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Before and After the Interregnum: The Evolution of the Two “Modes” of Religion

Matt J. Rossano

in Supernatural Selection: How Religion Evolved

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195385816
eISBN:
9780199870080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385816.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter 6 examines the evolutionary origins of religion prior to the African Interregnum period and looks at what happen to religion after this period. Prior to the Interregnum, it is argued that the ... More


Social Emotions

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines the role of social emotions such as guilt and shame in supporting human cooperation, and how these could have evolved. It first models the process by which an emotion such as ... More


A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Why do humans, uniquely among animals, cooperate in large numbers to advance projects for the common good? Contrary to the conventional wisdom in biology and economics, this generous and civic-minded ... More


How Positive Social Emotions Motivate Actions for the Future Self: Building Bonds, Attaining Ambitions, and Establishing Esteem

Lisa A. Williams and David DeSteno

in Positive Emotion: Integrating the Light Sides and Dark Sides

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199926725
eISBN:
9780199394531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926725.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Strong social relationships, goal-attainment, and feeling esteemed by peers are critical components of adaptive social life and well-being. This chapter provides an overview of how positive social ... More


Socialism with Modesty

Julien A. Deonna, Raffaele Rodogno, and Fabrice Teroni

in In Defense of Shame: The Faces of an Emotion

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199793532
eISBN:
9780199928569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793532.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

In this chapter, which responds to chapter 1, we use the value pluralism that is part of our account of shame to criticize the idea that shame is a social emotion, i.e. that it necessarily connects ... More


Insight, Consistency, and Plans for Living

Allan Gibbard

in Reconciling Our Aims: In Search of Bases for Ethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195370423
eISBN:
9780199851980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370423.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses moral reasoning. It presents a situation wherein morality lies outside the scope of empirical science. It notes that science itself rests on intuitions about the justification ... More


The Male Flash of Anger: Violent Response to Transgression as an Example of the Intersection of Evolved Psychology and Culture

Daniel M. T. Fessler

in Missing the Revolution: Darwinism for social scientists

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195130027
eISBN:
9780199893874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130027.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

The male flash of anger illustrates how evolutionary psychology and cultural anthropology provide complementary components in vertically integrated explanations. Anger is a response to transgression ... More


Collective Emotions

Christian von Scheve and Mikko Salmela (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199659180
eISBN:
9780191772238
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659180.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This book presents a comprehensive overview of contemporary theories and research on collective emotions. It spans several disciplines and brings together, for the first time, various strands of ... More


Emotions, sociology, and protest

James M. Jasper

in Collective Emotions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199659180
eISBN:
9780191772238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659180.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Sociology locates emotions, not in the individual and not in “the group”, but in between these two, in the interactions among individuals. But these interactions are shaped by cultural expectations, ... More


Shame

Dan Zahavi

in Self and Other: Exploring Subjectivity, Empathy, and Shame

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199590681
eISBN:
9780191789656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590681.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter engages with the topic of shame. What does the fact that we feel shame tell us about the nature of self? Does shame testify to the presence of a self-concept, a (failed) self-ideal, and ... More


An Apology for Moral Shame

Cheshire Calhoun

in Moral Aims: Essays on the Importance of Getting It Right and Practicing Morality with Others

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199328796
eISBN:
9780190272104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199328796.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Making a place for shame in the mature moral agent’s psychology would seem to depend on reconciling the agent’s vulnerability to shame with her capacity for autonomous judgment. The standard strategy ... More


A Social-Contextual View of Envy in Organizations: From Both Envier and Envied Perspectives

Lingtao Yu and Michelle K. Duffy

in Envy at Work and in Organizations

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190228057
eISBN:
9780190629458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190228057.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter, we review the extant literature regarding envy in organizations, identifying the ways people express and respond to envy from two different perspectives: the enviers and the envied. ... More


Virtues of Passivity in the English Civil War

in The Secret History of Emotion: From Aristotle's Rhetoric to Modern Brain Science

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226309798
eISBN:
9780226309934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226309934.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In the background of the dubious triumph of emotional Cartesianism, this chapter advances the genealogical project of reconstituting social emotions by first showing how they have been obscured: in ... More


Memory, imagination, and the evolution of modern language

Simona Ginsburg and Eva Jablonka

in The Social Origins of Language

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199665327
eISBN:
9780191779725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665327.003.0022
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter suggests that the existence of nascent linguistic communication among archaic humans enabled the evolution of a new type of memory-encoding and recall, word-based episodic recall. ... More


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