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The Biology of Soil: A community and ecosystem approach

Richard Bardgett

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525035
eISBN:
9780191728181
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525035.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book provides a comprehensive, up-to-date synthesis of what is known about soil biodiversity and the factors that regulate its distribution, as well as the functional significance of ... More


Stochastic soil moisture dynamics and vegetation response

Amilcare Porporato and Ignacio Rodríguez-Iturbe

in Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566540
eISBN:
9780191718038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter describes work on a stochastic soil moisture model that has been used to investigate the relationship between the hydrologic and vegetation dynamics ecohydrology in water-controlled ... More


Case Study: Assessments of Plant Diversity in Arid Landscapes

Thomas J. Stohlgren

in Measuring Plant Diversity: Lessons from the Field

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172331
eISBN:
9780199790395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172331.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

In arid environments, the patterns of native and non-native plant diversity may be affected by cryptobiotic crusts. This chapter is a detailed case study designed to: (1) quantify patterns of native ... More


Dry grasslands

Malcolm Ausden

in Habitat Management for Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198568728
eISBN:
9780191717529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568728.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses grassland management. The common objectives of grassland management are to: provide the desired sward composition, the specific aim often being to maintain or increase plant ... More


The soil environment

Richard D. Bardgett

in The Biology of Soil: A community and ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525035
eISBN:
9780191728181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525035.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Soil forms a thin mantle over the Earth's surface and acts as the interface between the atmosphere and lithosphere, the outermost shell of the Earth. It is a multiphase system, consisting of mineral ... More


The diversity of life in soil

Richard D. Bardgett

in The Biology of Soil: A community and ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525035
eISBN:
9780191728181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525035.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

An increasing number of ecologists are starting to turn their attention to soil communities, largely because of an awareness that not only do soil organisms regulate major ecosystem processes, such ... More


Organism interactions and soil processes

Richard D. Bardgett

in The Biology of Soil: A community and ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525035
eISBN:
9780191728181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525035.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter illustrates how the activities of soil biota, especially their trophic interactions, influence the processes of decomposition and nutrient cycling, and examines the significance of this ... More


Soil as Sustenance

Frank H. T. Rhodes

in Earth: A Tenant's Manual

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801478239
eISBN:
9780801466212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801478239.003.0019
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

This chapter is an overview on soil sustainability and conservation. Soil is the Earth, supporting life and nourishing its growth, containing both mineral fragments and millions of microorganisms ... More


Introduction

Karl Ritz and Wim H. van der Putten

in Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575923
eISBN:
9780191774843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575923.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides an overview of the three chapters in Section 1. Chapter 1.1 considers the soil as a habitat. Chapter 1.2 reviews the levels of biodiversity that occur belowground. Chapter 1.3 ... More


The Biology of African Savannahs

Bryan Shorrocks

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570660
eISBN:
9780191717680
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570660.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Savannahs are one of the largest biomes of the world, comprising about 20% of the land surface. Stated simply, they are tropical and subtropical grasslands, with scattered bushes and trees. Most ... More


Predicting the impacts of global environmental changes on tropical forests

Simon L. Lewis, Yadvinder Malhi, and Oliver L. Phillips

in Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567066
eISBN:
9780191717888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567066.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Recent observations of widespread changes in mature tropical forests such as a rise in tree growth, recruitment and mortality, and above-ground biomass, suggest that ‘global change’ agents may be ... More


The Emergence of a Regional Framework in the Early and High Middle Ages: Land and Occupation

Bas van Bavel

in Manors and Markets: Economy and Society in the Low Countries 500-1600

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199278664
eISBN:
9780191707032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278664.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The chapter presents the landscapes and soils, and discusses the interaction between land, water and men in the Low Countries. This interaction contributed to the wide diversity of landscapes found ... More


Morbidity and mortality

Vernon Reynolds

in The Chimpanzees of the Budongo Forest: Ecology, Behaviour and Conservation

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515463
eISBN:
9780191705656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515463.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Studies of intestinal parasites show that the Budongo chimpanzees live with numerous gut nematodes which they tolerate well. Self-medication is achieved by swallowing the leaves of Aneilema ... More


/ LANDSCAPE: The Evolution of CCC Conservation

Neil M. Maher

in Nature's New Deal: The Civilian Conservation Corps and the Roots of the American Enviromental Movement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195306019
eISBN:
9780199867820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306019.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter Two analyzes CCC conservation projects on a national scale, and links the landscape changes caused by such work to both a broadening of conservationist concerns and to Franklin Roosevelt's ... More


Mangrove trees and their environment

Peter Hogarth

in The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568704
eISBN:
9780191717536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568704.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses how mangrove trees adapt to their environment. Topics covered include adaptations to waterlogged soil, coping with salt, the cost of survival, inorganic nutrients, reproductive ... More


From Crisis to Uncertainty: Calculating Athenian Grain Production

Alfonso Moreno

in Feeding the Democracy: The Athenian Grain Supply in the Fifth and Fourth Centuries BC

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228409
eISBN:
9780191711312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228409.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter attempts to calculate the grain production and carrying capacity of Attica by analyzing five key variables: land, use of the land, crop yields, population, and consumption. Previous ... More


Linkages between plant and soil biological communities

Richard D. Bardgett

in The Biology of Soil: A community and ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525035
eISBN:
9780191728181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525035.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the various ways that plants and soil biota influence each other, and highlights some of the recent findings on the links that exist between plants and soil biological ... More


Conclusions

Richard D. Bardgett

in The Biology of Soil: A community and ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525035
eISBN:
9780191728181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525035.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter reviews the discussions in the preceding chapters and presents some concluding thoughts from the author. The biology of soil is of fundamental importance to the sustainability of life on ... More


Synthesis

Jeffrey E. Herrick and Johan Six

in Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575923
eISBN:
9780191774843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575923.003.0033
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter offers a synthesis of the discussions in Section 5. The chapters support the fundamental role of soil biota in sustaining soil structure and nutrient cycling as the foundation for nearly ... More


Consequences of Ant Invasions

Lori Lach and Linda M. Hooper‐Bùi

in Ant Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199544639
eISBN:
9780191720192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544639.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Solenopsis invicta and Linepithema humile are among the most studied invasive insects but there are several other invasive ants with adverse ecological consequences. The displacement of native ants ... More


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