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Social Difference as a Political Resource

Iris Marion Young

in Inclusion and Democracy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297550
eISBN:
9780191716751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297556.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Critics of a politics of difference have misidentified these social movements as asserting an identity politics of recognition. Most of these movements are better understood as resisting unjust ... More


The Cognitive Basis of Systems Integration: Redundancy of Context-generating Knowledge

Massimo Paoli

in The Business of Systems Integration

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263233
eISBN:
9780191718847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263233.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter argues that the strategic control over the technological and commercial evolution of complicated multi-technological platforms (families of products) calls for a deep control of the ... More


Epistemic Responsibility and Culpable Ignorance

José Medina

in The Epistemology of Resistance: Gender and Racial Oppression, Epistemic Injustice, and the Social Imagination

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199929023
eISBN:
9780199301522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199929023.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter elucidates the relationship between responsible agency and knowledge. I argue that responsible agency requires only minimal self-knowledge that need not include explanatory knowledge of ... More


The Geographies of Strategic Competence: Borrowing from Social and Educational Psychology to Sketch an Activity and Knowledge‐Based Theory of the Firm

J.‐C. Spender

in The Dynamic Firm: The Role of Technology, Strategy, Organization, and Regions

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296041
eISBN:
9780191596070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296045.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Sketches a consistent knowledge‐based theory of the firm where geography matters so that organizational knowledge must then also have a spatial dimension. The author differentiates four types of ... More


Democracy, Consequences, and Social Knowledge

John O. McGinnis

in Accelerating Democracy: Transforming Governance Through Technology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151021
eISBN:
9781400845453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151021.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter outlines a theory of a central function of social governance and an important function of democracy—assessing consequences of social policy—that underlies the need to create social ... More


The Swamping Problem Redux: Pith and Gist

Jonathan Kvanvig

in Social Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577477
eISBN:
9780191595189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577477.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

The Swamping Problem is one of the central problems in the new value-driven approach to epistemology that has arisen recently. It arises from the fact that value isn't always additive, so if you ... More


The Past and Future of Information Politics

John O. McGinnis

in Accelerating Democracy: Transforming Governance Through Technology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151021
eISBN:
9781400845453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151021.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This concluding chapter shows that our current need to enhance social knowledge is but the latest stage in the long history of exploiting technological progress to improve governance. From ancient ... More


Out of Our Minds: The Neuroethology of Primate Strategic Behavior

Louise Barrett and Drew Rendall

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0028
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter presents an alternative view to the notion that complex social behaviors in primates require complex brain processes. It argues that social behavior in primates may be mediated by ... More


Handbook of International Social Work: Human Rights, Development, and the Global Profession

Lynne M. Healy and Rosemary J. Link (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195333619
eISBN:
9780199918195
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333619.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

Global knowledge is increasingly essential for all aspects of social work. Today's professionals respond to concerns including permeable borders, the upheavals of war, displaced workers, natural ... More


Enabler 2: Manage Conversations

Georg Von Krogh, Kazuo Ichijo, and Ikujiro Nonaka

in Enabling Knowledge Creation: How to Unlock the Mystery of Tacit Knowledge and Release the Power of Innovation

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195126167
eISBN:
9780199848720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195126167.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

Because conversation happens to be the most common and natural of human activities, companies usually undervalue the fact that good conversation channels within the company may aid in an ... More


Accelerating Democracy: Transforming Governance Through Technology

John O. McGinnis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151021
eISBN:
9781400845453
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151021.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Successful democracies throughout history have used the technology of their time to gather information for better governance. Our challenge is no different today, but it is more urgent because the ... More


“But Mom, Crop-Tops Are Cute!”: Social Knowledge, Social Structure, and Ideology Critique

Sally Haslanger

in Resisting Reality: Social Construction and Social Critique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199892631
eISBN:
9780199980055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892631.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

If social facts are constituted by a kind of social consensus, then those whose beliefs conform to the consensus seem to have knowledge. But how, then, can ideology critique gain an epistemic grip? ... More


Social Constraints on the Visual Perception of Biological Motion

Kerri L. Johnson, Frank E. Pollick, and Lawrie S. McKay

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter sheds light on how the once-clear distinctions between the visual and social approaches to social categorization of the human body have begun to blur. First, it reviews findings from ... More


De-biasing Democracy

John O. McGinnis

in Accelerating Democracy: Transforming Governance Through Technology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151021
eISBN:
9781400845453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151021.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter discusses how democracy can adopt reforms, including those based on new information technology, to combat bias more effectively. These include reinforcing majority rule and ... More


The Boundaries of Finance in the Sociological Tradition

Alex Preda

in Framing Finance: The Boundaries of Markets and Modern Capitalism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226679310
eISBN:
9780226679334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226679334.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter engages in a sociological reflection upon the relationship between finance and the “spirit of capitalism.” While focusing the analysis on a restricted set of major accounts of the ... More


Social Change, Social Problems, and Demands for Knowledge

Neil J. Smelser and John S. Reed

in Usable Social Science

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780520273566
eISBN:
9780520954144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273566.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter is the first of two on the “bigger picture” of the general relations between social-science knowledge and the larger society. It deals with the sources of societal demands for such ... More


Coded Birds and Bees: Unscrambling Mum and the Sothsegger and The Boke of Cupide

HELEN BARR

in Socioliterary Practice in Late Medieval England

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198112426
eISBN:
9780191707865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198112426.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter argues that the narrative strategies and diction of Mum and the Sothsegger and The Boke of Cupide possess religious commentary because they form part of a language code whose social ... More


Social Conduct, Neurobiology, and Education

Hanna Damasio and Antonio Damasio

in Learning in the Global Era: International Perspectives on Globalization and Education

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254343
eISBN:
9780520941496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254343.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter explores the role of genetics and education in the patterning of social conduct. It presents the results of an in-depth comparative study of the intellectual and emotional capacities in ... More


Theory of mind: Insights from patients with acquired brain damage

Dana Samson and Caroline Michel

in Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from developmental social neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199692972
eISBN:
9780191758515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692972.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The ability to understand other people’s minds is surprisingly vulnerable to brain damage. It can be compromised in various neurological disorders and following damage to various brain areas. ... More


Counterpoints and continuities: the younger generation Intergenerational idioms – experience and perspectives

Kai Kresse

in Philosophising in Mombasa: Knowledge, Islam and Intellectual Practice on the Swahili Coast

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748627868
eISBN:
9780748652976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627868.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, African Studies

Looking back at the contextual portrayals of Ahmed Sheikh Nabhany, Ahmad Nassir Juma Bhalo, and Sheikh Abdilahi Nassir, it is evident that these diverse Swahili intellectuals have produced a ... More


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