibility to traditional Christian doctrines. I assume that there is a God of the traditional kind who ... More


Meeting Needs and Doing Favors

Thomas E. Hill

in Human Welfare and Moral Worth: Kantian Perspectives

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252633
eISBN:
9780191597695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252637.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This essay, responding to recent work of David Cummiskey and Barcia Baron, defends the thesis that imperfect duty of beneficence in Kant's The Metaphysics of Morals is a rather minimal, indeterminate ... More


Community and Virtue

Lawrence Blum

in How Should One Live?: Essays on the Virtues

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198752349
eISBN:
9780191597251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198752342.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Distinguishes several different kinds of connection between community and virtue—sustaining, content providing, agency constituting, worth defining, and others—using as a reference point MacIntyre's ... More


Supererogation, Obligation, and Intransitivity

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Returns to a problem first raised in Ch. 8, namely, reconciling the existence of prerogatives not to maximize overall good (allowing for some such acts to be supererogatory) with restrictions on the ... More


The Virtues

Julia Annas

in The Morality of Happiness

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096521
eISBN:
9780199833061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096525.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Virtue in ancient ethics is discussed from several perspectives. Virtues are dispositions with an affective aspect, involving the emotions, and an intellectual aspect, involving the development of ... More


The (Not So) Imperfect Duty of Beneficence

David Cummiskey

in Kantian Consequentialism

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195094534
eISBN:
9780199833146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195094530.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Kant's own application of the categorical imperative reflects his strong deontological intuitions. Unfortunately, Kant's own interpretation of the limits on the duty of beneficence, and his various ... More


Prudence, Morality and Supererogation

R. M. Hare

in Moral Thinking: Its Levels, Method, and Point

Published in print:
1981
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198246602
eISBN:
9780191597596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198246609.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The relationship between morality and prudence and the extent to which a proper utilitarian account can accommodate acts of supererogation is examined. There are prudential principles that coincide ... More


Permissions To Do Less Than the Best: A Moving Band 1

Thomas Hurka and Esther Shubert

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses two topics: the basis of agent-relative permissions to produce less than the best outcome, and the relation between them and the partialist view that you have stronger duties ... More


Supererogation, inside and out: Toward an adequate scheme for common-sense morality 1

Paul McNamara

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 1

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693269
eISBN:
9780191732058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693269.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

It is often assumed that 1) supererogation entails praiseworthiness, and 1) is even encoded in what has been called the “standard analysis” of supererogatory acts as acts that are optional and ... More


Dual-Ranking Act-Consequentialism: Reasons, Morality, and Overridingness

Douglas W. Portmore

in Commonsense Consequentialism: Wherein Morality Meets Rationality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794539
eISBN:
9780199919260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794539.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter argues that in order to accommodate many typical agent-centered options and to resolve the paradox of supererogation, we should accept that non-moral reasons can, and sometimes do, ... More


Passing the Deontic Buck *

Matt Bedke

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics: Volume 6

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199606375
eISBN:
9780191729478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606375.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores buck-passing analyses of deontic properties in terms of reasons. The preferred analysis is that the permissibility / impermissibility / optionality / requiredness /etc. of some ... More


Supererogation and Virtue

Roger Crisp

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 3

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199685905
eISBN:
9780191765803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685905.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter concerns whether the best account of virtue will involve the idea that an agent can ‘go beyond’ duty in a morally praiseworthy way. The chapter begins by outlining Henry Sidgwick’s view ... More


The Weight of Moral Reasons

Ralph Wedgwood

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 3

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199685905
eISBN:
9780191765803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685905.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Most of us believe the following two theses: (i) we are all subject to non-trivial moral requirements; and (ii) whenever we are subject to a moral requirement, we have overriding or compelling reason ... More


How Important Is Morality?

Michael Slote

in From Enlightenment to Receptivity: Rethinking Our Values

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199970704
eISBN:
9780199333301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199970704.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Both Kantianism and care ethics treat morality as important in itself, whereas recent forms of consequentialism deemphasize morality by treating moral considerations as fungible within the totality ... More


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