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Rational Risk Policy: The 1996 Arne Ryde Memorial Lectures

W. Kip Viscusi

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293637
eISBN:
9780191596995
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293631.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Ideally, individual risk‐taking decisions and government risk policies should be based on a rational balancing of risk and cost. Unfortunately, private decisions are subject to a number of biases ... More


Policy Networks in British Government

David Marsh and R. A. W. Rhodes (eds)

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278528
eISBN:
9780191684210
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278528.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Policy is not made in the electoral arena or in the gladiatorial confrontations of Parliament, but in the netherworld of committees, civil servants, professions, and interest groups. This collection ... More


Cancer Incidence and Mortality in England and Wales: Trends and Risk Factors

Anthony Swerdlow, Isabel Dos Santos Silva, and Richard Doll

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192627483
eISBN:
9780191723698
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192627483.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Cancer causes a quarter of all deaths in England and Wales. There is great professional and public interest in cancer trends, but no satisfactory source to which to turn to find information about ... More


International Smoking Statistics: A collection of historical data from 30 economically developed countries

Barbara Forey, Jan Hamling, Peter Lee, and Nicholas Wald (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198508564
eISBN:
9780191723773
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508564.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

International Smoking Statistics presents a valuable collection of smoking data relating to thirty countries—most of Europe, and also Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, USA, and the ... More


Government Paternalism: Nanny State or Helpful Friend?

Julian Le Grand and BILL New

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164373
eISBN:
9781400866298
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164373.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Should governments save people from themselves? Do governments have the right to influence citizens' behavior related to smoking tobacco, eating too much, not saving enough, drinking alcohol, or ... More


Adolescent smoking

John P. Pierce, Janet M. Distefan, and David Hill

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

It is over forty years since the public health community came to the consensus that smoking tobacco, particularly cigarettes, caused lung cancer. Despite widespread dissemination of the likely health ... More


The adoption of smoke-free policies and their effectiveness

Maria Leon-Roux and John P. Pierce

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0036
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Leading health agencies have published authoritative reports evaluating the research on the health risks of second-hand smoke (SHS). There is a consensus across these reports that SHS (also called ... More


The Problem of Intelligibility

Richard Kraut

in Against Absolute Goodness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199844463
eISBN:
9780199919550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844463.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In Chapter 6 it was argued that we should not infer from something's being bad for someone that it is bad simpliciter. The example was this: smoking cigarettes might be bad for George, but it would ... More


The Puzzle of Adolescent Substance Initiation

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0033
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents the first-year results of a two-year study exploring whether a multiattribute utility (MAU) model that includes a new momentary salience parameter can predict smoking and ... More


Evolution of knowledge of the smoking epidemic

Richard Doll

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the development of tobacco smoking and the factors leading to the shift to the fashion for cigarettes. It then discusses the impact of tobacco on health, the ... More


The changing cigarette: chemical studies and bioassays

Ilse Hoffmann and Dietrich Hoffmann

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the identification of carcinogens and tumour promoters in tobacco smoke, changes in cigarette smoke composition with various design changes, and observations on cigarette ... More


Passive smoking and health

Jonathan M. Samet

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an overview and introduction to the now vast data on the adverse health consequences of passive smoking, covering the risks to passive smokers, including the fetus, infants and ... More


Tobacco and women

Amanda Amos and Judith Mackay

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins with a review of global trends in women and smoking. It then discusses the health effects of tobacco use, the economic impact of tobacco use on women, smoking cessation among ... More


Active and passive smoking and cancer of the breast

Areti Lagiou and Dimitrios Trichopoulos

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0028
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews studies on the link between smoking and breast cancer. There is little evidence that passive smoking increases the risk of breast cancer, although this possibility cannot be ... More


Professionalisation, new social movements and voluntary action in the 1960s and 1970s

Virginia Berridge and Alex Mold

in The Ages of Voluntarism: How we got to the Big Society

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264829
eISBN:
9780191754036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264829.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explores the heightened professionalism of the voluntary sector as it adapted to the emergence of a new form of activist, as a way of analysing the utility of different methodological ... More


Understanding Canton: Rethinking Popular Culture in the Republican Period

Virgil Ho

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199282715
eISBN:
9780191603037
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282714.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book critically examines six aspects of the popular culture of early and mid-Republican (1912-38) Canton: common perceptions of the city, popular attitudes towards the West, Cantonese opera, ... More


Nuisance

Michael Lobban

in The Oxford History of the Laws of England: Volume XII: 1820–1914 Private Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199258826
eISBN:
9780191705168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258826.003.0025
Subject:
Law, Legal History

While there had always been problems caused by smoke, or by polluted water, noise or overcrowding, they were significantly magnified in the 19th century as a result of rapid industrialization and ... More


Technical Public Health: The 1971 Cross‐Government Enquiry and the Rise of Economics

Virginia Berridge

in Marketing Health: Smoking and the Discourse of Public Health in Britain, 1945-2000

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199260300
eISBN:
9780191717376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260300.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses the significance of the publication of the second Royal College of Physicians report Smoking and Health Now in 1971. The report led to the a cross-governmental enquiry into ... More


Market manipulation: how the tobacco industry recruits and retains smokers

Wakefield Melanie

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The tobacco industry has been spectacularly successful in marketing its products over a long period of time. Advertising campaigns for cigarette brands such as Marlboro, Benson & Hedges, Winston, ... More


Tobacco carcinogenesis: mechanisms and biomarkers

Stephen S. Hecht

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The indisputable relationship between the world's most widespread exogenous chemical carcinogen exposure — tobacco smoke — and cancer, provides a framework for a better understanding of cancer ... More


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