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Introduction

Tony James

in Dream, Creativity, and Madness in Nineteenth-Century France

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198151883
eISBN:
9780191672873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198151883.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature, European Literature

This chapter provides an introduction to Part I of the book. The chapters in the first part of the book focus on ‘somnambulism’ — the phenomenon of sleep which was to the forefront of public ... More


Overview of In Vivo Cortical Oscillations

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

brain oscillations occur spontaneously, for example during sleep; as part of evoked responses following specific sensory stimulations; and as a correlate of cognitive and motor processes. In the ... More


The Role of Sleep in the Development of Central Visual Pathways

Marcos G. Frank and Michael P. Stryker

in Sleep and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198574002
eISBN:
9780191724145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews evidence in support of the hypothesis that sleep may play an important role in brain maturation. It begins by reviewing the role of endogenous neural activity and experience in ... More


Cerebral Correlates of Memory Consolidation During Human Sleep: Contribution of Functional Neuroimaging

Philippe Peigneux, Stevan Laureys, Axel Cleeremans, and Pierre Maquet

in Sleep and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198574002
eISBN:
9780191724145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The brain dynamics in humans can be explored using a wide variety of non-invasive neuroimaging techniques: electroencephalography (EEG), magnetoencephalography (MEG), near infrared spectroscopy ... More


Personalized Medicine in Sleep Health

Ronald Grunstein

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Personalized sleep medicine is an emerging area of research and practice. Sleep disorders are common with appreciable morbidity and economic impact. Recent studies have identified clear ... More


The Brain’s Default State: Self-Organized Oscillations in Rest and Sleep

Buzsáki György

in Rhythms of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195301069
eISBN:
9780199863716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

In the absence of environmental inputs, such as during sleep, the brain engages in self-organized activity. The isolated neocortex, or small pieces of it, can sustain self-organized patterns. Neurons ... More


Sleep and Brain Plasticity

Pierre Maquet, Carlyle Smith, and Robert Stickgold (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198574002
eISBN:
9780191724145
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

We spend so much of our lives sleeping, yet its precise function is unclear, in spite of our increasing understanding of the processes generating and maintaining sleep. We now know that sleep can be ... More


Waking, Sleep, and Control of the Senses

Pavel Gregoric

in Aristotle on the Common Sense

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199277377
eISBN:
9780191707537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277377.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In De Somno et Vigilia 2 Aristotle observes that sleep and waking are contrary states which simultaneously affect all individual senses of an animal. Aristotle argues that this occurs because there ... More


Falling Asleep, Perchance to Dream—Thence to Reawaken

Michael N. Marsh

in Out-of-Body and Near-Death Experiences: Brain-State Phenomena or Glimpses of Immortality?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571505
eISBN:
9780191722059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571505.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Theology

This chapter continues the neurological theme relating to the realms of conscious-awareness and its disturbances, and their relevance to extra-corporeal experience (ECE) phenomenology. It makes a ... More


Role of Rem Sleep in Brain Development and Plasticity

Majid Mirmiran and Ronald L. Ariagno

in Sleep and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198574002
eISBN:
9780191724145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the role of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep in early brain development. Existing data suggest that REM sleep deprivation (REMD) in infants may retard brain growth and synaptic ... More


Maintenance and Modification of Firing Rates and Sequences in the Hippocampus: Does Sleep Play a Role?

György Buzsáki, Daniel Carpi, Jozsef Csicsvari, George Dragoi, Kenneth Harris, Darrell Henze, and Hajime Hirase

in Sleep and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198574002
eISBN:
9780191724145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter begins with a discussion of a two-stage model of memory trace formation. It then discusses the similarity of long-term firing rates and co-activation in the waking and sleeping brain, ... More


Memory, Cognition, and Dreams

Robert Stickgold

in Sleep and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198574002
eISBN:
9780191724145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews recent findings from studies on cognitive processing during sleep using two distinct approaches. It first describes a series of studies that used standard cognitive testing to ... More


Human Studies of Sleep and Off-line Memory Reprocessing

Robert Stickgold

in Sleep and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198574002
eISBN:
9780191724145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter examines the relationship between sleep states and memory for a visual search task. Results show that both NREM sleep and REM sleep are involved in off-line memory processing. In more ... More


Roles of Early and Late Nocturnal Sleep for the Consolidation of Human Memories

Jan Born and Steffen Gais

in Sleep and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198574002
eISBN:
9780191724145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter examines the degree of memory processing following the first half of the night (the bulk of which is deep NREM sleep) compared to the memory processing in the second half of the night ... More


A Role For Stage 2 Sleep in Memory Processing

Rebecca Nader and Carlyle Smith

in Sleep and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198574002
eISBN:
9780191724145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Stage 2 sleep is the classification given to approximately 50 percent of the night of sleep in humans. It is recognized as having very salient features that distinguish it from other sleep stages. ... More


The Rem Sleep Window and Memory Processing

Carlyle Smith

in Sleep and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198574002
eISBN:
9780191724145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter begins with a discussion of the rapid eye movement (REM) sleep window (RSW). It then discusses stress as an explanation for memory loss, the mechanisms of action during the REM sleep ... More


The Role of Sleep in Memory Processing: the Sequential Hypothesis

Antonio Giuditta, Paola Mandile, Paola Montagnese, Stefania Piscopo, and Stefania Vescia

in Sleep and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198574002
eISBN:
9780191724145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Slow wave sleep (SWS) was the first type of sleep to be described in human subjects by its high-amplitude, low-frequency electroencephalographic (EEG) waves, that sharply contrasted with the ... More


Sleep and Circadian Control of Neurobehavioral Functions

Melissa M. Mallis, Siobhan Banks, and David F. Dinges

in Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter begins with an overview of sleep and circadian rhythms. It then discusses types of sleep deprivation, neurobehavioral and neurocognitive consequences of inadequate sleep, operational ... More


Simple Molecules That Turn You On and Off

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Glutamate is an amino acid that your brain uses as a neurotransmitter and it is almost always is excitatory. GABA is also an amino acid that your brain uses as a neurotransmitter and it is almost ... More


Time Urgency, Sleep Loss, and Obesity

Peter C. Whybrow

in Insecurity, Inequality, and Obesity in Affluent Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264980
eISBN:
9780191754135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264980.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Advancing technology and global commerce have created a 24-hour society where the natural constraints on human activity of geography and distance are dissolving. The competitive challenge of this ... More


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