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The Definition of Subsidy and State Aid: WTO and EC Law in Comparative Perspective

Luca Rubini

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199533398
eISBN:
9780191714740
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533398.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, EU Law

This book presents a conceptual framework for analysing the definitions of State aid and subsidy in EC and WTO law. This is done through a comparative analysis, examining the coherence of the ... More


Trade Policy and Economic Welfare

W. Max. Corden

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198775348
eISBN:
9780191715471
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198775342.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Expounds the normative theory of trade policy and sets out a framework for analysing trade and other intervention policies in the presence of domestic distortions. It includes discussion of static ... More


The Standard

David M. Kreps

in Game Theory and Economic Modelling

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283812
eISBN:
9780191596568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283814.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Argues that, for purposes of this book, game theory should be judged by the substantive insights it has (or has not) provided into real economic situations.


Conclusion

Mario Mazzocchi, W. Bruce Traill, and Jason F. Shogren

in Fat Economics: Nutrition, Health, and Economic Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199213856
eISBN:
9780191695902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213856.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This final chapter summarizes the evidence and identifies remaining questions. It argues that obesity policy is as much a question of social choice as of biology. It gives the key points raised by ... More


Rationalized Production:: Mechanization, Automation, Robotization

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Mechanization — a key trend of pre-WWI technical advances — intensified in all industrial sectors and reached new levels with automation and robotization after WWII. Major advances made in coal ... More


Soft Innovation and Government Policy

Paul Stoneman

in Soft Innovation: Economics, Product Aesthetics, and the Creative Industries

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572489
eISBN:
9780191722257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572489.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter considers policy issues. Given the potential benefits of soft innovation it is natural to consider whether government can speed up or extend such activity. However, this is not ... More


Impacts of Macroeconomic Policies on the Environment, Natural Resources, and Welfare in Developing Countries

López Ramón and Michael A. Toman

in Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability: New Policy Options

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199298006
eISBN:
9780191603877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199298009.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses relationships between the macro economy and economic policy, and the environmental and resource situation in developing countries. It focuses on the distortive effects of ... More


 Market‐Based Environmental Policies: What Can We Learn from U.S. Experience (and Related Research)?

Robert Stavins

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay traces the history of market mechanisms and describes their theoretical advantages over prescriptive regulation. It gives an overview of the lessons learned about market instruments thus ... More


 Subsidies! The Other Incentive‐Based Instrument: The Case of the Conservation Reserve Program

Hongli Feng, Catherine Kling, Lyubov Kurkalova, and Silvia Secchi

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay studies a very large and important example of an environmental subsidy program — the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). The CRP was introduced in 1985. It investigates how much less ... More


Guiding the Digital Revolution: Is European Technology Policy Misguided?

Xiudian Dai

in Leaderless Europe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199535026
eISBN:
9780191715860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535026.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

The Commission promotes a competitive technology and related industrial policy through its coordination Framework Programmes. Commission funding is concentrated on a variety of Information Society ... More


Small Firms and Made in Italy

Francesca Carnevali

in Europe's Advantage: Banks and Small Firms in Britain, France, Germany, and Italy since 1918

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199257393
eISBN:
9780191603846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257396.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter considers the reasons behind successive Italian governments’ decision to continue their support of small firms after 1945, and how this has shaped the structure of the economy. The ... More


Lessons from the Crisis

Jean Tirole

in Balancing the Banks: Global Lessons from the Financial Crisis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145235
eISBN:
9781400834648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145235.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter aims to contribute to the debate on financial system reform. The first part describes what is perceived to be a massive regulatory failure, a breakdown that goes all the way from ... More


Policy Reforms

Johan F. M. Swinnen

in From Marx and Mao to the Market: The Economics and Politics of Agricultural Transition

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288915
eISBN:
9780191603518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288917.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines how different reforms were chosen and implemented in various transition countries. It focuses on price and subsidy policy reform, property rights reform and farm restructuring, ... More


The Effects of the Reforms

Johan F. M. Swinnen

in From Marx and Mao to the Market: The Economics and Politics of Agricultural Transition

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288915
eISBN:
9780191603518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288917.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explains the effects of the different reforms which were chosen and implemented in various transition countries. It provides evidence on the effects of price and subsidy policy reform, ... More


The Israeli Software Industry

Dan Breznitz

in From Underdogs to Tigers: The Rise and Growth of the Software Industry in Brazil, China, India, Ireland, and Israel

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199275601
eISBN:
9780191705823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275601.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter argues that the software industry in Israel evolved as a second IT industry following the successful development of the hardware sector. The main competitive advantage that enabled the ... More


Government Paternalism: Nanny State or Helpful Friend?

Julian Le Grand and BILL New

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164373
eISBN:
9781400866298
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164373.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Should governments save people from themselves? Do governments have the right to influence citizens' behavior related to smoking tobacco, eating too much, not saving enough, drinking alcohol, or ... More


The Identification of the Beneficiaries

Luca Rubini

in The Definition of Subsidy and State Aid: WTO and EC Law in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199533398
eISBN:
9780191714740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533398.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, EU Law

This chapter examines the issue of the identification of the beneficiaries, i.e., the persons that benefit from the advantage granted through the subsidy or State aid. After a few introductory ... More


Industrial R&D Policy in Norway: Who Gets the Funding and What are the Effects?

Tommy H. Clausen

in Innovation, Path Dependency, and Policy: The Norwegian Case

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199551552
eISBN:
9780191720819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551552.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, Innovation

This chapter presents an empirical analysis of contemporary Norwegian innovation policy with a particular emphasis on research and development (R&D). It investigates whether and to what extent the ... More


Industrial Policy in Twentieth Century Britain

Geoffrey Owen

in Business in Britain in the Twentieth Century: Decline and Renaissance?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199226009
eISBN:
9780191710315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226009.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

The history of British industrial policy since the Second World War falls into two distinct periods, with the dividing line being the election of Margaret Thatcher as Prime Minister in May 1979. In ... More


WTO Rules for Agricultural Trade: GATT 1947 and the URAA

Carsten Daugbjerg and Alan Swinbank

in Ideas, Institutions, and Trade: The WTO and the Curious Role of EU Farm Policy in Trade Liberalization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199557752
eISBN:
9780191721922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557752.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 3 begins by accounting for the roots of agricultural exceptionalism in the GATT, and shows how it was spelt out in GATT trade rules. The remainder of the chapter examines the specific ... More


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