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Social Networks and Social Complexity in Female-bonded Primates

Julia Lehmann, Katherine Andrews, and Robin Dunbar

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Most primates are intensely social and spend a large amount of time servicing social relationships. The social brain hypothesis suggests that the evolution of the primate brain has been driven by the ... More


The Futility Thesis

Joseph V. Femia

in Against the Masses: Varieties of Anti-Democratic Thought Since the French Revolution

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280637
eISBN:
9780191599231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280637.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The futility thesis argues that power elites are necessary in society. Two different types of explanation are offered: psychological and organizational. The former is illustrated through a critical ... More


Conclusion

Joseph V. Femia

in Against the Masses: Varieties of Anti-Democratic Thought Since the French Revolution

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280637
eISBN:
9780191599231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280637.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Summarizes the various arguments of the book and further explores the idea of unanticipated consequences and its significance for democratic and anti‐democratic thought. Anti‐democratic thinkers ... More


Conclusion: The Complexity of Small Things

DAVID GARY SHAW

in The Creation of a Community: The City of Wells in the Middle Ages

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204015
eISBN:
9780191676086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204015.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Although Wells was a town of, at best, medium size throughout the Middle Ages, it was a surprisingly complex place and yet it easily kept its identity, because of the continuation of institutions ... More


“Every Move You Make”: First Signs of the Supernatural Eye

Matt J. Rossano

in Supernatural Selection: How Religion Evolved

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195385816
eISBN:
9780199870080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385816.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter 3 continues to trace religion’s evolutionary history by identifying three “primitive” traits of religion: ancestor worship, animism, and shamanism. It is argued that these are religion’s ... More


Social Identity and Citizenship in a Pluralistic Society

Marilynn B. Brewer

in The Political Psychology of Democratic Citizenship

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195335453
eISBN:
9780199893904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335453.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

A large body of research has demonstrated the centrality of group identification to political behaviors and attitudes. This chapter examines the interrelationships among multiple overlapping group ... More


Mediterranean Urbanization 800-600 BC

Robin Osborne and Barry Cunliffe (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263259
eISBN:
9780191734618
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263259.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Urban life as we know it in the Mediterranean began in the early Iron Age: settlements of great size and internal diversity appear in the archaeological record. This collection of essays offers a ... More


Social group transformation

Andrew F. G. Bourke

in Principles of Social Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199231157
eISBN:
9780191774553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231157.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The size–complexity hypothesis proposes that social group transformation (emergence of complex, individualistic groups) occurs when group size increases. Complex social groups exhibit a high degree ... More


the Chumash, Pomo, and Patwin: Comparative Analysis and Final Thoughts

Lynn H. Gamble

in The Chumash World at European Contact: Power, Trade, and Feasting Among Complex Hunter-Gatherers

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520254411
eISBN:
9780520942684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254411.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter reviews briefly the evidence that characterizes the Chumash as complex hunter-gatherers. It discusses the relationship between resource abundance, adaptive mechanisms that cope with ... More


Machiavellian intelligence

Richard Byrne

in The Thinking Ape: Evolutionary Origins of Intelligence

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522652
eISBN:
9780191688676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522652.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the background and evidence for the Machiavellian intelligence hypothesis. The essence of the Machiavellian intelligence hypothesis is that intelligence evolved in social ... More


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