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A Race to the Bottom?

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter focuses on the argument that recent years have seen a ‘race to the bottom’ in social spending. Using comparative data from 21 OECD countries, it shows that social spending has been ... More


The Structure of Social Provision

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Seeks to use disaggregated measures of social expenditure derived from the OECD Social Expenditure Database (SOCX) to measure the extent of recent change in the structure of social provision and to ... More


On Crises, Myths, and Measurement

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Explores the themes of what follows. It argues that the welfare state literature of the past quarter century has been big on crisis theories of the welfare state and much weaker on facts. The chapter ... More


Explaining Expenditure Outcomes

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Uses statistical techniques to model the determinants of aggregate social expenditure change in 21 OECD countries over the period 1980 to 1998. The main focus is on testing hypotheses relating to the ... More


Towards a Steady-state Welfare State?

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Seeks to draw the main implications of the previous analysis. It argues that, in recent decades, rather than being under immediate threat, the welfare state in most Western nations has been ... More


Population Ageing and the Public Purse

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Examines the supposed threat to the future trajectory of social spending posed by population ageing. An initial focus is on the contrast between the sense of crisis characterizing popular and ... More


The Aim Is Not Spending Per Se

Lane Kenworthy

in Progress for the Poor

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199591527
eISBN:
9780191731389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591527.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Government social transfers account for a much larger share of GDP in Sweden and Denmark than in the United States. But the U.S. government distributes more benefits in the form of tax breaks rather ... More


Tracking caseloads: the changing composition of working-age benefit receipt in Europe

Johan De Deken and Jochen Clasen

in Regulating the Risk of Unemployment: National Adaptations to Post-Industrial Labour Markets in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199592296
eISBN:
9780191731471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592296.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Reliable cross-national information about the number of working-age persons in receipt of income transfers (caseloads) would be highly valuable for comparative welfare state research, as well as for ... More


Unions' Involvement in the Welfare State

Tito Boeri, Agar Brugiavini, Lars Calmfors, Alison Booth, Michael Burda, Daniele Checchi, Bernhard Ebbinghaus, Richard Freeman, Pietro Garibaldi, Bertil Holmlund, Robin Naylor, Martin Schludi, Thierry Verdier, and Jelle Visser

in The Role of Unions in the Twenty-first Century: A Report for the Fondazione Rodolfo Debenedetti

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246588
eISBN:
9780191596001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246580.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Shows that there are important correlations between the unions' strength and activities and their welfare outcomes. The chapter provides a taxonomy of the large differences across countries in ... More


Towards social investment? Patterns of public policy in the OECD world

Rita Nikolai

in Towards A Social Investment Welfare State?: Ideas, Policies and Challenges

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9781847429247
eISBN:
9781447305613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847429247.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter analyses the extent to which the social investment perspective finds its expression in the social expenditure profile of the OECD member states. It traces the development of public ... More


The Changing Nature of Inequality in South Africa

Carolyn Jenkins and Lynne Thomas

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This is the fourth of five country case studies on income inequality, and looks at the case of South Africa. After an introduction, the second section of the chapter reviews the evolution of ... More


Instability and Growth

Deepak Lal and H. Myint

in The Political Economy of Poverty, Equity and Growth: A Comparative Study

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294320
eISBN:
9780191596582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294328.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Questions of macroeconomic stability and growth are examined, and a number of developing countries from the study addressed in the book are identified, in which growth collapsed during the more ... More


Identifying the Skeleton of the Social Investment State: Defining and Measuring Patterns of Social Policy Change on the Basis of Expenditure Data

Johan De Deken

in Reconciling Work and Poverty Reduction: How Successful Are European Welfare States?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199926589
eISBN:
9780199369720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926589.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

In this chapter the possibilities and limitations of using expenditure data to measure ‘social investment’ are discussed. The analysis of expenditure data is an obvious choice for attempts to ... More


Child and family policies in an era of social policy retrenchment and restructuring

Sheila B. Kamerman and Alfred J. Kahn

in Child well-being, child poverty and child policy in modern nations (Revised 2nd Edition): What do we know?

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861342539
eISBN:
9781447301738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861342539.003.0021
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter discusses child and family policies during an era of social policy retrenchment and restructuring. The first section includes an overview of government investment in children and their ... More


What if we waited a little longer? The dependent variable problem within the comparative analysis of the welfare state revisited

Stefan Kühner

in Social policy review 27: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2015

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781447322771
eISBN:
9781447322795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447322771.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Generally regarded as the main trigger for the ‘welfare modelling business’, Esping-Andersen’s (1990) Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism also heralded the so-called ‘dependent variable problem’ ... More


Austerity: more than the sum of its parts

Kevin Farnsworth and Zoë Irving

in Social Policy In Times of Austerity: Global economic crisis and the new politics of welfare

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781447319115
eISBN:
9781447319146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447319115.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter argues that despite its currency within social policy debate, ‘austerity’ itself remains under-scrutinised and under-theorised and sets out what, if anything, is new about this ‘new ... More


Human Development and Fiscal Policy: Comparing the Crises of 1982–5 and 2008–11

Bruno Martorano, Giovanni Andrea Cornia, and Frances Stewart

in Towards Human Development: New Approaches to Macroeconomics and Inequality

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780198706083
eISBN:
9780191775260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198706083.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The chapter juxtaposes the fiscal policies, in particular the changes in social expenditures, adopted during the debt crisis of 1982–5 and the financial crisis of 2008–11. It shows that, in contrast ... More


What Matters for Strong Performance?

Sakiko Fukuda-Parr, Terra Lawson-Remer, and Susan Randolph

in Fulfilling Social and Economic Rights

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199735501
eISBN:
9780190226701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735501.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Democratization

The chapter examines country characteristics associated with strong and weak performance in social and economic rights fulfillment. Are democratically accountable governments more (or less) likely to ... More


The Relationship between Human Development and Economic Growth

Frances Stewart, Gustav Ranis, and Emma Samman

in Advancing Human Development: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198794455
eISBN:
9780191835902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794455.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explores the interactions between economic growth and human development, as measured by the Human Development Index, theoretically and empirically. Drawing on many studies it explores ... More


Social research and state planning

Peter Murray and Maria Feeney

in Church, State and Social Science in Ireland: Knowledge Institutions and the Rebalancing of Power, 1937-73

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781526100788
eISBN:
9781526120823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526100788.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

Chapter 6 examines the relationship between the programming state and social research. Initial crisis conditions had enabled increased social spending to be left off the government programmers’ ... More


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