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Policy Histories and Partisan Leadership in Presidential Studies: The Case of Social Security

Fiona Ross

in The Polarized Presidency of George W. Bush

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199217977
eISBN:
9780191711541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217977.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter seeks to illustrate the importance of both structural constraints deriving from the established trajectory of the policy regime itself and the relevance of the partisan character of key ... More


Coping With Permanent Austerity Welfare State Restructuring in Affluent Democracies

Paul Pierson

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This concluding chapter argues that the contemporary politics of the welfare state takes shape against a backdrop of both intense pressures for austerity and enduring popularity. In this context, ... More


Partisan Competition and Welfare State Retrenchment: When Do Politicians Choose Unpopular Policies?

Herbert Kitschelt

in The New Politics of the Welfare State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297567
eISBN:
9780191600104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297564.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the third of three chapters on the implications of electoral politics and the design of political institutions for welfare state adjustment. Kitschelt's main proposition is that the strategic ... More


Social Reform

Heather A. Haveman

in Magazines and the Making of America: Modernization, Community, and Print Culture, 1741-1860

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164403
eISBN:
9781400873883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164403.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter examines the relationship between magazines and social reform movements in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. In particular, it looks at the “benevolent empire,” an ... More


Introduction

Jochen Clasen

in Reforming European Welfare States: Germany and the United Kingdom Compared

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199270712
eISBN:
9780191603266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270716.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This introductory chapter reflects on the need for in-depth historically sensitive research on the development of advanced welfare states. Contrasting the diverging trends and social and economic ... More


Welfare state reform and restructuring

Jochen Clasen

in Reforming European Welfare States: Germany and the United Kingdom Compared

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199270712
eISBN:
9780191603266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270716.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter puts the book into the context of the contemporary discussion on welfare state reform, and reflects on major concepts and guiding notions, such as retrenchment, re-calibration, and ... More


Governing Animals: Animal Welfare and the Liberal State

Kimberly K. Smith

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199895755
eISBN:
9780199950522
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895755.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, American Politics

What is the role of government in protecting animal welfare? What principles should policy makers draw on as they try to balance animal welfare against human liberty? Much has been written in recent ... More


Conclusion

Jochen Clasen

in Reforming European Welfare States: Germany and the United Kingdom Compared

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199270712
eISBN:
9780191603266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270716.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter reviews the results of the empirical chapters in the light of conceptual and theoretical discussions in earlier chapters. It argues that historically sensitive diachronic comparisons of ... More


From Sentimentality to Social Reform: The Emergence of Radical Christian Liberalism

Dan McKanan

in Identifying the Image of God: Radical Christians and Nonviolent Power in the Antebellum United States

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145328
eISBN:
9780199834471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145321.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Offers an overview of antebellum social reform movements, with particular emphasis on temperance, abolitionism, and nonresistance. These movements had diverse causes, including Jeffersonian ... More


The Nature of Liberal Social Reform

Michael Freeden

in The New Liberalism: An Ideology of Social Reform

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229612
eISBN:
9780191678899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229612.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the middle range of ideological activity. It consists of the translation of general categories of social and politico-philosophical analysis and deontology concerning human ... More


Empirical Knowledge and the Reform of Society, 1864–1872

ERIK GRIMMER-SOLEM

in The Rise of Historical Economics and Social Reform in Germany 1864-1894

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199260416
eISBN:
9780191717369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260416.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

This chapter evaluates the closely related ascent of a new historical-statistical empiricism and social reform. It explores the strong links between empiricism, statistics, and historical scholarship ... More


Introduction

Heather A. Haveman

in Magazines and the Making of America: Modernization, Community, and Print Culture, 1741-1860

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164403
eISBN:
9781400873883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164403.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This book explores the role that magazines played in the modernization of America, and particularly in the development of translocal communities, during the period 1741–1860. Drawing on original data ... More


Human Rights and Democratization in Latin America: Uruguay and Chile

Alexandra Barahona de Brito

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280385
eISBN:
9780191598852
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280386.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This book analyses the Uruguayan and Chilean experiences with the transitional politics of truth and justice regarding past human rights violations. These policies are shaped by the legacy of ... More


The New Economics and the Public,1872–1880

ERIK GRIMMER-SOLEM

in The Rise of Historical Economics and Social Reform in Germany 1864-1894

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199260416
eISBN:
9780191717369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260416.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

This chapter evaluates the involvement of Schmoller and his colleagues in the rise of an organized social reform movement. It analyzes the dynamics that gave rise to Verein für Sozialpolitk, the ... More


Identifying the Image of God: Radical Christians and Nonviolent Power in the Antebellum United States

Dan McKanan

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145328
eISBN:
9780199834471
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145321.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This book traces the development of a theology of nonviolence in the popular literature of antebellum social reform movements. Between 1820 and 1860, American social reformers pioneered a “politics ... More


The Social Democratic Federation

Mark Bevir

in The Making of British Socialism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150833
eISBN:
9781400840281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150833.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter provides a detailed investigation of the background, thought, and politics of the members of the Social Democratic Federation (SDF). Several of the early members of the SDF were ... More


An Intellectual in Conservative Politics: The Case of Arthur Steel-Maitland

E. H. H. GREEN

in Ideologies of Conservatism: Conservative Political Ideas in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198205937
eISBN:
9780191717116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205937.003.0004
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter outlines perhaps the fullest, earliest Conservative response to Keynes through the ideas of the Conservative politician Arthur Steel–Maitland. These evolved from the time of his ... More


Understanding Social Change

Anthony F. Heath, John Ermisch, and Duncan Gallie (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263143
eISBN:
9780191734939
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263143.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

These chapters not only describe the major changes in British society in recent years, but seek to understand and explain what is happening in British society. One of the themes running through this ... More


Preaching Eugenics: Religious Leaders and the American Eugenics Movement

Christine Rosen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195156799
eISBN:
9780199835218
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515679X.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Preaching Eugenics tells the story of a heretofore-unexamined group of eugenics enthusiasts in the early half of the 20th century: American religious leaders. It describes how ... More


The Struggles of an “Orthodox Innovator”: George W. Bush, the Conservative Movement, and Domestic Policy

Jon Herbert

in Crisis of Conservatism?: The Republican Party, the Conservative Movement, and American Politics After Bush

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199764013
eISBN:
9780199897186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764013.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on George Bush's domestic policy. It examines four of Bush's domestic policy initiatives: education reform, the Medicare prescription drug benefit, social security reform and ... More


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