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What Is This Thing Called Happiness?

Fred Feldman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571178
eISBN:
9780191722547
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571178.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book is a philosophical study of the nature and value of happiness. Part I is devoted to critical discussion of the most important theories about the nature of happiness, understood as some sort ... More


Measuring Functionings

Jonathan Wolff and Avner De-Shalit

in Disadvantage

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199278268
eISBN:
9780191707902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278268.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In the previous chapter, it was assumed that it is possible to measure the functioning level of each representative individual for each functioning. This chapter explores how and why such measurement ... More


Subjective Consciousness: A Self-Representational Theory

Uriah Kriegel

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570355
eISBN:
9780191721625
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570355.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Some mental events are conscious, some are unconscious. What is the difference between the two? This book offers an answer. It attempts to develop a comprehensive theory of the feature that all and ... More


The Plural Subject Theory of Political Obligation

Margaret Gilbert

in A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199274956
eISBN:
9780191603976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274959.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The plural subject theory of political obligation is brought up against the tests proposed in Chapter 3, and compared and contrasted with several other theories, including those that invoke ... More


The Book of Evidence

Peter Achinstein

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143898
eISBN:
9780199833023
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143892.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

What is required for a fact to be evidence for a hypothesis? In this book Achinstein introduces four concepts of evidence, which he calls potential, veridical, epistemic‐situation, and subjective. He ... More


Objections to Actual Contract Theory

Margaret Gilbert

in A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199274956
eISBN:
9780191603976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274959.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In spite of its long history and evident appeal, an actual contract theory of political obligation now tends to be rejected. This chapter focuses on two standard objections to the theory, the ... More


 Descendants of a Faithful Ancestor: Hoi Ek Pisteōs

Caroline Johnson Hodge

in If Sons, Then Heirs: A Study of Kinship and Ethnicity in the Letters of Paul

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182163
eISBN:
9780199785612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182163.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter demonstrates that Paul uses the phrases ek pisteos (literally “out of faithfulness”) and hoi ek pisteos (literally “those out of faithfulness”) to create a new discourse of kinship for ... More


Statistical Thought: A Perspective and History

Shoutir Kishore Chatterjee

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198525318
eISBN:
9780191711657
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525318.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

The book examines the distinguishing features of the various contending approaches to statistical inference (including decision-making) that are currently available in statistical literature, and ... More


Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Mark Timmons (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics aims to provide, on an annual basis, some of the best contemporary work in the field of normative ethical theory. Each volume features new essays that ... More


Subjective Probabilities in Medical Diagnosis

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that computer-aided medical diagnosis can become an effective and economically feasible tool through the routine use of appropriately obtained physician estimates of likelihoods. ... More


Become a Skillful and Critical Researcher

Natasha K. Bowen and Shenyang Guo

in Structural Equation Modeling

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195367621
eISBN:
9780199918256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367621.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter distills elements of the best practices highlighted in previous chapters and provides concluding remarks about how to become a skillful and critical researcher with structural equation ... More


BEGINNING OF THE PRO-SUBJECTIVE APPROACH

Shoutir Kishore Chatterjee

in Statistical Thought: A Perspective and History

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198525318
eISBN:
9780191711657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525318.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

Around the middle of the 18th century, Bayes conceived the idea of treating an unknown parameter as a subjective random variable distributed according to a prior, and inferring about it from its ... More


Selected Cognitive and Affective Strengths: Potential PsyCap?

Fred Luthans, Carolyn M. Youssef, and Bruce J. Avolio

in Psychological Capital: Developing the Human Competitive Edge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187526
eISBN:
9780199789863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187526.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter examines the potentially best fitting cognitive and affective positive capacities for being included in the future. Specifically, cognitively-oriented creativity and wisdom, and the ... More


Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 1

Mark Timmons (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693269
eISBN:
9780191732058
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693269.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics aims to provide, on an annual basis, some of the best contemporary work in the field of normative ethical theory. Each volume features new essays that ... More


The Insecurity State: Vulnerable Autonomy and the Right to Security in the Criminal Law

Peter Ramsay

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199581061
eISBN:
9780191741005
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581061.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book presents a theory of the recent emergence of a right to security and of its protection by the criminal law in the UK. It states that the protection of such a right makes sense of the ... More


A Search for Objective Knowledge

Antulio J. Echevarria II

in Clausewitz and Contemporary War

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199231911
eISBN:
9780191716171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231911.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses Clausewitz's purpose in writing On War. He attempted to construct a body of objective (verifiable) knowledge, a theory, of war. He hoped others might use this theory as a basis ... More


Meditation and Modernity

David L. McMahan

in The Making of Buddhist Modernism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195183276
eISBN:
9780199870882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183276.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

The meaning, purpose, and social significance of Buddhist meditation has changed in important ways due to its encounter with modernity. While often seen as the central practice of Buddhism, it has in ... More


The Gray World of Practical Data Analysis: An Introduction to Part 2

Gidon Eshel

in Spatiotemporal Data Analysis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128917
eISBN:
9781400840632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128917.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter provides an overview of the second part of the book. This part is the crux of the matter: how to analyze actual data. While this part builds on Part 1, especially on linear algebra ... More


 Keeping Up to Date

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter is about Bayesian decision theory. It explains why game theorists model players' beliefs using subjective probability distributions, and how these beliefs are updated using Bayes' rule ... More


Awareness and Change

Webb Keane

in Ethical Life: Its Natural and Social Histories

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691167732
eISBN:
9781400873593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167732.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses the idea of ethical history, looking at situations in which hitherto taken-for-granted aspects of everyday life came to be the focus of attention, such as feminist ... More


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