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Physical Relativity: Space-time structure from a dynamical perspective

Harvey R. Brown

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275830
eISBN:
9780191603914
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275831.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book explores the nature of the distinction at the heart of Einstein's 1905 formulation of his special theory of relativity: that between kinematics and dynamics. Einstein himself became ... More


The Present Dialectic in Special Relativity

Craig Bourne

in A Future for Presentism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199212804
eISBN:
9780191707094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212804.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I discuss the argument (put forward by Putnam and others) that special relativity is incompatible with presentism. I reject some ways (such as Stein's) to solve the problem, but suggest that the ... More


BRIEF REVIEW OF GENERAL RELATIVITY

Miguel Alcubierre

in Introduction to 3+1 Numerical Relativity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199205677
eISBN:
9780191709371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205677.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter presents some of the basic concepts of general relativity. Topics discussed include notation and conventions, special relativity, manifolds and tensors, the metric tensor, Lie ... More


The View from General Relativity

Harvey R. Brown

in Physical Relativity: Space-time structure from a dynamical perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275830
eISBN:
9780191603914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275831.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In his 1923 book The Mathematical Theory of Relativity, Arthur Eddington distinguished between two chains of reasoning in general relativity. The first familiar one starts with the existence of the ... More


The Special Theory of Relativity and the Unreality of the Future

Michael Tooley

in Time, Tense, and Causation

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250746
eISBN:
9780191598623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250746.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to the Special Theory of Relativity, there is no such thing as absolute simultaneity, contrary to the view defended in the book. However, this chapter demonstrates that the Special Theory ... More


Physics for Philosophers

Craig Bourne

in A Future for Presentism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199212804
eISBN:
9780191707094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212804.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Discusses the Galilean transformations, and the Newtonian conception of space, time, and motion, essentials for understanding the Lorentz transformations and Einstein's special theory of relativity. ... More


Analytical Mechanics for Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

Oliver Johns

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567264
eISBN:
9780191717987
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567264.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book provides an innovative and mathematically sound treatment of the foundations of analytical mechanics and the relation of classical mechanics to relativity and quantum theory. A ... More


The genius

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Albert Einstein is the only scientist who's genius was comparable to that of Newton's. Their personalities and lifestyles were completely different, but they were both consumed by the desire to know. ... More


Time, Tense, and Causation

Michael Tooley

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250746
eISBN:
9780191598623
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250746.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Defends a dynamic, or tensed, conception of time, according to which the past and the present are real while the future is not. This conception differs from traditional tensed views, according to ... More


Mass as a Medium

Michael Munowitz

in Knowing: The Nature of Physical Law

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167375
eISBN:
9780199787104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167375.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Newtonian mechanics is revisited in the light of Einsteinian relativity, and the repercussions shake physics to its core. Special relativity, by placing all inertial observers on the same footing, ... More


Special relativity: The basics

Ta-Pei Cheng

in Relativity, Gravitation and Cosmology: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573639
eISBN:
9780191722448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573639.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Special relativity is introduced as the symmetry of Maxwell's theory of electromagnetism. The fact that a signal cannot be transmitted instantaneously led Einstein to propose a new kinematics: the ... More


Prolegomena to Any Future Physics-Based Metaphysics

Bradley Monton

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 3

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199603213
eISBN:
9780191725388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603213.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Philosophers of religion sometimes appeal to physics to provide support for the hypothesis that God exists. More generally, metaphysicians sometimes appeal to physics to provide support for claims ... More


Special Relativity

Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat

in General Relativity and the Einstein Equations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199230723
eISBN:
9780191710872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230723.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter begins with a discussion of Newton's mechanics. It then covers Maxwell's equations, Minkowski spacetime, Poincaré group, Lorentz group, special relativity, Newtonian law, relativistic ... More


Introduction and overview

Ta-Pei Cheng

in Relativity, Gravitation and Cosmology: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573639
eISBN:
9780191722448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573639.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Relativity means that physically it is impossible to detect absolute motion. This can be stated as a “symmetry in physics”. Special relativity (SR) is the symmetry with respect to coordinate ... More


Relativity and Spacetime

Oliver Johns

in Analytical Mechanics for Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567264
eISBN:
9780191717987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567264.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

When it was proposed at the start of the 20th century, special relativity was revolutionary and controversial. Now, some hundred years later, the consensus in physics is that, at least in local ... More


Relativity, Gravitation and Cosmology: A Basic Introduction

Ta-Pei Cheng

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573639
eISBN:
9780191722448
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573639.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Einstein's general theory of relativity is introduced in this advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate level textbook. Topics include special relativity, the principle of equivalence, Riemannian ... More


This too is true

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The validity suggested by beauty must be verified by experiment. Three major predictions of general relativity are: gravitational fields bend light, slow down time beyond the effect of special ... More


On Relativity, Time Reckoning, and the Topology of Time Series

Roberto Torretti

in The Arguments of Time

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263464
eISBN:
9780191734748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263464.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter devotes equal attention to special relativity and general relativity. It first describes the history of the analysis of distant simultaneity, up to and including Einstein's procedure in ... More


Three‐Dimensionalism and Four‐Dimensionalism

Thomas Sattig

in The Language and Reality of Time

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199279524
eISBN:
9780191604041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199279527.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Part of the problem of temporal supervenience is the problem of spatiotemporal location: how are objects located in spacetime? This chapter provides a detailed statement of various answers to this ... More


Two Dogmas About Quantum Mechanics

Jeffrey Bub and Itamar Pitowsky

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that the intractable part of the measurement problem — the ‘big’ measurement problem — is a pseudo-problem that depends for its legitimacy on the acceptance of two dogmas. The ... More


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