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Introduction

Tony James

in Dream, Creativity, and Madness in Nineteenth-Century France

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198151883
eISBN:
9780191672873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198151883.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature, European Literature

This chapter provides an introduction to Part I of the book. The chapters in the first part of the book focus on ‘somnambulism’ — the phenomenon of sleep which was to the forefront of public ... More


Overview of In Vivo Cortical Oscillations

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

brain oscillations occur spontaneously, for example during sleep; as part of evoked responses following specific sensory stimulations; and as a correlate of cognitive and motor processes. In the ... More


The Role of Sleep in the Development of Central Visual Pathways

Marcos G. Frank and Michael P. Stryker

in Sleep and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198574002
eISBN:
9780191724145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews evidence in support of the hypothesis that sleep may play an important role in brain maturation. It begins by reviewing the role of endogenous neural activity and experience in ... More


Cerebral Correlates of Memory Consolidation During Human Sleep: Contribution of Functional Neuroimaging

Philippe Peigneux, Stevan Laureys, Axel Cleeremans, and Pierre Maquet

in Sleep and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198574002
eISBN:
9780191724145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The brain dynamics in humans can be explored using a wide variety of non-invasive neuroimaging techniques: electroencephalography (EEG), magnetoencephalography (MEG), near infrared spectroscopy ... More


Personalized Medicine in Sleep Health

Ronald Grunstein

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Personalized sleep medicine is an emerging area of research and practice. Sleep disorders are common with appreciable morbidity and economic impact. Recent studies have identified clear ... More


The Brain’s Default State: Self-Organized Oscillations in Rest and Sleep

Buzsáki György

in Rhythms of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195301069
eISBN:
9780199863716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

In the absence of environmental inputs, such as during sleep, the brain engages in self-organized activity. The isolated neocortex, or small pieces of it, can sustain self-organized patterns. Neurons ... More


Sleep and Brain Plasticity

Pierre Maquet, Carlyle Smith, and Robert Stickgold (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198574002
eISBN:
9780191724145
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

We spend so much of our lives sleeping, yet its precise function is unclear, in spite of our increasing understanding of the processes generating and maintaining sleep. We now know that sleep can be ... More


Falling Asleep, Perchance to Dream—Thence to Reawaken

Michael N. Marsh

in Out-of-Body and Near-Death Experiences: Brain-State Phenomena or Glimpses of Immortality?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571505
eISBN:
9780191722059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571505.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Theology

This chapter continues the neurological theme relating to the realms of conscious-awareness and its disturbances, and their relevance to extra-corporeal experience (ECE) phenomenology. It makes a ... More


Waking, Sleep, and Control of the Senses

Pavel Gregoric

in Aristotle on the Common Sense

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199277377
eISBN:
9780191707537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277377.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In De Somno et Vigilia 2 Aristotle observes that sleep and waking are contrary states which simultaneously affect all individual senses of an animal. Aristotle argues that this occurs because there ... More


Role of Rem Sleep in Brain Development and Plasticity

Majid Mirmiran and Ronald L. Ariagno

in Sleep and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198574002
eISBN:
9780191724145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the role of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep in early brain development. Existing data suggest that REM sleep deprivation (REMD) in infants may retard brain growth and synaptic ... More


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