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Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Skepticism poses a central challenge in epistemology, but its opponents focus on Cartesian or Academic skepticism, whereas almost all actual defenders of skepticism are Pyrrhonians who suspend belief ... More


Knowledge and Practical Interests

Jason Stanley

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The thesis of this book is that whether or not someone knows a proposition at a given time is in part determined by his or her practical interests, i.e., by how much is at stake for that person at ... More


John Buridan

Gyula Klima

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195176223
eISBN:
9780199871957
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176223.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

John Buridan (ca. 1300–1362) has worked out perhaps the most comprehensive account of nominalism in the history of Western thought, the philosophical doctrine according to which the only universals ... More


Hume's Skeptical Crisis: A Textual Study

Robert J. Fogelin

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195387391
eISBN:
9780199866489
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387391.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This work is a narrative study of the interactions between Hume's naturalism and his skepticism as they unfold in the Treatise of Human Nature and the Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding. More ... More


Epistemology: New Essays

Quentin Smith (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199264933
eISBN:
9780191718472
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264933.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book offers a view of the current state of play in epistemology in the form of twelve chapters by some of the philosophers who have most influenced the course of debates in recent years. Topics ... More


Belief and Truth: A Skeptic Reading of Plato

Katja Maria Vogt

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199916818
eISBN:
9780199980291
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199916818.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This book explores a Socratic intuition about the difference between belief and knowledge. Beliefs—doxai—are deficient cognitive attitudes. In believing something, one accepts some content as true ... More


Hegel's Critique of Kant

Sally Sedgwick

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698363
eISBN:
9780191738692
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698363.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This is a study of Hegel’s critique of Kant’s theoretical philosophy. Its main purpose is to defend the thesis that Hegel offers us a compelling critique of, and alternative to, the conception of ... More


Nietzsche and the Ancient Skeptical Tradition

Jessica N. Berry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195368420
eISBN:
9780199867479
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368420.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The impact of Nietzsche's engagement with the Greek skeptics has never been systematically explored in a book-length work—an inattention that belies the interpretive weight Nietzsche scholars ... More


The Case for Contextualism: Knowledge, Skepticism, and Context, Vol. 1

Keith DeRose

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199564460
eISBN:
9780191721410
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564460.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Contextualism is the view that the epistemic standards that a subject must meet in order for a sentence attributing knowledge to her to be true vary according to the contexts in which those sentences ... More


Walking the Tightrope of Reason: The Precarious Life of a Rational Animal

Robert Fogelin

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195177541
eISBN:
9780199850143
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177541.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Human beings are both supremely rational and deeply superstitious, capable of believing just about anything and of questioning just about everything. Indeed, just as our reason demands that we know ... More


Introduction The Interpretive Problem

Robert J. Fogelin

in Hume's Skeptical Crisis: A Textual Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195387391
eISBN:
9780199866489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387391.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter spells out the fundamental goal of the book: to make sense out of the radical change in perspective from a buoyant confidence at the start of book 1 of the Treatise to a serious case of ... More


Are You Alone Wise?: The Search for Certainty in the Early Modern Era

Susan Schreiner

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195313420
eISBN:
9780199897292
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313420.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Theology

In present-day America, the topic of certitude is much debated. On one side, commentators like Charles Krauthammer urge us to achieve “moral clarity”. On the other, those like George Will contend ... More


Evidentialism: Essays in Epistemology

Earl Conee and Richard Feldman

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199253722
eISBN:
9780191601361
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253722.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The essays in this book defend evidentialism. This is the view that whether a person is epistemically justified in believing a proposition is determined entirely by the person's evidence. ... More


The Skeptics Are Coming! The Skeptics Are Coming!

Robert J. Fogelin

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay explains a Pyrrhonian skepticism in contrast with Cartesian skepticism, and then argues that what externalists and contextualists oppose is only Cartesian skepticism. It contends that ... More


Last Words

Robert Fogelin

in Walking the Tightrope of Reason: The Precarious Life of a Rational Animal

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195177541
eISBN:
9780199850143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177541.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter shows that for Hume, contexts in which radically skeptical doubts emerge and contexts in which our beliefs are generated by natural instincts are not discrete, isolated domains. Each ... More


Alexandria

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Ptolemy, one of Alexander's generals, a patron of Greek culture, founded in Alexandria, capital of his Egyptian empire, the Library, the greatest depository of Greek literature, and the Museum, a ... More


Miletus Preserved I: Hobbes

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Although participants in the scientific enterprise comply at least tacitly with the Milesian requirements of monism, naturalism, and rationalism, not all philosophers have followed suit. Many ... More


The Politics of Climate Change Mitigation

Steve Vanderheiden

in Atmospheric Justice: A Political Theory of Climate Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195334609
eISBN:
9780199868759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334609.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter begins with a short history of climate change as a policy issue, explaining the scientific basics of the phenomenon and culminating with an examination of current controversies over the ... More


Conclusion

Susan E. Schreiner

in Are You Alone Wise?: The Search for Certainty in the Early Modern Era

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195313420
eISBN:
9780199897292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313420.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Theology

This concluding chapter addresses those voices that questioned the value and access to the various 16th-century claims to certainty. The focus is on only those protests that argued for the ... More


Understanding Truth

Scott Soames

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195123357
eISBN:
9780199872114
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195123352.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Understanding Truth aims to illuminate the notion of truth, and the role it plays in our ordinary thought, as well as in our logical, philosophical, and scientific theories. Part 1 is ... More


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