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Launching the Century of the Patient

Gerd Gigerenzer and J. A. Muir Gray

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Efficient health care requires informed doctors and patients. The health care system inherited from the 20th century falls short on both counts. Many doctors and most patients do not understand the ... More


Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Gerd Gigerenzer and J.A. Muir Gray (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Contrary to popular opinion, one of the main problems in providing uniformly excellent health care is not lack of money but lack of knowledge—on the part of both doctors and patients. The studies in ... More


The Chasm between Evidence and Practice: Extent, Causes, and Remedies

Richard S. W. Smith

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Studies consistently show that health care practitioners are poor at processing statistical information on risk. Indeed, almost everybody in health care, apart from a few people with advanced ... More


Statistical Illiteracy in Journalism: Are Its Days Numbered?

Bruce Bower

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

At a time when financial pressures and a digital revolution threaten the survival of many media outlets, a focus on statistical literacy can improve health and medical reporting and perhaps foster ... More


Helping Doctors and Patients Make Sense of Health Statistics

Gerd Gigerenzer

in Simply Rational: Decision Making in the Real World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199390076
eISBN:
9780190240684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199390076.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Many doctors, patients, journalists, and politicians alike do not understand what health statistics mean, or they draw wrong conclusions without noticing. The causes of statistical illiteracy should ... More


When Misinformed Patients Try to Make Informed Health Decisions

Wolfgang Gaissmaier and Gerd Gigerenzer

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Statistical illiteracy in health—the inability to understand health statistics—is widespread among the general public. Many people find it hard to accept uncertainty in the first place and, even if ... More


Statistical Illiteracy in Doctors

Odette Wegwarth and Gerd Gigerenzer

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

In most psychological, legal, and medical research, patients are assumed to have difficulties with health statistics but clinicians not. Doctors may be said to pay insufficient attention to their ... More


A Conceptual Roadmap for Social Science Methods in Human Rights Fact-Finding

Margaret L. Satterthwaite and Justin C. Simeone

in The Transformation of Human Rights Fact-Finding

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190239480
eISBN:
9780190239527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190239480.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Quantitative analyses are a powerful tool in the human rights practitioner’s methodology toolbox. Statistics allow researchers to reframe and examine topics in order to provide context or insights ... More


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