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Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

William R Clark

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Over the past two decades, an enormous effort has been mounted by numerous federal and state agencies to prepare America to defend against the possibility of a catastrophic bioterrorist attack. This ... More


KNOWING AND LEARNING IN ORGANIZATIONS

Chun Wei Choo

in The Knowing Organization: How Organizations Use Information to Construct Meaning, Create Knowledge, and Make Decisions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176780
eISBN:
9780199789634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176780.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

The WHO Smallpox Eradication Program (1967-77) showed how cycles of sensemaking, knowledge creation, and decision making supported by a matrix of information management practices enabled the ... More


Tales of a Dark Winter: A Play in Three Acts

William R. Clark

in Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines one of the many war games-like exercises carried out beginning in the 1990s to test the reaction of government officials to a hypothetical bioterrorist attack. In this exercise, ... More


Agents of Terror

William R. Clark

in Bracing for Armageddon?: The Science and Politics of Bioterrorism in America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336214
eISBN:
9780199868537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336214.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has defined a list of human pathogens that are of highest concern for possible use as bioweapons. These agents, most of which had been developed as ... More


WARRING AGAINST HUMANS AND OTHER ANIMALS: Smallpox, Monkeypox, and Others

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses viral infections existing efforts to eradicate viruses. Topics covered include smallpox, Murray Valley encephalitis virus, rabbit poxvirus, and monkeypox.


Towards the Decolonization of the Mind

Stephen A. Marglin

in Dominating Knowledge: Development, Culture, and Resistance

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198286943
eISBN:
9780191684531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286943.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Economic Systems

This chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about the influence of development, culture, and resistance on the dominant knowledge or intellectual model in India. This book provides a ... More


Smallpox in Two Systems of Knowledge

FrÉdÉrique Apffel Marglin

in Dominating Knowledge: Development, Culture, and Resistance

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198286943
eISBN:
9780191684531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286943.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Economic Systems

This chapter explores the themes of freedom and force in the context of one of the great success stories of modernization in India, which is the smallpox vaccination. The findings reveal that ... More


Arguments from Medical History and Demography

Robert Woods

in Death before Birth: Fetal Health and Mortality in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542758
eISBN:
9780191715358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542758.003.0007
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter makes and justifies a claim: medical and demographic histories are inseparable when fetal health and life chances are the subjects. It is argued that there was an improvement in the ... More


Comprehensive strategies to reduce the burden of chronic diseases: What are the best ways to reduce the burden of chronic disease?

David Stuckler, Karen Siegel, Kathleen O’Connor Duffany, Sandeep Kishore, Denise Stevens, and Sanjay Basu

in Sick Societies: Responding to the global challenge of chronic disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199574407
eISBN:
9780191731204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574407.003.0057
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter is organized into two parts. Part I shows how healthcare systems — set up in a period when infectious diseases were dominant — have locked in a focus on treating acute-care episodes. It ... More


December 1715–August 1716: Loss of Face: ‘This fatal stroke, this unforseen distress’ 1

Isobel Grundy

in Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Comet of the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187653
eISBN:
9780191674730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187653.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

In December 1715, Lady Mary was fighting for her life in earnest. The smallpox, which had killed her brother, which she had feared for her husband and baby, had got her at last. Although she lost her ... More


1720 Onwards: Inoculation: ‘pull'd about and solicited’ 1

Isobel Grundy

in Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Comet of the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187653
eISBN:
9780191674730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187653.003.0014
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

While Lady Mary's Turkish adventures dropped behind her, new and problematic adventures awaited. Nicolas–Francois Rémond, whom she had met in Paris in 1718, had been pursuing her ever since. Rémond ... More


Epilogue: Celebrating a Complicated Legacy

Bob H. Reinhardt

in The End of A Global Pox: America and the Eradication of Smallpox in the Cold War Era

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624099
eISBN:
9781469625102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624099.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This epilogue considers the legacy of the global smallpox eradication program. It identifies the tension between the celebration of the disease's eradication and equivocation on the destruction of ... More


Miraculous Plagues: An Epidemiology of Early New England Narrative

Cristobal Silva

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199743476
eISBN:
9780199896868
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199743476.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century, Cultural History

This book reimagines New England’s literary history by tracing seventeenth- and early-eighteenth-century epidemics alongside the era of early colonial expansion, the Antinomian controversy, the ... More


Smallpox

Anne Hardy

in The Epidemic Streets: Infectious Diseases and the Rise of Preventive Medicine 1856–1900

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203773
eISBN:
9780191675966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203773.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The nineteenth-century history of smallpox has been largely neglected by historians in favour of that of cholera, yet it was in this period that the techniques were developed by which the disease was ... More


The Whole Is Greater:How Polio Was Eradicated from the Western Hemisphere

Ciro A. de Quadros

in The Practice of International Health: A Case-Based Orientation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195310276
eISBN:
9780199865369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310276.003.03
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes an account of experiences in immunization programs around the world. It talks about an involvement campaign to eradicate smallpox. It also describes the challenges faced by the ... More


A Shot at Protection: Immunizations Against Infectious Disease

Alan R. Hinman and Walter A. Orenstein

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.04
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Edward Jenner, an 18th century English physician, observed that milkmaids who had recovered from cowpox, did not have the facial scars of smallpox. In 1796, he demonstrated that inoculation of a ... More


Biological weapons

Victor W. Sidel and Barry S. Levy

in Terrorism and Public Health: A balanced approach to strengthening systems and protecting people

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195325256
eISBN:
9780199864409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325256.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes biological weapons, including the history of their proliferation and use, outbreaks of anthrax and salmonellosis, international control of biological weapons, and specific ... More


Biological Weapons

Barry S. Levy and Victor W. Sidel

in War and Public Health

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311181
eISBN:
9780199865086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311181.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the use of biological weapons over time and current efforts to identify and control biological weapons. It discusses in depth anthrax, plague, tularemia, botulism, smallpox, ... More


Public health and epidemiology

Lester Breslow and Roger Detels

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the role on epidemiology in public health. It focuses on four major public health areas — smallpox, kuru, injuries, and health behaviours — in which the contributions of ... More


The Concept of Host and Immunity

Mervyn Susser and Zena Stein

in Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the historical development of the concept of host and immunity. Smallpox is a disease that, until the 20h century, had long been among the greatest of human plagues. In the ... More


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