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“Hello, Dolly” Bioethics in the Media

Renée C. Fox and Judith P. Swazey

in Observing Bioethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195365559
eISBN:
9780199851881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365559.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The birth of Dolly, a lamb born at the Roslin Institute in Scotland, created a wave of talk and commentaries from experts in the fields of ethics, religion, law, and medicine in 1997. Dolly was the ... More


Clonality within the Individual

John C. Avise

in Clonality: The Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Sexual Abstinence in Vertebrate Animals

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369670
eISBN:
9780199871063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369670.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Although clonality is often discussed in reference to whole organisms, the phenomenon also applies to (and is underlain by) genetic processes operating within each individual. All forms of clonal ... More


Social group transformation

Andrew F. G. Bourke

in Principles of Social Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199231157
eISBN:
9780191774553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231157.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The size–complexity hypothesis proposes that social group transformation (emergence of complex, individualistic groups) occurs when group size increases. Complex social groups exhibit a high degree ... More


Aging of the Genome: The dual role of DNA in life and death

Jan Vijg

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198569237
eISBN:
9780191728242
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569237.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Aging has long since been ascribed to the gradual accumulation of DNA mutations in the genome of somatic cells. However, it is only recently that the necessary sophisticated technology has been ... More


My Personalized Beta Cells for Diabetes

Sheldon Krimsky

in Stem Cell Dialogues: A Philosophical and Scientific Inquiry Into Medical Frontiers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231167482
eISBN:
9780231539401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231167482.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

In this dialogue, Dr. Rebecca Franklin discusses with Janet Richfield, a stem cell scientist, and Beverly Simpson, who has been living with type 1 diabetes her entire life, the progress in clinical ... More


Reprogramming Cells

Sheldon Krimsky

in Stem Cell Dialogues: A Philosophical and Scientific Inquiry Into Medical Frontiers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231167482
eISBN:
9780231539401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231167482.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

In this dialogue, Dr. Rebecca Franklin and Dr. Frederick Jones, a stem cell biologist, discuss the prospects of cell reprogramming for producing therapeutic stem cells. The process of reprogramming ... More


To Clone or not to Clone: That is the Question

Sheldon Krimsky

in Stem Cell Dialogues: A Philosophical and Scientific Inquiry Into Medical Frontiers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231167482
eISBN:
9780231539401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231167482.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

In this dialogue, Dr. Rebecca Franklin and Dr. Howard Chadwick, director of the National Center for Stem Cells within the (fictional) National Institutes of Health, discuss the ethics of cloning. The ... More


More than Just a Nucleus: Cloning and the Alignment of Scientific and Political Rationalities

Giuseppe Testa

in Reframing Rights: Bioconstitutionalism in the Genetic Age

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015950
eISBN:
9780262298667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015950.003.0047
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter analyzes the intricacies of cloning policies in the United Kingdom, Italy, and the United States. It compares three national approaches to dealing with clones derived from somatic cell ... More


Germinal Selection: A Weismannian Solution to Lamarckian Problematics

Charlotte Weissman

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter analyzes August Weismann's theory of germinal selection—a process of competition and selection among the hereditary units within the germplasm. He argued that the germ line was not ... More


The myth of the clonable human brain

Giovanni Berlucchi

in Tall Tales about the Mind and Brain: Separating fact from fiction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198568773
eISBN:
9780191693779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568773.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The long history of the use of animal embryos in biomedical research has recently been revolutionised by the so-called cloning or nuclear transfer technique. In contrast to the traditional in vitro ... More


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