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Social Interactions and Urban Spatial Equilibrium

Yannis M. Ioannides

in From Neighborhoods to Nations: The Economics of Social Interactions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691126852
eISBN:
9781400845385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691126852.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explores what the interactions of individuals and firms in their vicinity and in broader communities reveal about the spatial structure of cities as self-organization by agents. It first ... More


Mapping Spatial PPs: An Introduction

Guglielmo Cinque

in Mapping Spatial PPs: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 6

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195393675
eISBN:
9780199796847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393675.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This introductory chapter discusses some of the main threads of the analyses proposed in the remaining chapters and one of their general implications: that phrases composed of spatial prepositions, ... More


Forest structure and composition

Adrian C. Newton

in Forest Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567448
eISBN:
9780191717895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567448.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter describes methods that can be used to characterize communities of tree species based on a field survey, focusing on the methods that are most commonly used today. Information is also ... More


The Complexity of Linguistic Structure

Ray Jackendoff

in Foundations of Language: Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198270126
eISBN:
9780191713255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198270126.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter seeks to establish a baseline of what a theory of linguistic structure must be responsible for. For linguists, the chapter should serve as a reminder of the scope of the enterprise and ... More


The Language-Specificity of Conceptual Structure: Path, Fictive Motion, and Time Relations

Jürgen Bohnemeyer

in Words and the Mind: How words capture human experience

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195311129
eISBN:
9780199776924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311129.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter addresses the encoding of spatial semantics at Conceptual Structure (CS) in the framework proposed by Jackendoff. Jackendoff envisions CS as a language-independent faculty of cognition ... More


Urban Systems and Spatial Competition

Roger White, Guy Engelen, and Inge Uljee

in Modeling Cities and Regions As Complex Systems: From Theory to Planning Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029568
eISBN:
9780262331371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029568.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The structure of a system of retail centres as described by their size, composition, and location, is a result of competition among the centres for customers. The evolution of the system is described ... More


Introduction

Roger White, Guy Engelen, and Inge Uljee

in Modeling Cities and Regions As Complex Systems: From Theory to Planning Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029568
eISBN:
9780262331371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029568.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The fundamental premise of the book is that cities and regions are complex, self-organizing, adaptive systems, and that they are therefore best understood by focussing on the processes by which they ... More


Food web dynamics beyond asymptotic behavior

John C. Moore and Peter C. De Ruiter

in Energetic Food Webs: An analysis of real and model ecosystems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198566182
eISBN:
9780191774683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566182.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explores how variability in food web structure in space and time can be critical to the stability, persistence, and function of ecosystems, a premise that it approaches in two ways. The ... More


War and the Organic Economy

John Landers

in The Field and the Forge: Population, Production, and Power in the Pre-industrial West

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199279579
eISBN:
9780191719448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279579.003.0009
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

The political and social context of any conflict affected strategy and operations, but variations were constrained systematically by the limitations of the military technology being used and by the ... More


Examples of Spatial Structures in Game Spaces

Michael Nitsche

in Video Game Spaces: Image, Play, and Structure in 3D Worlds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262141017
eISBN:
9780262255110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262141017.003.0098
Subject:
Computer Science, Game Studies

This chapter discusses a number of significant spatial structures to determine the practical shape that architectural references take in the world of video game spaces. These structures arrange the ... More


Epilogue

Claudio Lomnitz-Adler

in Exits from the Labyrinth: Culture and Ideology in the Mexican National Space

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520077881
eISBN:
9780520912472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520077881.003.0015
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

Power makes for a regional structure of places. This “structure of places” is made up of a set of loci for cultural interaction, and a set of ideologies about relative positions. “Places” are ... More


Industrial Whaling in the North Pacific Ocean 1952–1978: Spatial Patterns of Harvest and Decline

ERIC M. DANNER, MATTHEW J. KAUFFMAN, and ROBERT L. BROWNELL JR.

in Whales, Whaling, and Ocean Ecosystems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520248847
eISBN:
9780520933200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248847.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter investigates population spatial structure of exploited whale species in the North Pacific Ocean during the period of industrial whaling, 1952–1979. Little detailed information, such as ... More


Spatial Structure of Intrinsic Activity

Georg Northoff

in Unlocking the Brain: Volume 1: Coding

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199826988
eISBN:
9780199399024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826988.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

From Chapter 4 onwards, the book switches from the brain’s extrinsic activity, e.g., stimulus-induced activity, as discussed in the first part on sparse coding, to the brain’s intrinsic activity, the ... More


Macroecological Patterns in Insect Body Size

Kevin J. Gaston and Steven L. Chown

in Animal Body Size: Linking Pattern and Process across Space, Time, and Taxonomic Group

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226012148
eISBN:
9780226012285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226012285.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter provides an overview of the current understanding of the form of macroecological patterns in insect body size, with particular emphasis on global patterns, patterns through time, and ... More


The Evolution of Restraint in Structured Populations: Setting the Stage for an Egalitarian Major Transition

Benjamin Kerr and Joshua Nahum

in The Major Transitions in Evolution Revisited

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015240
eISBN:
9780262295703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015240.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers the evolution of restraint in simple ecosystems. It specifically presents both simulation and experimental data on the evolution of restraint. It argues that spatial structure ... More


Economic Evolution and Revolution in Historical Time

Paul W. Rhode, Joshua L. Rosenbloom, and David F. Weiman (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804771856
eISBN:
9780804777629
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804771856.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book challenges the static, ahistorical models on which economics continues to rely. These models presume that markets operate on a “frictionless” plane where abstract forces play out ... More


The Grounds of Prose

G. O. Hutchinson

in Greek to Latin: Frameworks and Contexts for Intertextuality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199670703
eISBN:
9780191757020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670703.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

‘Ground’ is adapted from the term in cognitive grammar for the set-up of a conversation. In Roman philosophical works the basic grounds are populated by Romans, to whom treatises are addressed and ... More


Long-Term Experimental Evolution and Adaptive Radiation

Michael Travisano

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Long-term evolution studies are selection experiments that are particularly useful for understanding the causes of evolutionary change. Adaptive radiation is one of the major features of evolution ... More


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