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Gravity as a Universal Force of Interaction (Propositions 7–13 Book 3)

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Part I reviews Newton’s argument for his conceptual transition from gravity as centripetal forces of attraction toward planets to gravity as a universal force of pair-wise interaction between bodies. ... More


Jupiter the Gas Giant

Andrew P. Ingersoll

in Planetary Climates

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145044
eISBN:
9781400848232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145044.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter examines Jupiter's climate and what it reveals about the solar system. During its first 105 years, the solar system was a melting pot in which material from stars with different chemical ... More


Hegel'S First Philosophy of Nature

H. S. Harris

in Hegel's Development: Night Thoughts (Jena 1801–1806)

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246541
eISBN:
9780191680991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246541.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines Hegel's first philosophy of nature. The direct evidence about Hegel's philosophy of nature in 1801/2 is not quite so sparse and indirect as the evidence about his ‘logic and ... More


Conclusion

Andrew P. Ingersoll

in Planetary Climates

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145044
eISBN:
9781400848232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145044.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This concluding chapter discusses some of the lessons that can be learned from studying the planets and planetary climates. It first considers the general principles that turned out to be right; for ... More


Exploring the Solar System

Karel Schrijver

in One of Ten Billion Earths: How we Learn about our Planet's Past and Future from Distant Exoplanets

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198799894
eISBN:
9780191864865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799894.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics, History of Physics

In this chapter, the author summarizes the properties of the Solar System, and how these were uncovered. Over centuries, the arrangement and properties of the Solar System were determined. The ... More


From Big Bang to Primordial Planet: Setting the Stage for the Origin of Life

Alan W. Schwartz and Sherwood Chang

in Life's Origin: The Beginnings of Biological Evolution

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233904
eISBN:
9780520928701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233904.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Life is the product of countless changes in the form of primordial stellar matter, and these changes were wrought by astrophysical and cosmochemical, as well as geological and biological, ... More


The Celestial Model

Athol Fitzgibbons

in Adam Smith's System of Liberty, Wealth, and Virtue: The Moral and Political Foundations of The Wealth of Nations

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292883
eISBN:
9780191596247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292880.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Points out that there are analogies between Isaac Newton's theory of the solar system and Adam Smith's theory of society.


From Dust to Life: The Origin and Evolution of Our Solar System

John Chambers and Jacqueline Mitton

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175706
eISBN:
9781400885565
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175706.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The birth and evolution of our solar system is a tantalizing mystery that may one day provide answers to the question of human origins. This book tells the remarkable story of how the celestial ... More


Cosmic Archaeology

John Chambers and Jacqueline Mitton

in From Dust to Life: The Origin and Evolution of Our Solar System

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175706
eISBN:
9781400885565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175706.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the process of how the solar system had to take form from the near nothingness of interstellar space. Scientists pondering the history of the solar system are much like ... More


Seeking other solar systems

Gordon A. H. Walker

in A Century of Nature: Twenty-One Discoveries that Changed Science and the World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780226284132
eISBN:
9780226284163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226284163.003.0020
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Planetary systems are thought to be common, in part because the formation of planets can help stars to form. As stars start to condense from large, rotating gas clouds, they should spin ever faster ... More


The Outermost Solar System

John Chambers and Jacqueline Mitton

in From Dust to Life: The Origin and Evolution of Our Solar System

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175706
eISBN:
9781400885565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175706.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter illustrates how, until the mid-20th century, little was known about the true nature of asteroids and comets. Asteroids looked like single points of light through a telescope, and ... More


The Prospects for Habitable Worlds

Raymond L. Neubauer

in Evolution and the Emergent Self: The Rise of Complexity and Behavioral Versatility in Nature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231150705
eISBN:
9780231521680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231150705.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on the prevalence of habitable worlds where life might begin its evolutionary journey. Research in the last two decades suggests that planets around stars other than the sun may ... More


Discovering the Solar System

John Chambers and Jacqueline Mitton

in From Dust to Life: The Origin and Evolution of Our Solar System

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175706
eISBN:
9781400885565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175706.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter illustrates how the solar system turned out to be much larger than previously imagined. In the 2nd century AD, Greek astronomer Claudius Ptolemy, working in the Egyptian city of ... More


Epilogue: Paradigms, Problems, and Predictions

John Chambers and Jacqueline Mitton

in From Dust to Life: The Origin and Evolution of Our Solar System

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175706
eISBN:
9781400885565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175706.003.0015
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This concluding chapter talks about how astronomers and space agencies in dozens of countries are helping to see the solar system as never before, transforming points of light into real worlds, and ... More


Drifting Through a Planetary System

Karel Schrijver

in One of Ten Billion Earths: How we Learn about our Planet's Past and Future from Distant Exoplanets

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198799894
eISBN:
9780191864865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799894.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics, History of Physics

This chapter describes how the first found exoplanets presented puzzles: they orbited where they should not have formed or where they could not have survived the death of their stars. The Solar ... More


Nursery for Planets

John Chambers and Jacqueline Mitton

in From Dust to Life: The Origin and Evolution of Our Solar System

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175706
eISBN:
9781400885565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175706.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter illustrates how the solar system has a decidedly two-dimensional aspect to it. The orbits of the eight major planets all lie in almost the same plane, deviating by no more than seven ... More


Worlds of Rock and Metal

John Chambers and Jacqueline Mitton

in From Dust to Life: The Origin and Evolution of Our Solar System

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175706
eISBN:
9781400885565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175706.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explains how planetesimals—the basic building blocks of planets—are essentially invisible from here on Earth. To understand how planetesimals evolve into planets, one must examine ... More


Worlds of Gas and Ice

John Chambers and Jacqueline Mitton

in From Dust to Life: The Origin and Evolution of Our Solar System

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175706
eISBN:
9781400885565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175706.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the giants of the solar system. Astronomers know somewhat less about the giant planets—except Jupiter—since no probes have gone down through their atmospheres and examined ... More


Tails in the Wind

Karel Schrijiver and Iris Schrijiver

in Living with the Stars: How the Human Body is Connected to the Life Cycles of the Earth, the Planets, and the Stars

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198727439
eISBN:
9780191793615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727439.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter explores what comets tell us about the history of the solar system and about the Sun’s outermost atmosphere through which Earth orbits its life-sustaining star. Comets are frozen bits of ... More


A Professor of Eloquence

David Clarke

in Reflections on the Astronomy of Glasgow: A story of some 500 years

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780748678891
eISBN:
9780748689286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678891.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

This chapter covers the life of John Pringle Nichol who, as the 5th Regius Professor of Astronomy (1836 to 1859), influenced extra-mural interest in the subject to a passion that the local citizens ... More


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