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Primate Social Cognition: Thirty Years After Premack and Woodruff

Alexandra G. Rosati, Laurie R. Santos, and Brian Hare

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter addresses two aspects of primate social cognition—understanding of intentional, goal-directed action, and understanding perceptions, knowledge, and beliefs—focusing on the newest ... More


Gods and Why They Matter

Todd Tremlin

in Minds and Gods: The Cognitive Foundations of Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305340
eISBN:
9780199784721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305345.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter looks at how god concepts are represented and processed by the human mind, particularly at features of social cognition that support thinking about supernatural agents, enhance their ... More


Racial Stigma: Toward a New Paradigm for Discrimination Theory

Glenn C. Loury

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0027
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay examines interconnections between “race” and economic inequality in the United States, focusing on the case of African Americans. It is crucially important to distinguish between racial ... More


 Observing Possession

Emma Cohen

in The Mind Possessed: The Cognition of Spirit Possession in an Afro-Brazilian Religious Tradition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195323351
eISBN:
9780199785575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323351.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Chapter 7 addresses the social cognition of possession activities. Some researchers have noted that possession observation is often characterised by ambiguity, contradiction, and inconsistency. This ... More


The social brain hypothesis: An evolutionary perspective on the neurobiology of social behaviour

Susanne Shultz and R.I.M. Dunbar

in I Know What You're Thinking: Brain imaging and mental privacy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596492
eISBN:
9780191745669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596492.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

This chapter defends a version of the social brain hypothesis, focusing especially on the cognitive powers involved in the ‘Theory of Mind’ that humans are thought to deploy in order to attribute ... More


Side Bias: Cerebral Hemispheric Asymmetry in Social Cognition and Emotion Perception

Kimberley R. Savage, Joan C. Borod, and Lorraine O. Ramig

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Vision

This chapter characterizes the nature of the hemispheric biases in social cognition. This includes both description and discussion of the literature examining the extent of hemispheric specialization ... More


The simulation hypothesis of motor cognition

Marc Jeannerod

in Motor Cognition: What actions tell the self

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198569657
eISBN:
9780191720994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569657.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter develops the concept of simulation as a potential explanation for unifying the various aspects of motor cognition. Simulation is used as the off-line rehearsal of neural networks ... More


The Cognitive Capitalist: Social Benefits of Perceptual Economy

Douglas Martin and C. Neil Macrae

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Vision

This chapter explores the perceptual processes that support the extraction of social information from faces and how these fit within extant models of social cognition. It assesses the efficiency with ... More


Human Culture in Evolutionary Perspective

Michael Tomasello

in Advances in Culture and Psychology: Volume 1

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195380392
eISBN:
9780199863501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380392.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Many animal species live in complex social groups, some of whom transmit information across generations “culturally”. Humans’ uniquely cultural way of life began with this kind of social organization ... More


The Developmental Relations between Perspective Taking and Prosocial Behaviors: A Meta-Analytic Examination of the Task-Specificity Hypothesis

Gustavo Carlo, George P. Knight, Meredith McGinley, Rebecca Goodvin, and Scott C. Roesch

in Self- and Social-Regulation: Exploring the Relations Between Social Interaction, Social Understanding, and the Development of Executive Functions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195327694
eISBN:
9780199776962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327694.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Given the multidimensional nature of both perspective taking and prosocial behaviors, the authors advance an information processing position that attending to characteristics of tasks used to assess ... More


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