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Institutions and the Evolution of European Democracy

Peter A. Hall

in Governing Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250158
eISBN:
9780191599439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250154.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The purpose of this chapter is to place contemporary debate about European democracy in a wider historical context by considering how analyses of the institutions that underpin democracy in Europe ... More


Instrumental and Pavlovian Conditioning Analogs of Familiar Social Processes

Robert Ervin Cramer and Robert Frank Weiss

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735969
eISBN:
9780199894529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0133
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Participation in conversation is reinforced by the opportunity to speak in reply. People will learn an instrumental response, the sole reinforcement for which is the deliverance of another human ... More


The Physical and the Social

Dray William H.

in History as Re-Enactment: R. G. Collingwood's Idea of History

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238812
eISBN:
9780191679780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238812.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

R. G. Collingwood has also been accused, because of the way he emphasises the historian's concern with past ‘thought’, of ignoring the considerable role played by physical conditions in history, and ... More


Religious Reading: The Place of Reading in the Practice of Religion

Paul J. Griffiths

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195125771
eISBN:
9780199853335
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195125771.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

What social conditions and intellectual practices are necessary in order for religious cultures to flourish? This book finds the answer in “religious reading” — the kind of reading in which a ... More


Social context and youth health: understanding and mitigating exclusion

M Judith Lynam

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.07
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter offers insights from a research programme that aims to extend our understanding of how social conditions contributing to health inequalities are experienced by teenagers, including ... More


Cultural/Societal Characteristics That Make Hostility and Violence More Likely

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter identifies the cultural and societal characteristics that can increase the likelihood of mass violence. One of these is a history of devaluation of and discrimination against a group. ... More


Forgotten Families: Ending the Growing Crisis Confronting Children and Working Parents in the Global Economy

Jody Heymann

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195335248
eISBN:
9780199851362
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335248.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In the last half-century, radical changes have rippled through the workplace and the home from Boston to Mumbai. In the face of rapid globalization, these changes affect us all, and we can no longer ... More


Churches and Social Policy, 1918–1939

G.I.T. Machin

in Churches and Social Issues in Twentieth-Century Britain

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198217800
eISBN:
9780191678271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217800.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Religion

Having won in the First World War, the Lloyd George Coalition in Britain wished also to win the peace — that is, to provide the much better social conditions which government ministers had extolled ... More


Happiness and Humour

Theodore Zeldin

in France 1848–1945: Volume Two: Intellect, Taste and Anxiety

Published in print:
1977
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198221258
eISBN:
9780191678424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198221258.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter begins with a discussion of why happiness has held such an ambiguous place in French life. In the eighteenth century, the French were as keen on happiness as the Americans. On the ... More


Society, Class and Gender

Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen

in Hunger and Public Action

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283652
eISBN:
9780191596193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283652.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The authors note the misleading nature of the distinction between man‐made and natural famine, before moving on to emphasise the role of social conditions and cooperative conflicts in the genesis of ... More


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