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Social Structure

Jan‐Erik Lane, David McKay, and Kenneth Newton

in Political Data Handbook: OECD Countries

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198280538
eISBN:
9780191601934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828053X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

This section presents statistics on the social structure in OECD countries. It features tables on ethno-linguistic structure, religious structure, income distribution, labour force, migration, index ... More


An Alternative Modernity: Mill on Capitalism and the Quality of Life

Nadia Urbinati

in John Stuart Mill and the Art of Life

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381245
eISBN:
9780199869213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381245.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The chapter shows how the dialogue with ancient moral philosophy prompted John Stuart Mill's reflection on modernity. To cultivate the “quality of life”—a Millian expression that echoes Aristotle's ... More


Out from the Shadows: Analytical Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy

Sharon L. Crasnow and Anita M. Superson (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199855469
eISBN:
9780199932788
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855469.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Philosophy is by its very nature a critical discipline. Due to its critical nature, all philosophy is progressive, building on the lessons of the past, offering new ways of thinking about the present ... More


Development and the Politics of Knowledge: A Critical Interpretation of the Social Role of Modernization Theories in the Development of the Third World

Tariq Banuri

in Dominating Knowledge: Development, Culture, and Resistance

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198286943
eISBN:
9780191684531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286943.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Economic Systems

This chapter argues that the intellectual dominance of the Western model has derived not from its inherent and unequivocal superiority but rather from the political dominance of those who believe in ... More


Human Nature and the Limits of Human Possibility

Gillian Barker

in Beyond Biofatalism: Human Nature for an Evolving World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171885
eISBN:
9780231540391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171885.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Evolutionary psychologists have argued that evolved human nature sets strict limits on what kinds of human society are possible--in particular, that attempts to overcome racism, gender inequity, ... More


Valuing Change

Gillian Barker

in Beyond Biofatalism: Human Nature for an Evolving World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171885
eISBN:
9780231540391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171885.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Evolutionary thinkers have often argued that evolved human nature means that many kinds of social change can come only at a cost. Their thinking about what counts as a cost and what as a benefit, ... More


The Cost of Change

Gillian Barker

in Beyond Biofatalism: Human Nature for an Evolving World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171885
eISBN:
9780231540391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171885.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Evolutionary psychologists have argued that many social changes that reformers have advocated would come only at intolerable cost, because of the limits imposed by evolved human nature. The costs ... More


On Progress

Philip Kitcher

in Performance and Progress: Essays on Capitalism, Business, and Society

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198744283
eISBN:
9780191805691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744283.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter offers a general approach to the concept of progress, illustrating it by two examples. The first focuses on the least controversial instance of progress, in the domain of the natural ... More


The Protestant Divide

Larry A. Witham

in Who Shall Lead Them?: The Future of Ministry in America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195315936
eISBN:
9780199851089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315936.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines divisions in the Protestant clergy in the United States. Historians calls this divide a two-party system and refer to it as a split between private salvation and social ... More


American Science, Scientific Method, and Social Progress

Albert E. Moyer

in A Scientist's Voice in American Culture: Simon Newcomb and the Rhetoric of Scientific Method

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520076891
eISBN:
9780520912137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520076891.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines Newcomb's perception of the institutional deficiencies of American science and his resulting call for wider public support of science. Seeking to convince the citizenry of the ... More


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