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Graphical and Statistical Methods

William R. Nugent

in Analyzing Single System Design Data

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195369625
eISBN:
9780199865208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369625.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

In this chapter a number of methods that make use of both graphical procedures and statistical methods are described and illustrated. Methods such as trend lines, median lines, and graphical ... More


Computational Molecular Evolution

Ziheng Yang

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198567028
eISBN:
9780191728280
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567028.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The field of molecular evolution has experienced explosive growth in recent years due to the rapid accumulation of genetic sequence data, continuous improvements to computer hardware and software, ... More


Statistical Methods for Diffusion Data

William Hoppitt and Kevin N. Laland

in Social Learning: An Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods, and Models

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150703
eISBN:
9781400846504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150703.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter describes statistical methods for inferring and quantifying social transmission in groups of animals in the wild, or in “captive” groups of animals in naturalistic social environments. ... More


An Introduction to Quantitative Methods Especially Relevant for Public Mental Health

Elizabeth A. Stuart, Jeannie-Marie S. Leoutsakos, Alden L. Gross, S. Janet Kuramoto, and William W. Eaton

in Public Mental Health

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195390445
eISBN:
9780199950416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390445.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter provides a brief introduction to some of the epidemiologic and statistical methods for and challenges to gathering and analyzing the data that underlie the research presented in this ... More


Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

Željko Ivezic, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151687
eISBN:
9781400848911
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

As telescopes, detectors, and computers grow ever more powerful, the volume of data at the disposal of astronomers and astrophysicists will enter the petabyte domain, providing accurate measurements ... More


Functional Divergence after Gene Duplication: Statistical Modeling

Xun Gu

in Statistical Theory and Methods for Evolutionary Genomics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199213269
eISBN:
9780191594762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213269.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Many organisms have undergone genome-wide or local chromosome duplication events during their evolution. As a result, many genes are represented as several paralogs in the genome with related but ... More


Causal Mechanisms and Process Tracing

Gary Goertz and James Mahoney

in A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149707
eISBN:
9781400845446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149707.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines how the qualitative and quantitative research traditions empirically assess theories about mechanisms when making causal inferences. In the qualitative paradigm, researchers ... More


Stochastic Population Dynamics in Ecology and Conservation

Russell Lande, Steinar Engen, and Bernt-Erik Saether

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525257
eISBN:
9780191584930
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525257.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

All populations fluctuate stochastically, creating a risk of extinction that does not exist in deterministic models, with fundamental consequences for both pure and applied ecology. This book ... More


Introduction

William Hoppitt and Kevin N. Laland

in Social Learning: An Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods, and Models

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150703
eISBN:
9781400846504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150703.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This book explores social learning concepts and methods as well as new developments in the field. These methods include: experimental and statistical methods that allow researchers to categorize ... More


Combining results from several studies: systematic review and meta-analysis

J. Mark Elwood

in Critical Appraisal of Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198529552
eISBN:
9780191723865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529552.003.08
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter is divided into two parts. The first part discusses systematic reviews and the role of meta-analysis. The second part presents the most widely used statistical methods for meta-analysis ... More


The Production of Knowledge

William H. Starbuck

in The Production of Knowledge: The Challenge of Social Science Research

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199288533
eISBN:
9780191700521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288533.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Knowledge Management

Because social science research has a low utilitarian value, little attention is given to such research and social scientists are probably receiving a lot less respect than they deserve. Higher ... More


Social Learning Strategies

William Hoppitt and Kevin N. Laland

in Social Learning: An Introduction to Mechanisms, Methods, and Models

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150703
eISBN:
9781400846504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150703.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter focuses on social learning strategies—functional rules specifying what, when, and who to copy. There are many plausible social learning strategies. Individuals might disproportionately ... More


Event Time Analysis

Ezra Susser, Sharon Schwartz, Alfredo Morabia, and Evelyn J. Bromet

in Psychiatric Epidemiology: Searching for the Causes of Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195101812
eISBN:
9780199864096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195101812.003.26
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes statistical methods for taking account of unequal attrition, that is, different follow-up times across exposed and unexposed groups in a cohort study. It considers methods for ... More


Measuring Catholic Faith in Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Northeast China

Ji Li

in In God’s Empire: French Missionaries and the Modern World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195396447
eISBN:
9780199979318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396447.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Religion, World Modern History

This chapter explores how missionaries, starting in the mid-nineteenth century, developed a method for assessing the degree of faith of Christians in communities in Manchuria. Far from being a ... More


Epidemiological methods: a view from the Americas

Eduardo L. Franco, Salaheddin M. Mahmud, and Andrew G. Dean

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the history of epidemiological methods. It provides a personal account of how the three authors view the evolution of study designs, statistical methodology, and the ... More


Statistics and Scientific Method: An Introduction for Students and Researchers

Peter J. Diggle and Amanda G. Chetwynd

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199543182
eISBN:
9780191774867
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543182.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Biostatistics

An antidote to technique-oriented service courses, this book studiously avoids the recipe-book style and keeps algebraic details of specific statistical methods to the minimum extent necessary to ... More


Critical Appraisal of Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials

Mark Elwood

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198529552
eISBN:
9780191723865
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529552.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book presents a logical system of critical appraisal, and facilitates studies to be evaluated and carried out effectively. This system emphasizes the central importance of cause and effect ... More


Statistical considerations in intergenerational studies

Dorothea Nitsch and Gita D Mishra

in Family matters: Designing, analysing and understanding family based studies in life course epidemiology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231034
eISBN:
9780191723841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231034.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Intergenerational data necessarily reflect the time and place that the different generations of participants were living in. This chapter aims first to introduce simple concepts to provide an ... More


Family matters: Designing, analysing and understanding family based studies in life course epidemiology

Deborah A. Lawlor and Gita D. Mishra (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231034
eISBN:
9780191723841
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231034.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Family based studies, including intergenerational, sibling and twin studies, are increasingly used to explore life course epidemiology. However, understanding the underlying assumptions of these ... More


Trial-by-trial data analysis using computational models: (Tutorial Review)

Nathaniel D. Daw

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Researchers have recently begun to integrate computational models into the analysis of neural and behavioural data, particularly in experiments on reward learning and decision making. This chapter ... More


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