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Expanding and Reorienting the Scope of Economic Thinking

James Halteman and Edd Noell

in Reckoning with Markets: The Role of Moral Reflection in Economics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199763702
eISBN:
9780199932252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199763702.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter traces efforts to expand the approach of economic thinking to political, legal, social, and religious institutions. Using rational choice analysis, these efforts move the discussion ... More


Socialization

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines socialization and the process by which social norms become internalized, how this capacity for internalization could have evolved, and why the norms internalized tend to be ... More


Social Norms, Culture and Beliefs

Kaushik Basu

in Prelude to Political Economy: A Study of the Social and Political Foundations of Economics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296713
eISBN:
9780191595943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296711.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter explores the importance of social norms and beliefs in the economy. It argues that the prosperity of the economy is affected by attitudes towards work, level of mutual trust, standard of ... More


Deontic Constraint

Joseph Heath

in Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370294
eISBN:
9780199871230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter begins with a summary of the classical sociological solution to the problem of order advanced by Talcott Parsons. The central flaw in the solution is simply that it lacks deliberative ... More


Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

Joseph Heath

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370294
eISBN:
9780199871230
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book attempts to show how rule-following can be understood as an essential element of rational action. The first step involves showing how rational choice theory can be modified to incorporate ... More


Summary

Herbert Gintis

in The Bounds of Reason: Game Theory and the Unification of the Behavioral Sciences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160849
eISBN:
9781400851348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160849.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter summarizes the book's main points, covering game theory, the commonality of beliefs, the limits of rationality, social norms as correlated equilibria, and how reason is bounded by ... More


Refining Reflexivity

Jack Knight and James Johnson

in The Priority of Democracy: Political Consequences of Pragmatism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151236
eISBN:
9781400840335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151236.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter focuses on reflexivity and how it operates in democratic arrangements, considering a set of possible objections to this study's argument. The first potential objection is that the study ... More


The relevance of the concepts of formality and informality: a theoretical appraisal

Alice Sindzingre

in Linking the Formal and Informal Economy: Concepts and Policies

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204762
eISBN:
9780191603860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204764.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The concept of informality has encompassed an increasing number of meanings; referred to highly heterogeneous phenomena and measurement methods; and has been explored by development microeconomics ... More


Bayesian Rationality and Social Epistemology

Herbert Gintis

in The Bounds of Reason: Game Theory and the Unification of the Behavioral Sciences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160849
eISBN:
9781400851348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160849.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter uses epistemic game theory to expand on the notion of social norms as choreographer of a correlated equilibrium, and to elucidate the socio-psychological prerequisites for the notion ... More


Law from Order: Economic Development and the Jurisprudence of Social Norms

Robert D. Cooter

in A Not-so-dismal Science: A Broader View of Economies and Societies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294900
eISBN:
9780191596728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294905.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Considers how social norms affect the respective roles of private and public sectors. It is shown how private‐market interaction can sometimes give rise to social norms that are better than those ... More


Can Social Science Approaches Find the Law of Gravitation?

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

When a number of social scientists were given synthetic data that fitted the universal law of gravitation, they all missed the underlying pattern. Yet they found results satisfactory and complete by ... More


Economic Welfare Measurements and Human Well-being

Avner Offer

in The Economic Future in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263471
eISBN:
9780191734786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263471.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter focuses on alternative ways of measuring social welfare. These alternative measurements follow three approaches. The first involves extending the national accounts to incorporate ... More


Game Theory and Human Behavior

Herbert Gintis

in The Bounds of Reason: Game Theory and the Unification of the Behavioral Sciences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160849
eISBN:
9781400851348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160849.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

Game theory is multiplayer decision theory where the choices of each player affect the payoffs to other players, and the players take this into account in their choice behavior. This chapter ... More


Racism: An Evolving Virus 1

JORGE VALA and CÍCERO PEREIRA

in Racism and Ethnic Relations in the Portuguese-Speaking World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265246
eISBN:
9780191754197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265246.003.0004
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

Does it make sense to talk about racism in contemporary democratic societies? How can one explain the durability of racial prejudice and discrimination based on belief in the idea of race in formally ... More


Gender and Social Normativity

Charlotte Witt

in The Metaphysics of Gender

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199740413
eISBN:
9780199918720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740413.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains the notion of gender used in articulating the claim of gender essentialism, and begins by drawing a distinction between sex and gender. Next, it explores the nature of social ... More


Cooperative Homo economicus

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines whether recent advances in the theory of repeated games, as exemplified by the so-called folk theorem and related models, address the shortcomings of the self-interest based ... More


Minding Norms: Mechanisms and dynamics of social order in agent societies

Rosaria Conte, Giulia Andrighetto, and Marco Campennl (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199812677
eISBN:
9780199369553
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812677.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures, Cognitive Psychology

The book presents theoretical, methodological, and technical advances in the study of norms in societies of autonomous intelligent agents, based on a collaboration among social, computational, and ... More


Measuring Social Norms and Preferences Using Experimental Games: A Guide for Social Scientist s

Colin F. Camerer and Ernst Fehr

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The work of the cross‐cultural behavioural experiments project presented in this book is rooted in the logic of game theory and the practices of experimental economics, and this chapter provides an ... More


Global Environmental Problems, Voluntary Action, and Government Intervention

Andries Richter and Daan van Soest

in Global Environmental Commons: Analytical and Political Challenges in Building Governance Mechanisms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656202
eISBN:
9780191742149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656202.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The global community faces several very pressing environmental challenges such as climate change, depletion of the high-sea fisheries, and unprecedented rates of biodiversity loss. Governments are in ... More


A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Why do humans, uniquely among animals, cooperate in large numbers to advance projects for the common good? Contrary to the conventional wisdom in biology and economics, this generous and civic-minded ... More


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