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Societal Effects: From Vacuum to Tropical Jungle

Arndt Sorge

in The Global and the Local: Understanding the Dialectics of Business Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199278909
eISBN:
9780191706820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278909.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

Institutions can be considered as softer or harder typifications of reciprocally understood meanings attached to social patterns. Their origin is explained by the sociology of knowledge and the ... More


Turning Tides: Countermovement Organizing, “False Memory Syndrome,” and the Struggle over Scientific Knowledge

Nancy Whittier

in The Politics of Child Sexual Abuse: Emotions, Social Movements, and the State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195325102
eISBN:
9780199869350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325102.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter looks at countermovement organizing, focusing on the False Memory Syndrome Foundation (FMSF). It highlights the struggles over the social construction of knowledge that came with the ... More


Testimony and the Value of Knowledge

Martin Kusch

in Epistemic Value

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter gives substance to the idea of a ‘communitarian value-driven epistemology’ by developing and combining ideas from Edward Craig's and Bernard Williams' ‘epistemic genealogy’ and Barry ... More


Public Policy as Social Construct: Multiple Meanings in Sustainable Development

Frank Fischer

in Democracy and Expertise: Reorienting Policy Inquiry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199282838
eISBN:
9780191712487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282838.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter demonstrates the ways in which policy is more fundamentally a sociopolitical construct than technical/instrumental tool, as it is approached in much of policy science. Employing a ... More


Karl Mannheim

Hans Blokland

in Modernization and Its Political Consequences: Weber, Mannheim, and Schumpeter

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300110814
eISBN:
9780300134827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300110814.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter then turns to Karl Mannheim, whose diagnosis on the social problems during his time still hold true today. It identifies the criticisms and influence Mannheim's work had, which can be ... More


What Is Social Epistemology? a Smorgasbord of Projects

Alvin I. Goldman

in Pathways to Knowledge: Private and Public

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138795
eISBN:
9780199833252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138791.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Philosophers, sociologists of knowledge, and other academics pursue the topic of social epistemology, but often in entirely disparate fashions. “Knowledge” is usually central to social epistemology, ... More


The Postcolonial Challenge

Julian Go

in Postcolonial Thought and Social Theory

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190625139
eISBN:
9780190625177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190625139.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter explores the implications of postcolonial thought for social science. Rather than only charging social science for its practical complicity with imperialism, postcolonial thought offers ... More


Masters of Uncertainty: Weather Forecasters and the Quest for Ground Truth

Phaedra Daipha

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226298542
eISBN:
9780226298719
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226298719.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This book draws on a two-year ethnography of forecasting operations at the National Weather Service (NWS) to theorize decision-making in action. Contrary to popular wisdom, weather forecasters are ... More


Mills’s Sociology and Pragmatism

Stanley Aronowitz

in Taking It Big: C. Wright Mills and the Making of Political Intellectuals

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231135412
eISBN:
9780231509503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231135412.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter first looks into Mills' relationship with pragmatism. It begins with a discussion of his first published essays on language and culture, which were written while he was still a graduate ... More


From IT Markets to the Sociology of Business Knowledge

Neil Pollock and Neil Williams

in How Industry Analysts Shape the Digital Future

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198704928
eISBN:
9780191774027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704928.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology, Strategy

Revisiting the central concerns of this book, the chapter asks whether the current portrayal of the ‘performativity’ of markets as (partially or fully) built around financial/economic theories—is ... More


Introduction

Daniel R. Huebner

in Becoming Mead: The Social Process of Academic Knowledge

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226171371
eISBN:
9780226171548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226171548.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

The introduction explains the motivations, background, tools, and materials of the study. George Herbert Mead occupies a problematic position, because he is known primarily in a discipline in which ... More


Seeing Truth, Hearing Truth

Jonathan B. Edelmann

in Hindu Theology and Biology: The Bhagavata Purana and Contemporary Theory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199641543
eISBN:
9780191732232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641543.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism, Religious Studies

Returning to the conflict (discussed in Chapter 3) between the epistemologies of this Hindu theology and modern science, this chapter examines the important and often overlooked role that testimony ... More


Becoming Mead: The Social Process of Academic Knowledge

Daniel R. Huebner

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226171371
eISBN:
9780226171548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226171548.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This study contributes to the sociology of knowledge and the history of the human sciences by tracing the complex social action processes through which knowledge is produced about a major classical ... More


An Engineer Dissects Two Case Studies An Engineer Dissects Two Case Studies Hayles on Fluid Mechanics and MacKenzie on Statistics Hayles on Fluid Mechanics and MacKenzie on Statistics Philip A. Sullivan

Philip A. Sullivan

in A House Built on Sand: Exposing Postmodernist Myths About Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195117257
eISBN:
9780199785995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195117255.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Building on a discussion of the nature of scientific knowledge, it is argued that a convincing demonstration of the presence of social values in the content of such knowledge requires showing that it ... More


Objective Knowledge in Review

Suzi Adams

in Castoriadis's Ontology: Being and Creation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780823234585
eISBN:
9780823240739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823234585.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Castoriadis's continuing reflections on science were critical in paving the way for a new reflection on physis and the creativity of nature. During the 1980s, Castoriadis's epistemological ... More


Pessimism, Positivism, and Relativism: Aerodynamic Knowledge in Context

David Bloor

in The Enigma of the Aerofoil: Rival Theories in Aerodynamics, 1909-1930

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226060941
eISBN:
9780226060934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226060934.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter begins with a brief account and defense of the main features of the Strong Program in the sociology of knowledge and the perspective it is designed to encourage. It is a perspective very ... More


A House Built on Sand: Exposing Postmodernist Myths About Science

Noretta Koertge (ed.)

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195117257
eISBN:
9780199785995
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195117255.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The interdisciplinary enterprise of Science, Technology and Society Studies (STS) fosters the view that the results of scientific inquiry are social constructions that are strongly influenced by ... More


Entanglements: Conversations on the Human Traces of Science, Technology, and Sound

Simone Tosoni and Trevor Pinch

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035279
eISBN:
9780262336550
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035279.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Based on several rounds of academic interview and conversations with Trevor Pinch, the book introduces the reader to the field of Science and Technology Studies (STS), and in particular to the social ... More


Gravity's Ghost and Big Dog: Scientific Discovery and Social Analysis in the Twenty-First Century

Harry Collins

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226052298
eISBN:
9780226052328
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226052328.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Based in the sociology of scientific knowledge the book describes, in real time, two potential discoveries of gravitational waves, known as the Equinox Event and Big Dog. These were made by the LIGO ... More


In Defense of Disciplines: Interdisciplinarity and Specialization in the Research University

Jerry A. Jacobs

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226069296
eISBN:
9780226069463
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226069463.001.0001
Subject:
Education, Higher Education

Jacobs raises questions about the increasing popularity of concept of interdisciplinarity, which is becoming a powerful force in American higher education. Reformers assert that blurring the ... More


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