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United States

Mark J. Joe

in Political Determinants of Corporate Governance: Political Context, Corporate Impact

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199205301
eISBN:
9780191695612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205301.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Business History

In the United States, the absence of social democracy made ownership separation easier than it was anywhere else, as pro-shareholder institutions, while not every bit as strong as shareholders would ... More


Social Conflicts as Pillars of Democratic Market Society

Albert O. Hirschman

in The Essential Hirschman

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159904
eISBN:
9781400848409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159904.003.0016
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter extols the virtues of bargaining, tension, and conflict as means to experiment and compromise—without leading to false consensus or conformity. Whereas much of social theory sees ... More


Why Do Networks Matter? Rationalist and Structuralist Interpretations

Roger V. Gould

in Social Movements and Networks: Relational Approaches to Collective Action

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251780
eISBN:
9780191599057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251789.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Evaluates the contribution of the relational perspective to our understanding of individual activism by contrasting it to traditional rational choice theory. The author exposes the limitations of ... More


When Selves Collide

Mark R. Leary

in The Curse of the Self: Self-Awareness, Egotism, and the Quality of Human Life

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172423
eISBN:
9780199786756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172423.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

A great deal of unhappiness in friendships, romances, family relationships, and social life can be traced to how people construe themselves in their own minds. Once people form a social identity, ... More


The Dimensions of Social Conflict at the End of World War I

Charles S. Maier

in Recasting Bourgeois Europe: Stabilization in France, Germany, and Italy in the Decade after World War I

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691169798
eISBN:
9781400873708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691169798.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines social conflict at the end of World War I in three dimensions: in terms of class, elite, and interest groups. Conservatives throughout Europe were preoccupied with class ... More


Chaucerian Conflict: Languages of Antagonism in Late Fourteenth-Century London

Marion Turner

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207893
eISBN:
9780191709142
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207893.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This book explores the textual environment of London in the 1380s and 1390s, revealing a language of betrayal, surveillance, slander, treason, rebellion, flawed idealism, and corrupted compaignyes. ... More


The Trap

Phillip Brown, Hugh Lauder, and David Ashton

in The Global Auction: The Broken Promises of Education, Jobs, and Incomes

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199731688
eISBN:
9780199944125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731688.003.0024
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter looks at the concept of the opportunity trap. It shows that opportunity has previously bonded the individual to society, but is now a source of intense social conflict. The chapter also ... More


Upscaling Downtown: From Bowery Saloons to Cocktail Bars in New York City

Richard E. Ocejo

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155166
eISBN:
9781400852635
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155166.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

Once known for slum-like conditions in its immigrant and working-class neighborhoods, New York City's downtown now features luxury housing, chic boutiques and hotels, and, most notably, a vibrant ... More


Agent_Zero: Toward Neurocognitive Foundations for Generative Social Science

Joshua M. Epstein

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158884
eISBN:
9781400848256
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158884.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This book introduces a new theoretical entity: Agent_Zero. This software individual, or “agent,” is endowed with distinct emotional/affective, cognitive/deliberative, and social modules. Grounded in ... More


Contested Spaces: Forest Rights, Registration, and Social Conflict

Peter Ho

in Institutions in Transition: Land Ownership, Property Rights and Social Conflict in China

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280698
eISBN:
9780191602528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928069X.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Assesses the forest property rights system with particular reference to forest registration and customary forest rights. It is argued that—different than in the case of cropland—the forest tenure ... More


Habitats in Human History

Madhav Gadgil and Ramachandra Guha

in This Fissured Land: An Ecological History of India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198077442
eISBN:
9780199082155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077442.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter discusses the aspects of technology, economy, social organization, ideology, and the ecological impact of gathering, nomadic pastoralism, settled cultivation, and industry. It then ... More


Social Hierarchy, Social Conflicts, and Moral Development

Elliot Turiel

in International Perspectives on Youth Conflict and Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178425
eISBN:
9780199958528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178425.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

This chapter offers a theoretical perspective on social and moral development, relevant to discussions of youth conflict and violence. Rejecting the idea that cultures have singular integrated ... More


Fomenting Class War

Gail Kligman and Katherine Verdery

in Peasants under Siege: The Collectivization of Romanian Agriculture, 1949-1962

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149721
eISBN:
9781400840434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149721.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter describes the “class war” that aimed to decapitate the village elite, turn other villagers against them, and raise up the village poor. Class war was crucial to creating the “socialist ... More


Conceptual Foundations

Marc Stears

in Progressives, Pluralists, and the Problems of the State: Ideologies of Reform in the United States and Britain, 1909–1926

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199291632
eISBN:
9780191700668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291632.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Freedom was emphasized as a necessity by radical political theorists who argued that the supreme evil of modern industrial society was not poverty but rather the absence of liberty. A coherent and ... More


War and Society

Stephen Conway

in War, State, and Society in Mid-Eighteenth-Century Britain and Ireland

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199253753
eISBN:
9780191719738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253753.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter explores the impact of war on society. It considers how the wars affected gender relations, social mobility, social conflict, the response to the problems generated by demobilization, ... More


The Social Construction of Entrepreneurs

Annette Miae Kim

in Learning to be Capitalists: Entrepreneurs in Vietnam's Transition Economy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369397
eISBN:
9780199871032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369397.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter outlines the alignment of interests which helped form the new economic relations and transactions behind Vietnam's private real estate market. Introducing the term fiscal socialism, it ... More


Three City-State Experiences

David Stasavage

in States of Credit: Size, Power, and the Development of European Polities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140575
eISBN:
9781400838875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140575.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines public credit and political representation in three European city-states: Cologne, Genoa, and Siena. The goal is to identify the mechanisms at work that determined whether a ... More


On the Legitimacy of Confucian Constitutionalism

Joseph Chan

in A Confucian Constitutional Order: How China's Ancient Past Can Shape Its Political Future

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154602
eISBN:
9781400844845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154602.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter asserts the idea that Confucianism can positively shape political institutions, legislation, and policy making. However, it argues that promoting Confucianism as a comprehensive doctrine ... More


The War, Society, and Culture

Stephen Conway

in The British Isles and the War of American Independence

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199254552
eISBN:
9780191698231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254552.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter looks at the impact of the war on society and culture. It considers the ways in which the conflict affected women and gender relations, the social mobility and social conflict generated ... More


The Legacy of the First World War

Charles H. Feinstein, Peter Temin, and Gianni Toniolo

in The World Economy between the World Wars

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195307559
eISBN:
9780199867929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307559.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The First World War marked the watershed between the 19th and 20th centuries. The former was characterized by a relatively well-functioning international payment system based on the gold standard. ... More


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