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Political Methodology: An Overview

John E. Jackson

in A New Handbook of Political Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294719
eISBN:
9780191599361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294719.003.0032
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Reviews methodological techniques available across the discipline of political science. Econometrics and political science methods include structural equation estimations, time‐series analysis, and ... More


Structural Equation Modeling

Natasha K. Bowen and Shenyang Guo

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195367621
eISBN:
9780199918256
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367621.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) has long been used in social work research, but the writing on the topic is typically fragmented and highly technical. The chapters demonstrate two SEM programs ... More


Causal Interpretation in Structural Models

James Woodward

in Making Things Happen: A Theory of Causal Explanation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195155273
eISBN:
9780199835089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155270.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter applies the ideas about intervention and invariance developed in previous chapters to so-called causal models of the sort used in the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Both ... More


Determining Sample Size: Balancing Power, Precision, and Practicality

Patrick Dattalo

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195315493
eISBN:
9780199865475
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315493.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Sample size determination is an important and often difficult step in planning an empirical study. From a statistical perspective, sample size depends on the following factors: type of analysis to be ... More


Structural Equation Modeling Concepts

Natasha K. Bowen and Shenyang Guo

in Structural Equation Modeling

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195367621
eISBN:
9780199918256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367621.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter discusses a number of theoretical and statistical concepts and principles that are central to SEM. It introduces SEM notation and equations in the context of more familiar graphics and ... More


General Structural Equation Models

Natasha K. Bowen and Shenyang Guo

in Structural Equation Modeling

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195367621
eISBN:
9780199918256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367621.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter describes how social workers use general structural equation models (general SEMs) and explains how to specify and test them. General SEMs include the measurement model of latent ... More


Become a Skillful and Critical Researcher

Natasha K. Bowen and Shenyang Guo

in Structural Equation Modeling

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195367621
eISBN:
9780199918256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367621.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter distills elements of the best practices highlighted in previous chapters and provides concluding remarks about how to become a skillful and critical researcher with structural equation ... More


Research Strategies in the Social Sciences: A Guide to New Approaches

Elinor Scarbrough and Eric Tanenbaum (eds)

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292371
eISBN:
9780191600159
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292376.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

This volume is a collection of commissioned articles by 16 experts in social science methodology, each contribution introducing experienced social scientists to more advanced analytic techniques. The ... More


RECURSIVE CAUSALITY

Jon Williamson

in Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530794
eISBN:
9780191712982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

The framework developed thus far in the book is extended to cope with the situation in which causal relations themselves are causes or effects. Examples of this phenomenon are presented and the ... More


The structural theory of causation

Judea Pearl

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0033
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter presents a general theory of causation based on the Structural Causal Model (SCM) described by Pearl (2000a). The theory subsumes and unifies current approaches to causation, including ... More


The HP Definition of Causality

Joseph Y. Halpern

in Actual Causality

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035026
eISBN:
9780262336611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035026.003.0002
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

Three variants of a definition of actual causality are introduced. These definition uses structural equations to model counterfactuals. The definition is shown to yield a plausible and elegant ... More


Introduction

Natasha K. Bowen and Shenyang Guo

in Structural Equation Modeling

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195367621
eISBN:
9780199918256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367621.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This introductory chapter first sets out the purpose of the book, which is to serve as a concise practical guide for the informed and responsible use of structural equation modeling (SEM). It is ... More


Introduction

Donna Harrington

in Confirmatory Factor Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195339888
eISBN:
9780199863662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339888.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter discusses the major uses of confirmatory factor analysis including measurement development, psychometric evaluation of measures, construct validation, testing method effects, and testing ... More


Measurement Models

Natasha K. Bowen and Shenyang Guo

in Structural Equation Modeling

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195367621
eISBN:
9780199918256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367621.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter describes when and how to conduct a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). CFA is a step in the scale development process, and it is also the first step in testing structural models. ... More


Extracting brain connectivity

Christian Büchel and Karl Friston

in Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging: An Introduction to Methods

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192630711
eISBN:
9780191724770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630711.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter shows that new methods for measuring effective connectivity allow us to characterize the interactions between brain regions which underlie the complex interactions among different ... More


Structural Equation Modeling

Peter Miksza and Kenneth Elpus

in Design and Analysis for Quantitative Research in Music Education

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199391905
eISBN:
9780199391943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199391905.003.0014
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition, Performing Practice/Studies

This chapter presents structural equation modeling as a tool for conducting research regarding how collections of variables may be related to each other as well as to a particular outcome or even ... More


The Influence of Within-School Context on the Subjective Experience of Victimization: Safety, Violence as a Problem, and School Nonattendence Due to Fear

Rami Benbenishty and Ron Avi Astor

in School Violence in Context: Culture, Neighborhood, Family, School, and Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195157802
eISBN:
9780199864393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157802.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

This chapter presents structural equation models of how school context variables (risky peer behaviors, school policies, teachers' support and student participation) combined with victimization lead ... More


Evaluating and Improving CFA and General Structural Models

Natasha K. Bowen and Shenyang Guo

in Structural Equation Modeling

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195367621
eISBN:
9780199918256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367621.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Sometimes instead of getting results when they run an SEM analysis, researchers are confronted with discouraging messages about programming errors, data problems, or other causes of estimation ... More


Statistical Power Analysis

Patrick Dattalo

in Determining Sample Size: Balancing Power, Precision, and Practicality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195315493
eISBN:
9780199865475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315493.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter provides a brief description of the rationale and limitations of statistical power analysis, and presents important issues related to determining sample size for both commonly used and ... More


Can Structural Equations Explain How Mechanisms Explain?

Nancy Cartwright

in Making a Difference: Essays on the Philosophy of Causation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198746911
eISBN:
9780191809132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746911.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

In ‘The Causal Structure of Mechanisms’, Peter Menzies develops a structural equations account of mechanism to show how mechanisms explain causal regularities. This chapter distinguishes two senses ... More


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