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Egalitarianism

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter explores the consequence of taking Rawls' concerns about the strains of commitment to their logical extreme. If there is no external enforcement at all, so that all agreements must be ... More


Diminishing Vertical Distance: Power and Social Status as Barriers to Intergroup Reconciliation

Lasana T. Harris and Susan T. Fiske

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter argues that social emotions derived from power and perceived social status generate a skewed perception of the out-group, resulting in residual negative affect and the creation of a ... More


The Senior Civil Service in France

Luc Rouban

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In France, the notion of a senior civil servant is a social rather than a legal one, and senior civil servants may be defined through their role as privileged partners of political power and ... More


The Welfare State Managers: Senior Civil Servants in Sweden

Jon Pierre and Peter Ehn

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The first part of this chapter discusses retrenchment, recent institutional changes, and senior civil servants in Sweden; it attributes the recent changes in the senior civil service to the budgetary ... More


Work, Worklessness, and the Political Economy of Health

Clare Bambra

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199588299
eISBN:
9780191731372
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588299.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

We are told that ‘work is good for us’ and that ill-health is caused by ‘individual lifestyles’. Drawing on research from public health, social policy, epidemiology, geography, and political science, ... More


A Description of the Greek Higher Civil Service

Dimitri A. Sotiropoulos

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Formally, the higher civil service of Greece is a powerful group, but it also has a legitimate claim to relative powerlessness. Its subservient role is correlated with the perennial and problematic ... More


Social Change and the Accumulation of Incremental Effects

Russell J. Dalton

in Democratic Challenges, Democratic Choices: The Erosion of Political Support in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199268436
eISBN:
9780191708572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268436.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter tracks the changes in political support by generations and social status groups over time. The greatest decline in trust in government and political institutions has come among the ... More


From Shortys to Old Heads: Contemporary Social Trajectories of African American Males Across the Life Course

Waldo E. Johnson

in Social Work With African American Males: Health, Mental Health, and Social Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195314366
eISBN:
9780199865567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314366.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations, Health and Mental Health

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of early studies on the social status of African American men. It identifies the psychosocial, physical and mental health challenges faced by African ... More


The Restratification and Bureaucratization of Rural Life

Gail Kligman and Katherine Verdery

in Peasants under Siege: The Collectivization of Romanian Agriculture, 1949-1962

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149721
eISBN:
9781400840434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149721.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines new chances for social mobility and how village life was bureaucratized and politicized, along with the transformation of the earlier organizational forms involving kinship and ... More


Thomas Gray, “Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard”

Catherine Robson

in Heart Beats: Everyday Life and the Memorized Poem

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691119366
eISBN:
9781400845156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691119366.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter addresses some of the later psychological dimensions inherent within adolescents' and adults' internalization of a poem. It sets Thomas Gray's “Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard” ... More


Real-World Cluelessness

Michael Suk-Young Chwe

in Jane Austen, Game Theorist

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162447
eISBN:
9781400851331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162447.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter shows how cluelessness operates in the real world and offers five explanations for cluelessness. First, cluelessness can be considered as just another kind of mental laziness. Second, to ... More


Conclusion: Status in Ideology and Practice

Deborah Kamen

in Status in Classical Athens

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138138
eISBN:
9781400846535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138138.003.0012
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter summarizes key themes and presents some final thoughts. Through close analysis of various forms of evidence—literary, epigraphic, and legal—this book demonstrated that classical Athens ... More


Respectability, Sex, and Status

ALEXANDRA SHEPARD

in Meanings of Manhood in Early Modern England

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199299348
eISBN:
9780191716614
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299348.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter revisits debates about the gendered components of reputation in early modern England in order to question the extent to which male and female honour was incommensurable in line with the ... More


The Religion of Man (Mānuṣer Dharma): The Religious Ideals and Social Vision of the Kartābhajās

Hugh B. Urban

in The Economics of Ecstasy: Tantra, Secrecy and Power in Colonial Bengal

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139020
eISBN:
9780199834778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513902X.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Like the economic field of the late eighteenth century, the religious world of early colonial Bengal was also a vast “bazaar,” a marketplace of spiritual goods, both genuine and fake, in which ... More


Bastards (<i>Nothoi</i>)

Deborah Kamen

in Status in Classical Athens

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138138
eISBN:
9781400846535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138138.003.0007
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on nothoi. A nothos was defined as the child of two parents who were not legally married, hence the term's standard translation: “bastard.” Nothos status can be divided into two ... More


The Place of Music in the Artist’s Home

TRACY E. COOPER

in The Music Room in Early Modern France and Italy: Sound, Space and Object

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265055
eISBN:
9780191754166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265055.003.0004
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Visual representation of instruments and musical practice has long been integral to the study of the iconology and archaeology of early music. Critical to any assessment of such evidence is an ... More


Wealth, Status, and Power Before 1914

Youssef Cassis

in Big Business: The European Experience in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296065
eISBN:
9780191596056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296061.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The pre‐1914 years were the formative years, the years of big business social and political apprenticeship, the period during which accumulated wealth translated into social status and political ... More


The African American Male: The Social Policy Challenge of the Twenty-First Century

Earl S. Johnson and Waldo E. Johnson

in Social Work With African American Males: Health, Mental Health, and Social Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195314366
eISBN:
9780199865567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314366.003.0018
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations, Health and Mental Health

This chapter discusses the social and economic challenges faced by African American males. It then proposes a three-step policy process that would greatly improve the wellbeing, social integration, ... More


Geographies of Identity in Nineteenth-Century Japan

David Howell

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240858
eISBN:
9780520930872
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240858.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This pioneering study looks beneath the surface structures of the Japanese state to reveal the mechanism by which markers of polity, status, and civilization came together over the divide of the ... More


The Origins of Dispute: Status and Honour

Stuart Carroll

in Blood and Violence in Early Modern France

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199290451
eISBN:
9780191710490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290451.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Honour is not simply a moral code regulating conduct, like magic or Christianity, it is a world view. Since physical courage and unwillingness to accept humiliation are essential to male honour, ... More


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