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What Is Statistical Learning, and What Statistical Learning Is Not

Jenny R. Saffran

in Neoconstructivism: The New Science of Cognitive Development

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195331059
eISBN:
9780199864072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331059.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses statistical learning and its role in language acquisition. It focuses on three issues that are implicit in this characterization of statistical learning: the nature of the ... More


How argument structure constructions are learned 1

Adele Goldberg

in Constructions at Work: The Nature of Generalization in Language

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199268511
eISBN:
9780191708428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268511.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Advances to our understanding of statistical learning mechanisms were not envisioned in the 1960s when the notion that critical aspects of grammar were unlearnable became dogma in the field of ... More


Perceptual Constraints on Implicit Memory for Visual Features: Statistical Learning in Human Infants

Richard N. Aslin

in Infant Perception and Cognition: Recent Advances, Emerging Theories, and Future Directions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195366709
eISBN:
9780199863969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366709.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Vision

Younger and Cohen established a “statistical” approach to visual category formation by asking whether infants are sensitive to the correlations among features in five-feature objects. Their results ... More


Minimalist Behaviorism: The Role of the Individual in Explaining Language Universals

Thomas G. Bever

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter argues that linguistic universals need to be understood in terms of a model of language that incorporates both learned statistical patterns (“habits”) and derivations (“rules”). It ... More


Interactions Between Causal and Statistical Learning

David M. Sobel and Natasha Z. Kirkham

in Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195176803
eISBN:
9780199958511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176803.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Infants and young children appear to have powerful statistical learning mechanisms that allow them to acquire predictive information about the environment. Children also appear to possess powerful ... More


Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation

Alison Gopnik and Laura Schulz (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195176803
eISBN:
9780199958511
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176803.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This book outlines the recent revolutionary work in cognitive science formulating a “probabilistic model” theory of learning and development. It provides an accessible and clear introduction to the ... More


Learning From Doing: Intervention and Causal Inference

Laura Schulz, Tamar Kushnir, and Alison Gopnik

in Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195176803
eISBN:
9780199958511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176803.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter starts from the premise that much of children's knowledge takes the form of abstract, coherent, causal claims that are learned from, and defeasible by, evidence. This view is consistent ... More


Introduction

Alison Gopni and Laura Schulz

in Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195176803
eISBN:
9780199958511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176803.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter provides a simple, clear, and (hopefully) amusing introduction to causal model and Bayes nets theories in computer science, the interventionist account of causation in philosophy, and ... More


Direct and indirect measures of statistical learning

Arnaud Destrebecqz, Ana Franco, Julie Bertels, and Vinciane Gaillard

in Behavioral Methods in Consciousness Research

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199688890
eISBN:
9780191801785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688890.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Statistical learning refers to the ability to discover systematic patterns embedded in a continuous stream of auditory or visual stimuli. Infants and animal studies suggest that statistical learning ... More


Learning from input

John R Taylor

in The Mental Corpus: How language is represented in the mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199290802
eISBN:
9780191741388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290802.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

How do speakers learn from input? In the case of phoneme acquisition, it is argued that speakers notice and record statistical properties of the input. The recency effect provides further insight ... More


Theory Theory: Reconstructing Constructivism

Henry M. Wellman

in Making Minds: How Theory of Mind Develops

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199334919
eISBN:
9780190207472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334919.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Theory theory is heir to Piaget’s constructivism where everyday theories encompass general knowledge structures and are learned. Earlier chapters outline theory of mind’s structured knowledge; this ... More


Learning and Teaching

Rebecca Treiman and Brett Kessler

in How Children Learn to Write Words

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199907977
eISBN:
9780190228422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199907977.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Writing having developed relatively recently in human history, people have not evolved specific learning mechanisms in order to deal with it. They use the same domain-general learning mechanisms that ... More


Learning while Eavesdropping on the Social World

Anna Dina L. Joaquin

in Exploring the Interactional Instinct

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199927005
eISBN:
9780199369737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199927005.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This book proposes that language acquisition is motivated by an interactional instinct, which provides an attentional and reward mechanism that motivates a child to focus on linguistic input and to ... More


Inviting production to the Cognitive Basis party

Maryellen C. MacDonald

in Language Down the Garden Path: The Cognitive and Biological Basis for Linguistic Structures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199677139
eISBN:
9780191756368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677139.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

In CBLS, Bever laid the foundation for consideration of how lexical and syntactic information converge to shape sentence comprehension processes. This chapter aims to extend that approach by ... More


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