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INCOMING SOLAR RADIATION

I. M. Vardavas and F. W. Taylor

in Radiation and Climate

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199227471
eISBN:
9780191711138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227471.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter examines the factors that determine the amount of solar radiation that reaches the Earth, and which primarily controls its climate. On timescales of billion years, the Sun evolves as a ... More


Solar Radiation at the Earth

Joanna D. Haigh and Peter Cargill

in The Sun's Influence on Climate

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153834
eISBN:
9781400866540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153834.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter explores how solar radiation is the climate's fundamental energy source. It considers the solar radiance at the top of the Earth's atmosphere, its variation with location and season, and ... More


The physical limnology of high-latitude lakes

Warwick F. Vincent, Sally MacIntyre, Robert H. Spigel, and Isabelle Laurion

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

The physical environment of high latitude lakes exerts a wide-ranging influence on their aquatic ecology. Certain features of Arctic and Antarctic lakes — such as prolonged ice cover and ... More


Radiation and Climate

Ilias Vardavas and Frederic Taylor

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199227471
eISBN:
9780191711138
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227471.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This book deals with the theory of atmospheric radiation and radiation transfer, and its application to current problems related to the processes that maintain the global climate of the Earth. It ... More


Ice-based freshwater ecosystems

Ian Hawes, Clive Howard-Williams, and Andrew G. Fountain

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter describes the physical, chemical, and biotic features of the main types of ice-based aquatic ecosystems. Dark-coloured sediments on and in ice enhance absorption of solar radiation, ... More


The Earth’s Climate System

Joanna D. Haigh and Peter Cargill

in The Sun's Influence on Climate

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153834
eISBN:
9781400866540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153834.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter focuses on solar radiation and its interaction with the terrestrial atmosphere in the context of the Earth's radiation budget and radiative forcing of climate, as well as its direct ... More


The Sun's Influence on Climate

Joanna D. Haigh and Peter Cargill

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153834
eISBN:
9781400866540
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153834.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

The Earth's climate system depends entirely on the Sun for its energy. Solar radiation warms the atmosphere and is fundamental to atmospheric composition, while the distribution of solar heating ... More


Solar Radiation

Michael E. Mackay

in Solar Energy: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199652105
eISBN:
9780191801969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652105.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Solar radiation generated in the Sun makes its way to the Earth’s surface and the information in this chapter allows the reader to determine how much is available to any solar powered device. The ... More


Phytoplankton and primary production

Michael P. Lizotte

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

The phytoplankton comprises a diverse array of photosynthetic organisms. The majority of polar lakes are classified as ultra-oligotrophic based on maximum chlorophyll concentrations. However, few ... More


On Causality and Ice Age Deglaciations

Alexandre Casanovas and Vicent Gómez

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0026
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter discusses the most important of several factors that influence ice ages—solar forcing. Others, such as ocean circulation, are consequences of uneven solar radiation. The complexity of ... More


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