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Unobservables

Jutta Schickore

in About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Simon Flexner and Hideyo Noguchi’s work discusses venom research from the perspective of immunology. They could draw on a much broader pool of resources than Mitchell had available—conceptual, ... More


Fragmentation and Modularity

Jutta Schickore

in About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the early twentieth century, venom research migrated into the domain of protein and enzyme studies. Venom researchers consciously drew on new analytic techniques and approaches from research on ... More


Practical Criticisms

Jutta Schickore

in About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The physician and literary writer Silas Weir Mitchell had a long-standing interest in venom research, spanning the second half of the nineteenth century. Mitchell’s work showcases the dynamics of ... More


Controlling Experiment

Jutta Schickore

in About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the 1880s, venom served as a means to explore specific body functions, and the changes thus produced were recorded with novel kinds of recording devices. Venom was tested systematically with a ... More


Thousands of Experiments

Jutta Schickore

in About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Fontana’s renewed engagement with the subject of viper venom resulted in a massive study of more than 600 pages. Book II of the Treatise on the Venom of the Viper produced a new interpretation of the ... More


Many, Many Experiments

Jutta Schickore

in About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the mid-seventeenth century, experiments on snake venom were conducted within the larger contexts of discussions about body functions and the nature of disease; about blood, its role in the body, ... More


About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Jutta Schickore

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically is a long-term history of scientists’ methodological discussions about experimentation in the life sciences. It ... More


Experiment as the Only Guide

Jutta Schickore

in About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Felice Fontana’s Treatise on the Venom of the Viper; on the American Poisons; and on the Cherry Laurel, and some other Vegetable Poisons is considered a milestone in venom research. Throughout the ... More


Newtonian Poison

Jutta Schickore

in About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Richard Mead’s Mechanical Account of Poisons includes a study of viper venom as well as a critical commentary on Redi and Charas. The several editions of Mead’s Mechanical Account showcase the state ... More


Trying Again

Jutta Schickore

in About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226449982
eISBN:
9780226450049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450049.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The continuation of the dispute between Redi and Charas brought methodological issues to the fore. The chapter shows that while both investigators were experimentalists, they had quite different ... More


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