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Epilogue

David Vital

in A People Apart: A Political History of the Jews in Europe 1789–1939

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199246816
eISBN:
9780191697623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246816.003.0420
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Three-fifths of the civilian population of Jews of continental Europe were done to death in the course of World War II by Germany and its allies. It was to be the solution for all time of what was ... More


Life-history plasticity under time stress in damselfly larvae

Robby Stoks, Frank Johansson, and Marjan De Block

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Animals often face time stress because they have to reach a certain stage before a certain time horizon (e.g., the onset of winter or pond drying). Damselflies react to time stress with a shortening ... More


Behavioural Biology and Obesity

Trenton G. Smith

in Insecurity, Inequality, and Obesity in Affluent Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264980
eISBN:
9780191754135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264980.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

While conventional wisdom holds that excessive body weight is the product of some combination of a high-calorie diet and a sedentary lifestyle, public health measures aimed at these factors have been ... More


The Economic Migrant

Robert Garland

in Wandering Greeks: The Ancient Greek Diaspora from the Age of Homer to the Death of Alexander the Great

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161051
eISBN:
9781400850259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161051.003.0009
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines the reasons for becoming an economic migrant. In the modern world, economic migrants tend to be both entrepreneurial and dynamic, having demonstrated their willingness to take ... More


Hunger: Famine, Relief, and Identity in Basil's Cappadocia

Susan R. Holman

in The Hungry are Dying: Beggars and Bishops in Roman Cappadocia

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139129
eISBN:
9780199834310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195139127.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter places Basil of Caesarea's fourth‐century famine relief activities within the broader spectrum of the history of famine relief and the physiology of starvation. It summarizes what is ... More


Food, Famine, and Ireland

L. A. Clarkson and E. Margaret Crawford

in Feast and Famine: Food and Nutrition in Ireland 1500-1920

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198227519
eISBN:
9780191708374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227519.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter considers whether Ireland was more vulnerable to famine than its European neighbours because of over-population, climate, peasant attitudes, or government policy. It discusses the ... More


The Anatomy of Famine

L. A. Clarkson and E. Margaret Crawford

in Feast and Famine: Food and Nutrition in Ireland 1500-1920

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198227519
eISBN:
9780191708374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227519.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

Famine brings with it starvation, fevers, dysentery and diarrhoea, the collapse of family and community life, and chronic misery. Commentators from Edward Spenser in the 1590s to William Wilde in ... More


Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation

Amartya Sen

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284635
eISBN:
9780191596902
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284632.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main focus of this book is on the causation of starvation in general and of famines in particular. The traditional analysis of famines concentrates on food supply. This is shown to be ... More


Poverty and Entitlements

Amartya Sen

in Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284635
eISBN:
9780191596902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284632.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Introduces the basic approach used by the author to analyse the causes of starvation in general and famine in particular. The approach involves a study of entitlement systems, based on the author's ... More


Starvation and Famines

Amartya Sen

in Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284635
eISBN:
9780191596902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284632.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The specific problem of starvation and famines is analysed in general terms. First, starvation and famine are compared and contrasted, and their relationship to poverty outlined. They are then ... More


The Entitlement Approach

Amartya Sen

in Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284635
eISBN:
9780191596902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284632.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

An analysis is made of the entitlement approach to starvation and famines. This concentrates on the ability of people to command food through the use of the legal means available in society, ... More


Entitlements and Deprivation

Amartya Sen

in Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284635
eISBN:
9780191596902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284632.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In this final chapter, the entitlement approach advocated by the author to the causation of starvation and famine is further consolidated by taking up general issues of deprivation related to ... More


Writing the Irish Famine

Christopher Morash

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198182795
eISBN:
9780191673887
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198182795.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

In the late 1840s, more than one million Irish men and women died of starvation and disease, and a further two million emigrated in one of the worst European sustenance crises of modern times. Yet a ... More


Scientific Understanding of Eating Disorder s

Simona Giordano

in Understanding Eating Disorders: Conceptual and Ethical Issues in the Treatment of Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199269747
eISBN:
9780191603129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269742.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores the organic basis of eating disorders, and discusses whether eating disorders are a form of addiction. Gene variations seem to be involved in both anorexia and bulimia nervosa. ... More


Introduction

CHRISTOPHER MORASH

in Writing the Irish Famine

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198182795
eISBN:
9780191673887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198182795.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

How was the Great Irish Famine represented in 19th-century literature? The question is less simple than it might appear, for the more we look for a stable historical reality against which to compare ... More


The Wasting Heroine in German Fiction by Women 1770-1914

Anna Richards

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199267545
eISBN:
9780191708398
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267545.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

This study of German fiction by women 1770-1914 adds a new dimension to existing debates on the association of women and illness in literature. Drawing on a number of primary medical sources, it ... More


Triumph and Jeopardy: The Shape of Jane Eyre

Heather Glen

in Charlotte Brontë: The Imagination in History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199272556
eISBN:
9780191699627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272556.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Charlotte Brontë's account of what her first novel was not could serve as a description of her second. Those ‘sudden turns’ denied to William Crimsworth — unearned wealth, a transformative marriage, ... More


Survival and mortality

Hans Kruuk

in Otters: Ecology, behaviour and conservation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198565871
eISBN:
9780191728228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565871.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses age-structure in Eurasian and North American river otters. Otters have short life expectancy, with mortality increasing with age. Sea otter is a long-lived exception. Causes of ... More


Syntheses: challenges to otter survival

Hans Kruuk

in Otters: Ecology, behaviour and conservation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198565871
eISBN:
9780191728228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565871.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses general ecological, behavioural, and physiological characteristics of otters. All thirteen species are closely-related and unusually vulnerable carnivores. They are ... More


Silence Was Salvation: Child Survivors of Stalin's Terror and World War II in the Soviet Union

Cathy A Frierson

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300179453
eISBN:
9780300210736
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300179453.001.0001
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

Roughly ten million children were victims of political repression in the Soviet Union during the Stalinist era, the sons and daughters of peasants, workers, scientists, physicians, and political ... More


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