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Memory, Attention, and Decision-Making: A Unifying Computational Neuroscience Approach

Edmund T. Rolls

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232703
eISBN:
9780191724046
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232703.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This book presents a unified approach to understanding memory, attention, and decision-making. It shows how these fundamental functions for cognitive neuroscience can be understood in a common and ... More


Scentless

Aviad Kleinberg

in The Sensual God: How the Senses Make the Almighty Senseless

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231174701
eISBN:
9780231540247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174701.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Where one particularly sly Dominican demoniac makes an incredible stink.


Scenting Salvation: Ancient Christianity and the Olfactory Imagination

Susan Ashbrook Harvey

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520241473
eISBN:
9780520931015
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520241473.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This book explores the role of bodily, sensory experience in early Christianity (first–seventh centuries c.e.) by focusing on the importance of smell in ancient Mediterranean culture. Following its ... More


How the Mouth Fools the Brain

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Neurogastronomy: How the Brain Creates Flavor and Why It Matters

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231159111
eISBN:
9780231530316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231159111.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter discusses how the mouth fools the brain into thinking it is producing all the flavor. The ability to identify types of flavor, such as lemon or strawberry, is attributable to retronasal ... More


Research on Taste and Smell

Adrienne Lehrer

in Wine and Conversation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195307931
eISBN:
9780199867493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307931.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Much progress has been made in the psychophysics of taste and smell. Gas chromatography has enabled scientist to determine even trace amount of aroma compounds in wine. Functional magnetic resonance ... More


Reward- and punishment-related learning; emotion and motivation

Edmund T. Rolls

in Memory, Attention, and Decision-Making: A Unifying Computational Neuroscience Approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232703
eISBN:
9780191724046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232703.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter details associative processes involved in reward- and punishment-related learning. It also covers Pavlovian or classical conditioning; representations in the brain of primary reinforcers ... More


Hunger

Edmund T. Rolls

in Emotion Explained

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570035
eISBN:
9780191693793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570035.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter covers peripheral signals for hunger and satiety. Internal regulators of appetite and body weight are described, such as hormones including leptin. Brain mechanisms are explained and the ... More


Aristotle On Odour And Smell

Mark A. Johnstone

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 43

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199666164
eISBN:
9780191751936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666164.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The sense of smell occupies a peculiar intermediate position in Aristotle's theory of sense perception: odours, like colours and sounds, are perceived at a distance through an external medium; yet in ... More


The Other Smells

Eric Reinders

in Borrowed Gods and Foreign Bodies: Christian Missionaries Imagine Chinese Religion

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520241718
eISBN:
9780520931084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520241718.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter discusses the difference in the smell or body odor of the Chinese people and the Western missionaries and converts. It explains that higher meat and alcohol content in the Western diet ... More


INTRODUCTION

Janice Carlisle

in Common Scents: Comparative Encounters in High-Victorian Fiction

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165098
eISBN:
9780199787685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165098.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

By examining Victorian assumptions about the senses promulgated by psychophysiologists and popular commentators, this introductory chapter examines the cultural values attached to sensory experience, ... More


The role of olfaction in human multisensory development

Benoist Schaal and Karine Durand

in Multisensory Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199586059
eISBN:
9780191741470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586059.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Olfaction is an unavoidable and ubiquitous source of perceptual experience from the earliest stages of mammalian development. This chapter summarizes current understanding of how olfaction functions ... More


The development and decline of multisensory flavour perception: Assessing the role of visual (colour) cues on the perception of taste and flavour

Charles Spence

in Multisensory Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199586059
eISBN:
9780191741470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586059.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the evidence concerning the development and decline of multisensory flavour perception. The emphasis is on the role of visual cues, especially colour. Taken together, the ... More


Types of flavour interaction

Richard J. Stevenson

in The Psychology of Flavour

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199539352
eISBN:
9780191724008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539352.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter identifies the psychological (or centrally based) interactions between the various modalities and sub-modalities that comprise the flavour system such as taste and smell. The ... More


Causes of flavour interaction

Richard J. Stevenson

in The Psychology of Flavour

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199539352
eISBN:
9780191724008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539352.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the distal and proximal basis of the interactions between and within the flavour senses that were identified in Chapter 2 as having a psychological basis. For unimodal ... More


Wholes and parts

Richard J. Stevenson

in The Psychology of Flavour

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199539352
eISBN:
9780191724008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539352.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Many claim that flavour can be perceived as a unitary experience and as a series of parts. This chapter explores this claim by addressing three specific questions: (1) Is flavour a unitary ... More


Visual Objects

Mohan Matthen

in Seeing, Doing, and Knowing: A Philosophical Theory of Sense Perception

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199268504
eISBN:
9780191602283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199268509.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Vision presents features as located in environmental things. In this chapter, the structure of this feature-locating scheme is investigated. Austen Clark argues, correctly, that visual features are ... More


The Nose Knows

William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein

in Are We Hardwired?: The Role of Genes in Human Behavior

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178005
eISBN:
9780199893331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178005.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Behavior in multicellular animals consists of directed activity in response to internal and external environmental signals. External signals are detected through a variety of sensory nervous inputs. ... More


Tastes, Smells, and Aesthetics

Frank Sibley

in Approach to Aesthetics: Collected Papers on Philosophical Aesthetics

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238997
eISBN:
9780191598418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238991.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Tackles the neglected question of whether tastes and smells can be objects of aesthetic interest, appreciation, satisfaction, and value. Bypassing the question of whether the objects of tasting and ... More


Sensible Life

Emanuele Coccia

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780823267415
eISBN:
9780823272358
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823267415.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

We like to imagine ourselves as rational beings who think and speak, yet to live means first and foremost to look, taste, feel, or smell the world around us. But sensibility is not just a faculty: We ... More


The Revolution in Smell and Flavor

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Neurogastronomy: How the Brain Creates Flavor and Why It Matters

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231159111
eISBN:
9780231530316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231159111.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Modern research shows that an odor sets up patterns of activity—“smell images” in our brains—that are the main basis for our perception of flavors. These smell images are hidden factors that ... More


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