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Plant Evolution in the Mediterranean

John D. Thompson

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515340
eISBN:
9780191705687
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515340.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This book integrates a diverse and scattered literature to produce a synthetic account of plant evolutionary ecology. The central theme is differentiation, both among and within species, in the ... More


The Slow Pace of Rapid Technological Change: Gradualism and Punctuation in Technological Change

Daniel A. Levinthal

in Understanding Industrial and Corporate Change

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269426
eISBN:
9780191710179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269426.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter champions the punctuated equilibrium framework of evolutionary biology as an alternative approach toward explaining technological change. It argues that the critical event is not a ... More


Evolution of reproductive isolation

Anne E. Magurran

in Evolutionary Ecology: The Trinidadian Guppy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527855
eISBN:
9780191713576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527855.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The previous chapters testify to rapid population differentiation as a result of selection. Certain populations have also been geographically isolated for extremely long periods of time. Guppy ... More


Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Graham Bell

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Adaptation is caused by selection continually winnowing the genetic variation created by mutation. In the last ten years, our knowledge of how selection operates on populations in the field and in ... More


Simple selection

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The action of selection is based on a few simple principles that are general to all self-replicating systems, and which constitute a distinct branch of science. This introductory chapter presents a ... More


Reticulate evolution: nonhominine primates

Michael L. Arnold

in Reticulate Evolution and Humans: Origins and Ecology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199539581
eISBN:
9780191716225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539581.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Instances of hybridization, introgression, and hybrid speciation in primate groups that are more or less distantly related to our own species are appropriate analogies for understanding the ... More


Reticulate evolution and beneficial organisms—part II

Michael L. Arnold

in Reticulate Evolution and Humans: Origins and Ecology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199539581
eISBN:
9780191716225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539581.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter argues that many of the human foodstuffs generated from animals have evolved at least in part as a result of reticulation. Specifically, introgressive hybridization and hybrid speciation ... More


Speciation

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Diversification occurs readily in asexual populations, but is obstructed by recombination in outcrossed sexual organisms. Species may arise because sexual isolation permits diversification, or ... More


What Can the Y Chromosome Tell Us about the Origin of Modern Humans?

Chris Tyler-Smith

in The Speciation of Modern Homo Sapiens

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263112
eISBN:
9780191734885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263112.003.0012
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter outlines the peculiar genetic history and population characteristics of the Y chromosome, including the interaction with the X. The small size of the Y and its sex-limited transmission ... More


Introduction

Tim J. Crow

in The Speciation of Modern Homo Sapiens

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263112
eISBN:
9780191734885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263112.003.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This book reflects an attempt to cross the interdisciplinary boundaries between archaeology, palaeontology, neuropsychology, neuroanatomy, genetics and evolutionary theory to approach the problem of ... More


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