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Introduction: Seeing Past the State of the Art

Bob Rehak

in More Than Meets the Eye: Special Effects and the Fantastic Transmedia Franchise

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781479813155
eISBN:
9781479897070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479813155.003.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This introduction lays out the case for approaching special effects from a transmedia standpoint, focusing on the unexpected roles they play in building and maintaining the storyworlds of fantastic ... More


Before Industrial Light and Magic: The Independent Hollywood Special Effects Business, 1968–1975

Julie A. Turnock

in Plastic Reality: Special Effects, Technology, and the Emergence of 1970s Blockbuster Aesthetics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163538
eISBN:
9780231535274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163538.003.0002
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter studies the history of the special effects branch of the independent Hollywood service industry. The independent optical and effects business has existed since at least the early 1920s ... More


More Than Meets the Eye: Special Effects and the Fantastic Transmedia Franchise

Bob Rehak

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781479813155
eISBN:
9781479897070
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479813155.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Today’s franchises of fantastic media depend on visual effects for their existence, not just in their local textual homes (a feature film, a TV episode, a videogame) but across multiple screens and ... More


Optical Animation: Special Effects Compositing Up to 1977

Julie A. Turnock

in Plastic Reality: Special Effects, Technology, and the Emergence of 1970s Blockbuster Aesthetics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163538
eISBN:
9780231535274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163538.003.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter discusses studio-era special effects from the 1930s to the 1960s, and 1970s special effects. The studio era had mostly been concerned with maintaining the more naturalistic “classical” ... More


Introduction

Julie A. Turnock

in Plastic Reality: Special Effects, Technology, and the Emergence of 1970s Blockbuster Aesthetics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163538
eISBN:
9780231535274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163538.003.0010
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This book provides a history of the development of special effects, and its significance in cinema and media studies. The book studies 1970s special effects aesthetics, and mid- to late 1970s science ... More


Optical Special Effects into the 1980s: A Well-Oiled Machine

Julie A. Turnock

in Plastic Reality: Special Effects, Technology, and the Emergence of 1970s Blockbuster Aesthetics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163538
eISBN:
9780231535274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163538.003.0007
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter examines special effects in the 1980s. In the 1980s and 1990s, industry professionals became increasingly concerned with the audience's experience and the role of cinema in the overall ... More


Conclusion: The Effects of Special Effects

Bob Rehak

in More Than Meets the Eye: Special Effects and the Fantastic Transmedia Franchise

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781479813155
eISBN:
9781479897070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479813155.003.0006
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This conclusion considers the larger set of changes confronting cinema and its siblings at this juncture between the analog and digital eras. Restating the book’s central argument that special ... More


Plastic Reality: Special Effects, Technology, and the Emergence of 1970s Blockbuster Aesthetics

Julie Turnock

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163538
eISBN:
9780231535274
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163538.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This book tracks the use and evolution of special effects in 1970s filmmaking, a development as revolutionary to film as the form's transition to sound in the 1920s. Beginning with the classical ... More


Special Effects, Reality and the New Epic Film

Andrew B. R. Elliott

in The Return of the Epic Film

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780748684021
eISBN:
9780748697069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748684021.003.0008
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

With the return of the historical epic to our screens, advances in CGI and digital effects have allowed for even greater (and sometimes cheaper) special effects to return along with them. Matte ... More


The Expanded Blockbuster: The Auteurist Aesthetics of 1970s Special Effects–Driven Filmmaking

Julie A. Turnock

in Plastic Reality: Special Effects, Technology, and the Emergence of 1970s Blockbuster Aesthetics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163538
eISBN:
9780231535274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163538.003.0003
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter examines auteurism and special effects-driven blockbuster filmmaking. Auteurism, an approach to mid-century filmmaking in which a film reflects the director's personal creative vision, ... More


“The Buck Stops at Opticals”: Special Effects Technology on Star Wars and Close Encounters of the Third Kind

Julie A. Turnock

in Plastic Reality: Special Effects, Technology, and the Emergence of 1970s Blockbuster Aesthetics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163538
eISBN:
9780231535274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163538.003.0004
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter considers the special effects technology in Star Wars and Close Encounters of the Third Kind. In both films, the postproduction units had to match the principal photography to make all ... More


“More Philosophical Grey Matter”: The Production and Aesthetic of Close Encounters of the Third Kind

Julie A. Turnock

in Plastic Reality: Special Effects, Technology, and the Emergence of 1970s Blockbuster Aesthetics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163538
eISBN:
9780231535274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163538.003.0006
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter studies the production and aesthetic of Close Encounters of the Third Kind. Weary of the effects problems from Jaws, Steven Spielberg approached Douglas Trumbull to give him full control ... More


Constraints and Verisimilitude: A Tentative Conclusion

David Roche

in Making and Remaking Horror in the 1970s and 2000s: Why Don’t They Do It Like They Used To?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9781617039621
eISBN:
9781626740129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617039621.003.0009
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The conclusion makes a case that, generally speaking, the 1970s films are, in effect, more “disturbing,” both politically and aesthetically, than the 2000s remakes. The remakes tend out to be more ... More


Conclusion: World-Building and the Legacy of 1970s Special Effects in Contemporary Cinema

Julie A. Turnock

in Plastic Reality: Special Effects, Technology, and the Emergence of 1970s Blockbuster Aesthetics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163538
eISBN:
9780231535274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163538.003.0009
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This concluding chapter discusses the legacy of the 1970s special effects. Special effects technology enabled filmmakers to provide alternate world possibilities, prompting moviegoers to think about ... More


Modeling and Iconization

Inge Hinterwaldner

in The Systemic Image: A New Theory of Interactive Real-Time Simulations

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035040
eISBN:
9780262335546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035040.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Informed with how modelling practices take place, positions in model theory have revised too simplistic syntactic or semantic views. Analogously, it is now necessary to recognize that also the ... More


Animation and Digital Culture

Paul Wells

in American Thought and Culture in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748626014
eISBN:
9780748670673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748626014.003.0019
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

In this chapter, Paul Wells argues that the literal and metaphorical developments of animation in the twenty-first century allow ‘virtual histories’ to be constructed from the subjective and relative ... More


A Medium in Crisis in the Digital Age

André Gaudreault and Philippe Marion

in The End of Cinema?: A Medium in Crisis in the Digital Age

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231173575
eISBN:
9780231539388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231173575.003.0008
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This concluding chapter cites Michael Gondry's film, Mood Indigo (2013), in presenting the pitched battle raging constantly in matters concerning cinema and between attraction and narration. Being a ... More


Technopolis and the Ramayana: New Temporalities

Anustup Basu

in Bollywood in the Age of New Media: The Geo-televisual Aesthetic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748641024
eISBN:
9780748651245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641024.003.0005
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Since the 1990s, erstwhile major formats such as the dacait (bandit) film and the rural melodrama that fashioned some of the greatest box office hits have been gradually relegated to B- and C-status ... More


Introduction: Altered States, Affect and Film

Anna Powell

in Deleuze, Altered States and Film

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748632824
eISBN:
9780748651139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748632824.003.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This book sets out to accomplish a distinctive remapping of the film experience as altered state, using both the film-philosophical insights of Gilles Deleuze and his broader investigations with ... More


The Return of the Epic Film

Andrew Elliott (ed.)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780748684021
eISBN:
9780748697069
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748684021.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

With the success of Gladiator, both critics and scholars enthusiastically announced the return of a genre which had lain dormant for thirty years. However, this return raises important new questions ... More


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