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Host selection and its role in transmission of arboviral encephalitides

Robert S. Unnasch, Eddie W. Cupp, and Thomas R. Unnasch

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Several highly virulent, arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) that cause serious human neurological diseases, such as West Nile encephalomyelitis, are transmitted by mosquitoes that feed on both ... More


Increasing spatio-temporal scales: metacommunity ecology

Jonathan M. Chase and Janne Bengtsson

in Community Ecology: Processes, Models, and Applications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199228973
eISBN:
9780191711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228973.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

A metacommunity consists of several local communities connected by dispersal. A metacommunity perspective helps to synthesize community ecology across spatial scales, and provides insights into the ... More


The Community of Ecological Opportunities

Mark A. McPeek

in Evolutionary Community Ecology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691088778
eISBN:
9781400888214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691088778.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines ecological opportunities that are available to species in various positions within a biological community, with particular emphasis on identifying the criteria necessary for an ... More


Evolving in the Community

Mark A. McPeek

in Evolutionary Community Ecology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691088778
eISBN:
9781400888214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691088778.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines how species in simple community modules evolve in order to adapt to one another. It first considers the ecological basis of natural selection before discussing the three general ... More


Evolutionary Community Ecology

Mark A. McPeek

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691088778
eISBN:
9781400888214
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691088778.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book develops a unified framework for understanding the structure of ecological community and the dynamics of natural selection that shape the evolution of the species inhabiting them. All ... More


Which Ways Forward?

Mark A. McPeek

in Evolutionary Community Ecology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691088778
eISBN:
9781400888214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691088778.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the important insights that can be gained from the synthetic analysis of evolution in communities. First, fitness, despite being commonly associated only with evolution by ... More


Revising the Niche Concept: Definitions and Mechanistic Models

Jonathan M. Chase and Mathew A. Leibold

in Ecological Niches: Linking Classical and Contemporary Approaches

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226101798
eISBN:
9780226101811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226101811.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter proposes a quantitative definition of niche that includes a species' requirements from and impacts on a factor. Requirements refer to the conditions where an organism's birth rates ... More


Temporal dynamics

Lawrence R. Walker

in The Biology of Disturbed Habitats

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575299
eISBN:
9780191774836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575299.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Disturbances disrupt ecological patterns and processes and their effects continue for some time, often until the next disturbance adds its influence. Habitats can therefore be seen as being in a ... More


Latitudinal Gradients in Species Interactions

Eric Sanford and Mark D. Bertness

in Marine Macroecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226904115
eISBN:
9780226904146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Using small-scale field experiments, ecologists have demonstrated convincingly that species interactions often influence local community structure. Rigorously examining such large-scale processes, ... More


Species interactions

Shelley E.R. Hoover and Jason M. Tylianakis

in Behavioural Responses to a Changing World: Mechanisms and Consequences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199602568
eISBN:
9780191810121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199602568.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter considers the general mechanisms through which rapid global change can alter interactions with other species. It outlines the observed effects of environmental change on different types ... More


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