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Across the Boundaries: Extrapolation in Biology and Social Science

Daniel Steel

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195331448
eISBN:
9780199868063
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331448.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The biological and social sciences often generalize causal conclusions from one context to others that may differ in some relevant respects, as is illustrated by inferences from animal models to ... More


Introduction: Theoretical Invariance and Social Variance

A. Raghuramaraju

in Modernity in Indian Social Theory

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070122
eISBN:
9780199080014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070122.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

In India, philosophers have not attempted to overcome the existing limitation between social theory and social philosophy. Surprisingly, many of them are not even aware of this as a philosophical ... More


Sociology and Idealist Social Philosophy

Sandra M. Den Otter

in British Idealism and Social Explanation: A Study in Late Victorian Thought

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206002
eISBN:
9780191676901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206002.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Ideas

The slow inclusion of sociology in the older universities is a recurrent theme in studies attributing the failure of British sociology to institutional or organizational factors. Philip Abrams argued ... More


Agent_Zero: Toward Neurocognitive Foundations for Generative Social Science

Joshua M. Epstein

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158884
eISBN:
9781400848256
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158884.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This book introduces a new theoretical entity: Agent_Zero. This software individual, or “agent,” is endowed with distinct emotional/affective, cognitive/deliberative, and social modules. Grounded in ... More


Extrapolation and Heterogeneity

Daniel P. Steel

in Across the Boundaries: Extrapolation in Biology and Social Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195331448
eISBN:
9780199868063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331448.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter introduces the general methodological challenges that confront extrapolation in the biological and social sciences, and sketches the outlines of the mechanisms approach to those ... More


A History of Philosophy in America: 1720-2000

Bruce Kuklick

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199260164
eISBN:
9780191597893
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260168.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

I have been selective in my emphases rather than encyclopaedic and exhaustive. In focusing on American philosophy, the book makes implicit claims about thought and life related to a peculiar western ... More


Conclusion: A Philosophy of Social Welfare

Jose Harris

in William Beveridge: A Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206859
eISBN:
9780191677335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206859.003.0020
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

To conclude, Beveridge played a significant part in moulding the institutions of modern Britain over the 19th and early 20th centuries. He combined in his own person the roles of social scientist and ... More


The Explanatory Power of Ethics in Aristotle's Theory of Politics and Law

Andres Rosler

in Political Authority and Obligation in Aristotle

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199251506
eISBN:
9780191602306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251509.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

It takes exception to the claim that since his political theory addresses legislators and statesmen rather than citizens or subjects, Aristotle is therefore not concerned about the interests of ... More


Introduction

R. JAY WALLACE

in The Practice of Value

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199278466
eISBN:
9780191699986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278466.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The theory on how people evaluate valuable things in life as it is influenced by social conditions is explained in this book, which presents a revised text from the Tanner Lectures on Human Values ... More


Steel: Alfred Krupp

Harold James

in Krupp: A History of the Legendary German Firm

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153407
eISBN:
9781400841868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153407.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter sketches a portrait of Alfred Krupp. It describes how Alfred Krupp perfectly fits the mold of the heroic entrepreneur. Profoundly skeptical of joint-stock companies, banks, and ... More


Equality and diversity: Value incommensurability and the politics of recognition

Steven R. Smith

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847426079
eISBN:
9781447302209
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847426079.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This book explores the values of equality and diversity as promoted across liberal societies, drawing on various traditions of political and social philosophy, including liberal egalitarianism, ... More


Philosophy and Politics

Bruce Kuklick

in A History of Philosophy in America: 1720-2000

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199260164
eISBN:
9780191597893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260168.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

During the Revolutionary and Constitutional period, politics dominated the intellectual elite in a way that almost excluded religious claims. After this time, social and political thought developed ... More


History and the Social Sciences

Ezra Mendelsohn

in Studies in Contemporary Jewry: XII: Literary Strategies: Jewish Texts and Contexts

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195112030
eISBN:
9780199854608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195112030.003.0019
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter reviews the analysis on Max Weber's work made by Gary Abraham who details the impact of Weber's social philosophy, and that regnant in liberal German circles, on Weber's methodological ... More


Introduction

Jose Harris

in William Beveridge: A Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206859
eISBN:
9780191677335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206859.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

This book studies Beveridge's life and deals fully with Beveridge's private life, character, and personal relationships. The central theme of this study is Beveridge's role in the shaping of the ... More


Why Here? Why Now?

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter examines the idea that laws in society limit the arbitrariness of a ruler if a social philosophy gains acceptance that sees the ruler as subject to the laws. Laws in nature limit the ... More


The Variety of Therapeutics

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0052
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter provides detailed information on the variety of therapeutics available over the years. The influence of the Christian worldview had already been encouraging a religious healing for ... More


Institutionalism and Pragmatism

Paul Dragos Aligica

in Institutional Diversity and Political Economy: The Ostroms and Beyond

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199843909
eISBN:
9780199379026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199843909.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Chapter 6 notes that the overview of the Ostroms’ work in the light of some of its pivotal concepts (such as polycentricity, institutional diversity, IAD framework, institutional resilience, ... More


Mills’s Sociology and Pragmatism

Stanley Aronowitz

in Taking It Big: C. Wright Mills and the Making of Political Intellectuals

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231135412
eISBN:
9780231509503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231135412.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter first looks into Mills' relationship with pragmatism. It begins with a discussion of his first published essays on language and culture, which were written while he was still a graduate ... More


The Critical Theory of the Frankfurt School and the Theory of Recognition: Dialogue with Olivier Voirol

Axel Honneth

in Politics of Culture and the Spirit of Critique: Dialogues

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231151870
eISBN:
9780231526364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231151870.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter presents a dialogue with Axel Honneth, professor of philosophy at the Frankfurt School and director of the Institute for Social Research, regarding the status of Critical Theory as a ... More


The Right of Philosophy and the Facts of History: Foucault, Derrida, Descartes

Gabriel Rockhill

in Interventions in Contemporary Thought: History, Politics, Aesthetics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474405355
eISBN:
9781474422321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474405355.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter proposes a counter-history of a seminal debate in the transition from structuralism to post-structuralism. It calls into question the widespread assumption that Derrida rejects ... More


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