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 The Emergence of the Entrepreneurial Economy

David B. Audretsch, Max C. Keilbach, and Erik E. Lehmann

in Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183511
eISBN:
9780199783663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183511.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explains how and why the economic role of entrepreneurship has changed so dramatically in the past half century. It explains how the economic role of new startups and small business in ... More


University Spillovers and Entrepreneurial Location

David B. Audretsch, Max C. Keilbach, and Erik E. Lehmann

in Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183511
eISBN:
9780199783663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183511.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter asks whether the Knowledge Spillover Theory of Entrepreneurship also has a spatial component in that the startups tend to cluster within geographic proximity to knowledge sources. It ... More


 Entrepreneurial Performance

David B. Audretsch, Max C. Keilbach, and Erik E. Lehmann

in Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183511
eISBN:
9780199783663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183511.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter tests the Entrepreneurial Performance Hypothesis, which suggests that the performance of knowledge-based startups should be superior when they are able to access knowledge spillovers ... More


The International Mobility of Entrepreneurs and Regional Upgrading in India and China

AnnaLee Saxenian

in The International Mobility of Talent: Types, Causes, and Development Impact

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199532605
eISBN:
9780191714627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532605.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

By 2000, over one-third of Silicon Valley's high-skilled workers were foreign-born, and overwhelmingly from Asia. These US-educated engineers are transforming developmental opportunities for formerly ... More


The Persistence Of Inequality

Cecilia L. Ridgeway

in Framed by Gender: How Gender Inequality Persists in the Modern World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755776
eISBN:
9780199894925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755776.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Previous chapters addressed the persistence of inequality in existing institutions; this chapter examines persistence at sites of economic and social innovation. Evidence shows that gender ... More


Waiting for the Omelet to Set: Match-Specific Assets and Minority Oppression in Close Corporations

EDWARD B. ROCK and MICHAEL L. WACHTER

in The Governance of Close Corporations and Partnerships: US and European Perspectives

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199264353
eISBN:
9780191718496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264353.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter focuses on the persistent features of the close corporation that serve to protect participants from the misconduct by fellow participants. It shows that where there is an intensity of ... More


Start-up Scale-up: Addressing the Manufacturing Challenge for Start-ups

William B. Bonvillian and Peter L. Singer

in Advanced Manufacturing: The New American Innovation Policies

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037037
eISBN:
9780262343398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037037.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter looks at a new but related problem: start-up scale-up. There is an additional and compounding innovation gap problem affecting start-ups that need to manufacture their products. While ... More


Demographics and Business Entrepreneurship

Yue Chim Richard Wong

in Fixing Inequality in Hong Kong

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9789888390625
eISBN:
9789888390373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390625.003.0028
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Entrepreneurial capability depends on two types of abilities: creativity and business acumen. Creativity declines with age, but business skills increase with experience in high-level positions. The ... More


The Chicago Handbook of University Technology Transfer and Academic Entrepreneurship

Albert N. Link, Donald S. Siegel, and Mike Wright (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226178349
eISBN:
9780226178486
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226178486.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This Handbook is the definitive source of major academic research on university technology transfer and academic entrepreneurship, featuring chapters from the leading scholars in this field. Given ... More


Consolidation in the 1990s

Hudson Cattell

in Wines of Eastern North America: From Prohibition to the Present-A History and Desk Reference

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451980
eISBN:
9780801469008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451980.003.0013
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter looks at the wine industry in the 1990s, a decade of consolidation as the health benefits of wine became a compelling factor. For the remainder of the decade and beyond, the results of ... More


University Technology Transfer Offices, Licensing, and Start-Ups

Donald S. Siegel and Mike Wright

in The Chicago Handbook of University Technology Transfer and Academic Entrepreneurship

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226178349
eISBN:
9780226178486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226178486.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The recent increase in commercialization of university intellectual property in the United States and Europe has important policy implications. Recent studies of the antecedents and consequences of ... More


Challenges in University Technology Transfer and the Promising Role of Entrepreneurship Education

Andrew Nelson and Thomas Byers

in The Chicago Handbook of University Technology Transfer and Academic Entrepreneurship

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226178349
eISBN:
9780226178486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226178486.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter outlines the many challenges that confront efforts to commercialize university technologies via spinouts or startups. It also considers the role of entrepreneurship education in relation ... More


Changing Attitudes

in Science for Sale: The Perils, Rewards, and Delusions of Campus Capitalism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226306254
eISBN:
9780226306261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226306261.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

This chapter discusses the changing of attitude of researchers towards the commercialization of academic research in the U.S. It explains that it has become a norm for professors to sell their ... More


Venture Capital Data: Opportunities and Challenges

Steven N. Kaplan and Josh Lerner

in Measuring Entrepreneurial Businesses: Current Knowledge and Challenges

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226454078
eISBN:
9780226454108
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226454108.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Despite the extent of interest in venture capital, substantial misunderstandings about this intermediary persist. Venture capitalists typically do not disclose much information to the United States ... More


The Promise and Potential of Linked Employer-Employee Data for Entrepreneurship Research

Christopher Goetz, Henry Hyatt, Erika McEntarfer, and Kristin Sandusky

in Measuring Entrepreneurial Businesses: Current Knowledge and Challenges

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226454078
eISBN:
9780226454108
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226454108.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

In this chapter, we highlight the potential for linked employer-employee data to be used in entrepreneurship research, describing new data on business start-ups, their founders and early employees, ... More


Empirical Evidence on the Determination of the Extent of Product Innovation

Paul Stoneman, Eleonora Bartoloni, and Maurizio Baussola

in The Microeconomics of Product Innovation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198816676
eISBN:
9780191858321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198816676.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter considers determinants of product innovation across and within firms. Firms that are innovative in one dimension are also innovative in others; thus both what distinguishes the ... More


From Start-Up to Scale-Up: Examining Public Policies for the Financing of High-Growth Ventures

Gilles Duruflé, Thomas Hellmann, and Karen Wilson

in Finance and Investment: The European Case

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198815815
eISBN:
9780191853418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815815.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter examines the challenge for entrepreneurial companies of going beyond the start-up phase and growing into large successful companies. We examine the long-term financing of these so-called ... More


Organization and Structure

David B. Audretsch

in Everything in Its Place: Entrepreneurship and the Strategic Management of Cities, Regions, and States

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199351251
eISBN:
9780190232566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199351251.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Chapter 4 makes clear that while having key resources is important in generating a positive economic performance, what is done with the underlying resources and factors, in terms of how they are ... More


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