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Governing Animals: Animal Welfare and the Liberal State

Kimberly K. Smith

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199895755
eISBN:
9780199950522
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895755.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, American Politics

What is the role of government in protecting animal welfare? What principles should policy makers draw on as they try to balance animal welfare against human liberty? Much has been written in recent ... More


Contracts

Kimberly K. Smith

in Governing Animals: Animal Welfare and the Liberal State

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199895755
eISBN:
9780199950522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895755.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, American Politics

This chapter addresses whether a liberal government may legitimately enforce our moral duties to animals, given the liberal principle of limited government. Liberal theory teaches that the purpose of ... More


Hegel and Social Contract Theory

Alan Patten

in Hegel's Idea of Freedom

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251568
eISBN:
9780191598180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251568.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Considers how Hegel could both accept the starting point of social contract theory (the commitment to freedom) and reject what contractarians take to be an obvious implication of that starting point ... More


The Objects of Social Contracts

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Social contracts theories are discussed in ten sections: (1) rules versus discretion; (2) outcome‐versus resource‐based evaluative principles; (3) political competition and civil liberties; (4) ... More


On the Logic of Justifying Political Authority

Rex Martin

in A System of Rights

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292937
eISBN:
9780191599811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292937.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Three elements of authority are identified—a government's rightful title to issue rules, a reasonable expectation of compliance with them, and the propriety of using coercive enforcement to back them ... More


A General Jurisprudence of Law and Society

Brian Z. Tamanaha

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199244676
eISBN:
9780191715044
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244676.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This book provides a theoretical and sociological exploration of the relationship between law and society. Law is generally understood to be a mirror of society — a reflection of its customs and ... More


Gendered Models of Social Relations: How Moral and Political Culture Closes Minds and Hearts

Diana Tietjens Meyers

in Gender in the Mirror: Cultural Imagery and Women's Agency

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140415
eISBN:
9780199871476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140419.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A number of feminists amplify care ethics by urging that the relationship between a mother and a child might make a better model for conceptualizing justice than the dominant model in western ... More


From Social Contract Theory to Sociable Contract Theory

Brian E. Butler

in The Democratic Constitution: Experimentalism and Interpretation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226474502
eISBN:
9780226474649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226474649.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Constitutional law theories often rest upon a foundational conception of the social contract. For instance John Rawls’ theory of justice rests upon a contractual idea whereby once and for all ... More


The democratic social contract

Albert Weale

in Democratic Justice and the Social Contract

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199684649
eISBN:
9780191765063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684649.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Social organization can be viewed as a form of social contract, although not all forms of such contracts are just. One way of defining just social contracts is by reference to a hypothetical social ... More


Democratic Justice and the Social Contract

Albert Weale

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199684649
eISBN:
9780191765063
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684649.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book offers a theory of democratic justice. According to the theory, justice emerges from collective agreement among political associates who enjoy approximate equality of power. Such situations ... More


The Closed Commercial State: Perpetual Peace and Commercial Society from Rousseau to Fichte

Isaac Nakhimovsky

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148946
eISBN:
9781400838752
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148946.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book presents an important new account of Johann Gottlieb Fichte's Closed Commercial State, a major early nineteenth-century development of Rousseau and Kant's political thought. This book shows ... More


Introduction: Romanticism and the Social Contract

Zoe Beenstock

in The Politics of Romanticism: The Social Contract and Literature

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781474401036
eISBN:
9781474422147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474401036.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This introduction argues that not only have Romantic works been shaped by social contract theory’s tensions, but also their reception. The historical-political turn in Romanticism studies has brought ... More


The Hobbesian Hypothesis: How a Colonial Prejudice Became an Essential Premise in the Most Popular Justification of Government

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces the role of “the Hobbesian hypothesis” in social contract theory by discussing how Thomas Hobbes introduced it. It defines the version of “the Lockean proviso” relevant to ... More


The Politics of Romanticism: The Social Contract and Literature

Zoe Beenstock

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781474401036
eISBN:
9781474422147
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474401036.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This book examines the relationship between two major traditions which have not been considered in conjunction: British Romanticism and social contract philosophy. It argues that an emerging ... More


Kinship and the Structuralist Social Contract

Camille Robcis

in The Law of Kinship: Anthropology, Psychoanalysis, and the Family in France

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451294
eISBN:
9780801468407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451294.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter analyzes Lévi-Strauss's and Lacan's early texts on kinship, which are considered as social contract theories and as a structuralist social contract. While Lévi-Strauss was primarily ... More


Hume’s Critique of Locke on Contract

G. A. Cohen

Jonathan Wolff (ed.)

in Lectures on the History of Moral and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149004
eISBN:
9781400848713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149004.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines David Hume's critique of social contract theory, and particularly John Locke's claim that legitimate government gains its legitimacy from the consent of the governed. It asserts ... More


Lectures on the History of Moral and Political Philosophy

Jonathan Wolff and G. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149004
eISBN:
9781400848713
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149004.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

G. A. Cohen was one of the leading political philosophers of recent times. He first came to wide attention in 1978 with the prize-winning book Karl Marx's Theory of History: A Defence. In subsequent ... More


Building Legitimate States After Civil Wars

David A. Lake

in Strengthening Peace in Post-Civil War States: Transforming Spoilers into Stakeholders

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226351247
eISBN:
9780226351261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226351261.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The current model of state-building employed by the international community has been roundly criticized. Importantly, it implicitly rests on a formal-legal conception of legitimacy in which law or ... More


Poverty Knowledge, Coercion, and Social Rights: A Discourse Ethical Contribution to Social Epistemology

David Ingram

in Poverty, Agency, and Human Rights

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199975877
eISBN:
9780199396917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199975877.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The chapter argues that coercion should be the most salient concern of poverty experts by appealing to two distinct areas of philosophical inquiry: social epistemology and moral theory. The dominant ... More


Fair Shares: A Biological Approach to Social Justice

Peter A. Corning

in Holistic Darwinism: Synergy, Cybernetics, and the Bioeconomics of Evolution

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226116136
eISBN:
9780226116334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226116334.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter proposes a political ideology called fair shares. It explains that the fair shares ideology is a biologically grounded approach to social justice that enables definition of a middle ... More


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