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Spectator Theory

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Explanation of moral judgement in terms of the feelings of spectators is found in Hutcheson and Hume as well as in Adam Smith. Smith's theory marks an advance on the other two.


Pendulum Democracy: The Winner Takes All

Frank Hendriks

in Vital Democracy: A Theory of Democracy in Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572786
eISBN:
9780191722370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572786.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

Pendulum democracy refers to the model of democracy in which political power alternates between two competing political parties or protagonists. Power follows the movement of the pendulum, and the ... More


Consensus Democracy: Pacification and Accommodation

Frank Hendriks

in Vital Democracy: A Theory of Democracy in Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572786
eISBN:
9780191722370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572786.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

Consensus democracy refers to a general model of integrative‐indirect democracy, a specific version of which can be found in countries like the Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, and Austria. ... More


Foreign Players and Football Supporters: The Old Firm, Arsenal, Paris Saint-Germain

David Ranc

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780719086120
eISBN:
9781781702246
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719086120.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

‘Mercenaries’, ‘cheats’, ‘destroying the soul of (English) football’, ‘destroying the link between football clubs and their supporters’: foreign football players have been accused of being at the ... More


Sympathy and Imagination

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Sympathy and imagination are the basic elements of Smith's explanation of moral judgement. Although Smith entitles his first chapter ‘Of Sympathy’, the role of imagination is in fact greater than ... More


Smith's Enduring Contribution

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Smith's concept of the impartial spectator as a theory of conscience is an enduring contribution to philosophical thought, despite its undue complexity, due to a faulty theory of approval. Its ... More


The Early Eighteenth Century

J. R. Watson (ed.)

in An Annotated Anthology of Hymns

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269731
eISBN:
9780191600791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269730.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

Contains 10 hymns from the early eighteenth century, responding to the temper of the time by including reference to astronomy and physics, as in ‘The spacious firmament on high’, and to a newfound ... More


Ocular Democracy

Jeffrey Green

in The Eyes of the People: Democracy in an Age of Spectatorship

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195372649
eISBN:
9780199871711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372649.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter introduces in a preliminary way the main features of a theory of plebiscitary democracy whose elaboration and defense will be the purpose of the succeeding chapters. Section 1.2 argues ... More


Genius Obscured: Diderot

Ann Jefferson

in Genius in France: An Idea and Its Uses

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160658
eISBN:
9781400852598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160658.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter considers how a link was established between genius and genius in a manner that sidelines the public. It explores arguments which claims that the public—now deemed “vulgar”—lacks the ... More


Pricked Dances: The Spectator, Dance, and Masculinity in Early 18th‐Century England

John Bryce Jordan

in When Men Dance: Choreographing Masculinities Across Borders

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195386691
eISBN:
9780199863600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386691.003.0007
Subject:
Music, Dance

John Bryce Jordan proposes that the linkage between the male dancer and the stigma of effeminacy began in the early 18th century, rather than in the 19th century, as other dance writers and scholars ... More


Dionysius of Halicarnassus and Livy on the Horatii and the Curiatii

S. P. Oakley

in Ancient Historiography and its Contexts: Studies in Honour of A. J. Woodman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199558681
eISBN:
9780191720888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558681.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter compares the accounts of the triple combat of the Horatii in the histories of Livy and Dionysius of Halicarnassus, in order to cast light on the style and historiographical techniques of ... More


Seeing Justice Done: The Age of Spectacular Capital Punishment in France

Paul Friedland

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592692
eISBN:
9780191741852
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592692.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, European Early Modern History

From the early Middle Ages to the 20th century, capital punishment in France, as in many other countries, was staged before large crowds of spectators. This book traces the theory and practice of ... More


Executions, Spectator Emotions, and the Naturalization of Sympathy

Paul Friedland

in Seeing Justice Done: The Age of Spectacular Capital Punishment in France

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592692
eISBN:
9780191741852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592692.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, European Early Modern History

By the turn of the eighteenth century, spectators from all social classes had developed a fascination with the spectacle of capital punishment. Unusual executions or the execution of particularly ... More


A Spectacular Crisis: Watching Executions in the Age of Sensibilité

Paul Friedland

in Seeing Justice Done: The Age of Spectacular Capital Punishment in France

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592692
eISBN:
9780191741852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592692.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, European Early Modern History

In the mid-eighteenth century, France reached a crisis point as competing cultural trends and practices ran headlong into one another: the rising public fascination with executions, the logic of ... More


The Principle of Moral Impartiality

Athol Fitzgibbons

in Adam Smith's System of Liberty, Wealth, and Virtue: The Moral and Political Foundations of The Wealth of Nations

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292883
eISBN:
9780191596247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292880.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Discusses the character of Smith's moral philosophy, the meaning of the impartial spectator, and its intended scientific character.


Politicizing Antigone

Erika Fischer‐Lichte

in Interrogating Antigone in Postmodern Philosophy and Criticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199559213
eISBN:
9780191594403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559213.003.0019
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Three different productions of Antigone are investigated with regard to the way in which the aesthetic of each performance was related to its political context: (1) the Tieck/ Mendelssohn production ... More


The Making of The Theory of Moral Sentiments

Ian Simpson Ross

in The Life of Adam Smith

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288213
eISBN:
9780191596827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288212.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

The capstone of Smith's years as a professor was the publication of TMS as a direct challenge to the egoistic theories of Hobbes and Mandeville, and Rousseau. In defining what virtue is and why we ... More


Theorizing Art and Punctuation: Gertrude Stein’s Breathless Poetry

Lisa Siraganian

in Modernism’s Other Work: The Art Object’s Political Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199796557
eISBN:
9780199932542
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796557.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

Gertrude Stein proposes an expansive and novel aesthetic theory of meaning’s autonomy by pointedly refusing normal punctuation in Lectures in America (1935) and Tender Buttons (1914). She rejects ... More


Managing Performance: State, Spectacle, Spectators

David Francis Taylor

in Theatres of Opposition: Empire, Revolution, and Richard Brinsley Sheridan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199642847
eISBN:
9780191738869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642847.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Drama, 18th-century Literature

This chapter focuses on the 1790s, the period of Sheridan’s support for the French Revolution and increasingly vocal criticisms of the government’s curtailment of civil liberties, and considers the ... More


Epilogue: The Place of the Spectator

Nina Levine

in Practicing the City: Early Modern London on Stage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780823267866
eISBN:
9780823272426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823267866.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

The Epilogue extends the book’s consideration of theatrical mediation to consider the place of the spectator. Reflecting on the broader politics of the early modern stage’s urban turn, the epilogue ... More


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